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Diversity in Organizations 2nd Edition Bell Test Bank

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Diversity in Organizations 2nd Edition Bell Test Bank

ISBN-13: 978-1111221300

ISBN-10: 1111221308

Description

Diversity in Organizations 2nd Edition Bell Test Bank

ISBN-13: 978-1111221300

ISBN-10: 1111221308

 

 

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Free Nursing Test Questions:

Chapter 7: Whites/European Americans

 

Multiple Choice

 

  1. Which of the following is accurate of Whites/European Americans in the U.S.?

 

  1. Some White ethnic groups faced considerable overt discrimination in the U.S.
  2. The English, as later arrivals, were viewed negatively by White immigrants who arrived earlier.
  3. White Americans have been underrepresented in books, films, and other depictions of U.S. history, relative to American Indians, Blacks, Latinos, and Asians in the U.S.
  4. All of the above.
  5. None of the above.

 

Answer: A, p. 225

 

  1. As Blacks migrated from the South to the North seeking better jobs and greater opportunities,

 

  1. European ethnic groups viewed Blacks moving north as helpful in the overall economy and non-threatening.
  2. Whites in the dominant group became more vocal about their contempt for lower status Whites.
  3. White ethnic groups became “insiders,” while Blacks became the “other”.
  4. White ethnics continued in-fighting and paid little attention to the arrival of Blacks.

 

Answer: C, p. 225-226

 

  1. White privilege refers to all of the following except:

 

  1. Earned advantages based on race.
  2. Employment advantages based on similarity to key decision makers.
  3. The benefit of favorable stereotypes.
  4. The benefit of negative stereotypes about potential non-White workers.
  5. All of the above.

 

Answer: A, p. 224

 

  1. In Goldberg’s research on the effects of similarity in race and sex on interview assessments and offers,

 

  1. White recruiters preferred White applicants and Black recruiters favored Black applicants.
  2. male recruiters preferred male applicants and female recruiters preferred female applicants.
  3. White recruiters preferred White applicants but Black recruiters did not favor Black applicants.
  4. in-group favoritism was clearly and consistently documented.

 

Answer: C, p. 247

 

  1. Research on White identity development indicates that

 

  1. Whites’ identity development is related to their support for or resistance to measures to increase equity.
  2. White identity development has no relationship to diversity in organizations.
  3. symbolic White identity development is associated with negative outcomes.
  4. All of the above.
  5. A and C only above.

 

Answer: E, pp. 243-244

 

  1. During World War II

 

  1. along with people of Japanese descent, those of Italian and German descent were arrested and held in relocation centers.
  2. Japanese Americans alone were held in detention centers.
  3. only those known to be dangerous were held in detention centers.
  4. because they were easily identified on sight, Italians were easily arrested.

 

Answer: A, p. 227

 

  1. Albert Einstein

 

  1. encouraged discrimination against immigrants of color.
  2. perceived the treatment of Blacks in the U.S. as mocking the principle that “all men are created equal.”
  3. is well known for his passionate resistance to racism.
  4. All of the above.
  5. None of the above.

 

Answer: B, p. 228

 

  1. In terms of discrimination and meritocracy

 

  1. excluding entire categories of people from equal access to opportunity through discrimination contributes to the “myth of meritocracy.”
  2. by excluding women and minorities from union membership, training programs, and certain jobs, employer discrimination provided systematic advantages for White men.
  3. the effects of inheritance are included as unequal starting points in the race to get ahead.
  4. unequal access to educational opportunities is a nonmeritorious factor that influences people’s success in life.
  5. All of the above.

 

Answer: E, p. 232

 

  1. White men

 

  1. are more likely to occupy decision-making positions in organizations, making their commitment to equity and fairness vital.
  2. have infrequently participated as diversity allies.
  3. worked and sometimes died along with people of color pursuing equality.
  4. All of the above.
  5. A and C only above.

 

Answer: E, p. 229

 

  1. The White population in the U.S.

 

  1. is beginning to increase as a percentage of the population, after a period of stagnation in the 1990s.
  2. was the largest in 1990 at 90%.
  3. has been growing at a rate higher than the Asian population in the U.S.
  4. is the largest proportion for all racial/ethnic groups.

 

Answer: D, p. 238

 

  1. Which of the following is true of education, earnings, and/or employment of Whites?

 

  1. About 20% of Whites have a college degree.
  2. Whites have higher earnings by educational level than every group.
  3. Whites have higher earnings than Asians at most educational levels.
  4. White unemployment levels are higher than unemployment levels for the rest of the population.

 

Answer, C, pp. 239-240

 

  1. The Southern Poverty Law Center

 

  1. was co-founded by Morris Dees.
  2. has been instrumental in cases involving the death penalty, hate groups, and the confederate flag.
  3. was instrumental in gaining equitable rights for women in the military.
  4. All of the above.

 

Answer: D, p. 235

 

  1. Jews in the U.S.

 

  1. are successful and free from discrimination.
  2. at one time were excluded from many jobs and denied service in some organizations in the U.S.
  3. at times participated in Blacks’ struggles for civil rights.
  4. None of the above.
  5. B and C above.

 

Answer: E, p. 227, 229

 

  1. Research on layoffs in a financial firm found that

 

  1. Whites were less likely to be laid off than non-Whites.
  2. Blacks were less likely to be laid off than Asians and Hispanics.
  3. Hispanics were less likely to be laid off than Asians.
  4. Asians were less likely to be laid off than Hispanics.
  5. Both A and D are true.

 

Answer: E, p. 240

 

  1. Which of the following is true of White women and diversity concerns?

 

  1. White women are in a unique situation of dominance and disadvantage.
  2. White women are more likely to be participating in the workforce than women of color.
  3. White men may view White women as more believable sources of diversity information than people of color.
  4. All of the above.
  5. A and C only above.

 

Answer: E, p. 242

 

  1. Symbolic ethnicity

 

  1. has little impact on one’s daily life and is invoked at will.
  2. occurs when one uses written and verbal symbols to remind oneself of one’s ethnic heritage.
  3. is more meaningful than legitimate ethnic identity.
  4. has the same positive outcomes as legitimate ethnic identity.

 

Answer: A, p. 243

 

  1. Research assessing trends in managerial representation found

 

  1. a lower proportion of White men were managers in the private sector in 2000 than 1966.
  2. White men’s representation has been reduced in the more desirable (higher-paid, higher-status) sectors of the economy.
  3. gains for White women from 1966 to 2000 have been the highest of all groups (White men, White women, Black men, Black women).
  4. gains for Black women from 1966 to 2000 have been in higher status managerial positions.

 

Answer: C, pp. 245-246

 

  1. Frank McCloskey, Vice President of Georgia Power from 2000 to 2010,

 

  1. is a Black man who became Georgia Power’s first Vice President of diversity.
  2. has been recognized for his diversity efforts.
  3. thinks the U.S. is past racial issues.
  4. All of the above.

 

Answer: B., p. 251

 

True/False

 

  1. The population of Whites in the U.S. is slowly increasing after a period of stagnation.

 

Answer: False, p. 238

 

  1. Through affirmative action, employers use flexible goals and timetables to reduce imbalances in representation of underrepresented groups.

 

Answer: True, p. 244

 

  1. White women have lower workforce participation rates than Black women.

 

Answer: True, p. 223

 

  1. A higher proportion of White men were managers in the private sector in 2000 than in 1966.

 

Answer: True, p. 245

 

  1. The population growth rate for non-Hispanic Whites is lower than that of Asians.

 

Answer: True, p. 223

 

  1. Prior to the 1850 census, categories included “free Whites.”

 

Answer: True, p. 227

 

  1. Because Whites are the dominant group in the U.S., they are less likely to be viewed as homogenous when compared with other groups.

 

Answer: True, p. 229

 

  1. Recently, along with Latino immigrant workers, White immigrants have also experienced exploitation and abuse.

 

Answer: True, p. 238

 

  1. At higher levels of education (associate’s, bachelor’s and higher), Whites are less likely to be unemployed than every racial and ethnic group.

 

Answer: True, pp. 239-240

 

  1. The frequent use of the term “quotas” by the media and politicians contributes to misperceptions that quotas are legal and commonly used.

 

Answer: True, p. 244

 

  1. Although White men comprise less than 40% of the U.S. population, about 80% of the highest level corporate executives are White men.

 

Answer: False, p. 245

 

  1. Along with other groups, Whites should view diversity as a potential source of competitive advantage.

 

Answer: True, p. 249

 

  1. The Naturalization Law of 1790 allowed White men and women to become citizens but denied that right to people of color.

 

Answer: False, p. 241

 

  1. Title VII of the Civil Rights Act prohibits discrimination against Whites, including White males.

 

Answer: True, p. 231

 

  1. In one study discussed in the text, researchers found that Blacks with average grades were more likely to be hired into law firms than Whites with average grades, due to affirmative action programs in the firms.

 

Answer: False, pp. 246-247

 

  1. Non-Hispanic White men with bachelor’s degrees earn about $20,000 more than Asian men with bachelor’s degrees.

 

Answer: False, p. 239

 

  1. Multiple audit studies conducted in major U.S. cities confirm the greater likelihood of Whites to be preferred in the workplace over similarly qualified Blacks and Latinos.

 

Answer: True, p. 245

 

Short Answer/Essay

 

See Instructors’ Manual

 

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