Evidence Based Practice for Nurses 3rd Edition Schmidt Brown Test Bank

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Evidence Based Practice for Nurses 3rd Edition Schmidt Brown Test Bank

ISBN-13: 978-1284053302

ISBN-10: 128405330X


Evidence Based Practice for Nurses 3rd Edition Schmidt Brown Test Bank

ISBN-13: 978-1284053302

ISBN-10: 128405330X



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Free Nursing Test Questions:

Testbank for Schmidt & Brown 3rd Edition

Evidence-Based Practice for Nurses: Appraisal and Application of Research


Testbank prepared by:

Arlene H. Morris, EdD, RN, CNE and

Debbie Faulk, PhD, RN, CNE

both of Auburn Montgomery School of Nursing





Multiple Choice


Definition of research (p. 14)

  1. Which of the following is the best definition of research?
    1. Critically thinking about problems that occur in health care to determine possible solutions.
    2. Information that is based on personal experience or tradition.
    3. Planned and systematic activity that leads to new knowledge and/or the discovery of solutions to problems or questions.
    4. Trying a variety of approaches to a clinical problem and settling on the approach that is effective more often than not.


Definition of research utilization (p. 4)

  1. Which of the following is the best definition of research utilization?
    1. Applying research findings from individual studies to practice.
    2. Analyzing multiple research studies to synthesize findings.
    3. Appreciating the importance of clinical decision making.
    4. Using previous personal experience to build confidence.


Definition of EBP (pp. 4-5)

  1. Which of the following is the best definition of evidence-based practice (EBP)?
    1. Application of research findings based on scientific theories in a clinical setting.
    2. Research studies that correspond to nationally established priorities for healthcare, conducted by experts in their fields.
    3. Use of theory-derived, research-based information in making decisions about health care delivery, with consideration of individual needs and preferences and the clinical expertise of the provider.
    4. Using the individual health care provider’s perception of truth without conscious attention or reasoning.


Difference between research utilization and EBP (pp. 4-5)

  1. Which of the following best describes the difference between research utilization and EBP?
    1. Research utilization is a process of evaluating multiple studies for the most generalizable findings; EBP is use of the most recent study on a topic.
    2. Research utilization involves changing practice based on findings of a single research study; EBP is the syntheses of findings from multiple studies to incorporate with practitioner skills and client preference to determine best care.
    3. Research utilization is the application of research findings to health care practice; EBP is considered in selecting medication options.
    4. Research utilization is review of research publications; EBP is using the healthcare provider’s perception of what care would be best in individual situations.


Evidence from other disciplines (p. 6)

  1. In what way can evidence from disciplines other than nursing be helpful?
    1. Theory based non-nursing evidence can provide a basis on which to build new evidence.
    2. Non-nursing evidence supports the use of nursing knowledge obtained by trial and error.
    3. Clinical decision making can be based on findings from single non-nursing research studies.
    4. All evidence is equally important to the practice of nursing.


Identification of sources of evidence (p. 6)

  1. You are a new nurse working at XYZ hospital. Your preceptor tells you to dangle Ms. Jones’ legs on the side of the bed before you attempt to assist her to a chair. You ask your preceptor why this is done and she answers, “This is what we have always doneRemember, go do it.” This is an example of which type of evidence?
    1. Trial and error
    2. Intuition
    3. Borrowed evidence
    4. Tradition


Identification of sources of evidence (p. 6)

  1. You are a new nurse working at XYZ hospital. Your preceptor tells you to dangle Ms. Jones’ legs on the side of the bed before you attempt to assist her to a chair. You ask your preceptor why this is done and she answers, “Because I said so.” This is an example of which type of evidence?
    1. Intuition
    2. Tradition
    3. Authority
    4. Borrowed evidence


Identification of sources of evidence (p. 6)

  1. Trial and error is not a preferred approach for delivering nursing care because
    1. it is not based on systematic scientific approaches.
    2. it is not a sanctioned method by the American Nurses Association.
    3. it is based only on intuition and therefore not scientifically based.
    4. patient outcomes are always based only on level 1 evidence.


Identification of sources of evidence (p. 8)

  1. Many nurses in clinical settings base nursing interventions on information obtained from
    1. level 1 evidence.
    2. individual research studies.
    3. colleagues.
    4. the American Nurses Association.


Barriers to adopting EBP (p. 8)

  1.  Studies have shown that the reasons that nurses do not draw on research are related to
    1. communication problems.
    2. individual and organizational factors.
    3. personal disinterest.
    4. rapid organizational changes.


Environment for EBP to flourish (p. 11)

  1. Which of the following promotes consistent EBP practice changes in an institution?
    1. Clinical experts such as Advanced Practice Nurses (APNs) should be the authority for any change in practices.
    2. Change champions are needed on each work shift to facilitate practice changes.
    3. Nurse managers must mandate research within healthcare institutions.
  1. Opinion leaders should enforce adherence to their opinions.


Environment for EBP to flourish (p. 10)

  1. One method for overcoming a lack of resources to access evidence is to
    1. devote 15 minutes a day to reading evidence related to a clinical problem.
    2. attend conferences where clinical research is presented
    3. bookmark important Web sites that are sources of clinical guidelines.
    4. collaborate with a nursing program for access to resources.


Barriers to adopting EBP (p. 9)

  1. What steps can be taken to overcome the time barrier to adopting an EBP?
    1. Devote 15 minutes a day to reading evidence related to a clinical problem.
    2. Subscribe to e-mail summaries of research studies in your area of interest.
    3. Take advantage of available technologies to provide quick and convenient access to relevant data and clinical guidelines.
    4. All of the above


Parts of a research article (p. 18)

  1. Which section of a research article provides an overview of the study?
    1. Abstract
    2. Introduction
    3. Review of literature
    4. Theoretical framework


Parts of a research article (pp. 18)

  1. Which section of a research article identifies the problem being studied and includes a purpose statement and background information on the topic?
    1. Discussion section
    2. Introduction
    3. Methods section
    4. Results section


Parts of a research article (p. 19)

  1. A major portion of a research article is the methods section, which includes a discussion of the study design, the sample, and the ____________ collected.
    1. solutions
    2. statistics
    3. data
    4. theories


Parts of a research article (p. 19)

  1. The ____________  section of a research article outlines the methods used to analyze the data and notes the findings.
    1. results
    2. summary
    3. introduction
    4. abstract


Parts of a research article (p. 20)

  1. Which section of a research article provides an interpretation of the study’s results?
    1. Abstract
    2. Introduction
    3. Methods
    4. Discussion


Ethical issues (p. 24)

  1. The first regulations to protect human subjects in medical research studies were proposed by the ____________ in 1973.
    1. American Medical Association
    2. U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare
    3. U.S. Food and Drug Administration
    4. Association of American Universities


Ethical issues (p. 31)

  1. Which of the following forms the basis for ethical conduct in medical research internationally?
    1. Jewish Chronic Disease Hospital study
    2. Nuremberg Code
    3. Tuskegee studies
    4. Willowbrook studies

Short Answer/Fill-in


Identifying types of research


  1. The category of research that addresses why or how phenomena are related is ____________.

Answer: explanatory (p. 15)


  1. ____________ research aims to forecast when certain phenomena will occur.

Answer: predictive (p. 15)


  1. The type of research that analyzes words to focus on the meanings individuals give to their experiences is ____________.

Answer: qualitative (p. 17)


  1. Quantitative research focuses on collecting ____________ evidence, which is evidence gathered through observation using one or more of the five senses.

Answer: empirical (p. 15)


  1. ____________ research is concerned with providing accurate observations of phenomena in natural settings

Answer: descriptive (p. 15)







Multiple choice


EBP levels of collaboration (p. 40)

  1. What are the five EBP levels of collaboration?
    1. OrganizationalRemember,cietal, fraternal, national, and international
    2. Individual, organizational, regional, national, and international
    3. Professional, educational, organizational, regional, and national
    4. Individual, organizationalRemember,cietal, regional, and international


 EBP levels of collaboration (p. 40)

  1. Of the situations listed, which is the best example of collaboration between the levels described in the model of EBP collaboration?
  1. A health care organization funds a group of nurses to attend a research conference related to practice areas that have had less than desirable outcomes in the past year.
  2. An individual nurse searches databases for the best evidence to support practice with a population of clients on a particular unit.
  3. A participant at a national nursing organization conference listens attentively to presenters related to the most relevant topics for the population served.
  4. A staff nurse uses findings from the Joanna Briggs Institute to support an EBP project, evaluates outcomes, and reports the findings at an international conference.


Individual nurse level (pp. 40-41)

  1. What is one step a staff nurse can take to advance EBP at the point of care?
    1. Establish the culture for EBP in institutional settings.
    2. Identify clinical questions related to current nursing practice.
    3. Promote consistent practice changes among different shifts.
    4. Reward nurses involved in EBP and help those who lack involvement.


Individual nurse level (p.  41)

  1. As a staff nurse, what steps can you take to advance EBP as part of your team or unit?
  1. Participate in implementing practice changes based on evidence.
  2. Participate as a member of an EBP project team.
  3. Participate in QI initiatives
  4. All of the above.


Individual nurse level (p.  41)

  1. As a staff nurse, how can you further educate yourself about EBP?
  1. Read evidence related to your area of practice on a regular basis.
  2. Watch what other nurses do.
  3. Follow the example of your supervisor.
  4. Act as a role model for younger staff.


Nurse manager level (p.  41)

  1. How can a nurse manager advance EBP as part of evaluating his or her staff?
  1. Set a good example with own behavior.
  2. Clearly outline goals for the team.
  3. Use performance criteria related to EBP.
  4. Participate in QI initiatives.


Advanced practice nurse level (p.  41)

  1. The advanced practice nurse can work to implement EBP by
  1. Serving as a coach and mentor in EBP.
  2. Locates relevant evidence and synthesizes evidence for practice.
  3. Uses evidence to writes and modify practice standards.
  4. All of the above.


Organizational level (p.  43)

  1. Creating an EBP culture is an example of contribution at the
  1. organizational level.
  2. individual nurse level.
  3. regional level.
  4. international level.


International level (p. 48)

  1. The Cochrane Collaboration and the Joanna Briggs Institute are examples of which EBP collaboration level?
  1. Individual
  2. International
  3. Organizational
  4. Regional


National level (p.  46)

  1. What national organizations can nurses use to locate EBP resources and EBP-based clinical guidelines?
  1. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, National Institute of Nursing Research, National Nursing Practice Network, and specialty nursing organizations.
  2. National Institutes of Health and regional resource centers.
  3. American Nurses Credentialing Center and the American Nurses Association.
  4. Department of Health and Human Services, Sigma Theta Tau International, and the Joanna Briggs Institute.


Ethical guidelines (pp. 50-51)

  1.  Which international code for ethical conduct by physicians conducting biomedical  research followed the Nuremberg Code and provides more specific guidelines?
    1. ANA Code of Ethics
    2. Belmont Report
    3. Code of Federal Regulations
    4. Declaration of Helsinki


Ethical guidelines (p. 52)

  1. Federal regulations mandate the establishment of institutional review boards whose purpose is to
    1. develop guidelines for conducting research.
    2. identify basic ethical principles in conducting research.
    3. review and approve research studies.
    4. provide a code of ethics for conducting research.


Institutional review board (p. 56)

  1. Which type of IRB review is required for research involving vulnerable populations or when there are substantial risks to participants?
    1. Special review
    2. Full review
    3. Expanded review
    4. Expedited review


Institutional review board (p. 56)

  1. A nurse researcher wants to interview parents and their autistic children regarding the children’s sleep patterns.  This study would require which type of IRB review?
    1. Expedited review
    2. Full review
    3. Special review
    4. Exempt from review


Institutional review board (pp. 57-58)

  1. A nurse educator is planning a research study related to experiential learning activities regarding caring for older adults with cognitive changes.  Which type of IRB review is needed?
  1. Exempt from review
  2. Expedited review
  3. Expanded review
  4. Full review


Institutional review board (p. 56)

  1. Research proposals may be eligible for an expedited review by the IRB if they involve minimal risk to participants. This means that
  1. there is a very low risk of harm or discomfort to study participants, no more than that involved in daily life or routine physical or psychological exams.
  2. the study will be based on the analysis of existing specimens or data only.
  3. there is some chance of harm to study participants due to invasive procedures.
  4. the study will only involve subject 18 years or older who have given consent.


Ethical issues (p. 52)

  1. The Belmont Report, issued in 1979, identified the following three ethical principles:
    1. confidentiality, consent, and justice.
    2. autonomyRemember,cial justice, and respect for persons.
    3. beneficence, respect for persons, and justice.
    4. altruism, confidentiality, and consent.


Institutional review board (p. 49)

  1. In regard to IRB criteria, which of the following are included in the category of vulnerable populations?
  1. Fetuses, infants, children, pregnant women
  2. Prisoners, students, females, African Americans
  3. Residents of long-term care facilities, students under the age of 18, infants
  4. Hospitalized adults, illegal aliens, premature infants, children


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