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Foundations in Microbiology 10th Edition Talaro Chess Test Bank

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Foundations in Microbiology 10th Edition Talaro Chess Test Bank

ISBN-13: 978-1259705212

ISBN-10: 1259705218

 

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Foundations in Microbiology 10th Edition Talaro Chess Test Bank

ISBN-13: 978-1259705212

ISBN-10: 1259705218

 

 

 

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Free Nursing Test Questions:

 

Chapter 23 Testbank

 

Student: ___________________________________________________________________________

 

  1. Parasitic helminths have the following characteristics, except

 

 

  1. they are multicellular animals.

 

  1. they have a definitive host where the adult form lives.

 

  1. they have developmental forms that include cysts.

 

  1. they include roundworms.

 

  1. they include tapeworms.

 

  1. Acanthamoeba differs from Naegleria fowleri in that only Acanthamoeba

 

 

  1. is a free-living ameba of freshwaters.

 

  1. enters typically through broken skin or the conjunctiva.

 

  1. is the cause of primary amebic meningoencephalitis.

 

  1. enters through the nasal mucosa.

 

  1. is acquired by swimming in contaminated water.

 

  1. Entamoeba histolytica is acquired by

 

 

  1. ingestion of cysts of the pathogen.

 

  1. contaminated food.

 

  1. contaminated water.

 

  1. sexual contact.

 

  1. All of these choices are correct.

 

  1. Amebiasis is a disease of the

 

 

  1. conjunctiva of the eye.

 

  1. brain and meninges.

 

  1. intestines and often the liver.

 

  1. lung tissue.

 

 

  1. Human asymptomatic carriers are common in

 

 

 

  1. amebiasis and trichomoniasis.

 

 

  1. trypanosomiasis and leishmaniasis.

 

  1. cryptosporidiosis and malaria.

 

  1. Diseases transmitted by vectors include

 

 

 

  1. amebiasis and trichomoniasis.

 

  1. amebic meningoencephalitis.

 

  1. trypanosomiasis and leishmaniasis.

 

  1. cryptosporidiosis and cyclosporiasis.

 

  1. The large intestines of pigs are the primary reservoir of the pathogen that causes

 

 

 

  1. amebiasis and trichomoniasis.

 

  1. amebic meningoencephalitis.

 

  1. trypanosomiasis leishmaniasis.

 

  1. cryptosporidiosis and cyclosporiasis.

 

  1. Which of the following is acquired when amoebas are forced into human nasal passages during swimming?

 

 

  1. Naegleria fowleri

 

  1. Toxoplasma gondii

 

  1. Balantidium coli

 

  1. Giardia lamblia

 

  1. Entamoeba histolytica

 

  1. Which of the following has four pairs of flagella?

 

 

  1. Naegleria fowleri

 

  1. Toxoplasma gondii

 

  1. Balantidium coli

 

  1. Giardia lamblia

 

  1. Entamoeba histolytica

 

  1. Which of the following is an apicomplexan parasite?

 

 

  1. Naegleria fowleri

 

  1. Toxoplasma gondii

 

  1. Balantidium coli

 

  1. Giardia lamblia

 

  1. Entamoeba histolytica

 

  1. Which of the following is a sexually-transmitted disease?

 

 

  1. toxoplasmosis

 

  1. trichomoniasis

 

  1. giardiasis

 

  1. malaria

 

  1. balantidiasis

 

  1. Which of the following causes serious congenital disease from transplacental transmission?

 

 

  1. toxoplasmosis

 

  1. trichomoniasis

 

  1. giardiasis

 

  1. malaria

 

  1. balantidiasis

 

  1. All of the following can be transmitted by drinking contaminated water, except

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Amebiasis symptoms include

 

 

  1. bloody, mucus-filled stools, fever, diarrhea, and weight loss.

 

  1. fever, swollen lymph nodes, and joint pain.

 

  1. urinary frequency and pain, and vaginal discharge.

 

  1. chills, fever, and sweating.

 

  1. sore throat, low-grade fever, and swollen lymph nodes.

 

  1. The symptoms that occur in cyclic 48 to 72 hour episodes in a malaria patient are

 

 

  1. bloody, mucus-filled stools, fever, diarrhea, and weight loss.

 

  1. fever, swollen lymph nodes, and joint pain.

 

  1. urinary frequency and pain, and vaginal discharge.

 

  1. chills, fever, and sweating.

 

  1. sore throat, low-grade fever, and swollen lymph nodes.

 

  1. Most patients with toxoplasmosis that are not immunocompromised experience

 

 

  1. bloody, mucus-filled stools, fever, diarrhea, and weight loss.

 

  1. fever, swollen lymph nodes, and joint pain.

 

  1. urinary frequency and pain, and vaginal discharge.

 

  1. chills, fever, and sweating.

 

  1. sore throat, low-grade fever, and swollen lymph nodes.

 

  1. Trichomonas vaginalis

 

 

  1. does not produce cysts.

 

  1. causes urethritis in males.

 

  1. causes vaginitis with a foul-smelling discharge in females.

 

  1. has four flagella and an undulating membrane.

 

  1. All of these choices are correct.

 

  1. Giardiasis involves

 

 

  1. a protozoan that does not form cysts.

 

  1. infection of the large intestine.

 

  1. symptoms of abdominal pain, flatulence, and diarrhea.

 

  1. vector transmission.

 

  1. All of these choices are correct.

 

  1. African sleeping sickness is caused by

 

 

  1. Trypanosoma cruzi.

 

  1. Trypanosoma brucei.

 

  1. Leishmania brasiliensis.

 

  1. Isospora belli.

 

  1. Plasmodium falciparum.

 

  1. Chagas’disease involves transmission of the pathogen by the

 

 

  1. reduviid, “kissing,” bug.

 

  1. tsetse fly.

 

  1. Anopheles

 

  1. phlebotomine (sand) fly.

 

  1. hard-bodied tick.

 

  1. Transmission of the pathogen of leishmaniasis is by the

 

 

  1. reduviid, “kissing,” bug.

 

  1. tsetse fly.

 

  1. Anopheles

 

  1. phlebotomine (sand) fly.

 

  1. hard-bodied tick.

 

  1. The vector involved in African sleeping sickness is the

 

 

  1. reduviid, “kissing,” bug.

 

  1. tsetse fly.

 

  1. Anopheles

 

  1. phlebotomine (sand) fly.

 

  1. hard-bodied tick.

 

  1. The large, fully formed developmental stage of a hemoflagellate is called the

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Which is incorrect about malaria?

 

 

  1. Merozoites enter and multiply in liver cells.

 

  1. Trophozoites develop in RBCs.

 

  1. The mosquito inoculates human blood with sporozoites.

 

  1. Gametocytes enter the mosquito as she draws a blood meal from a human.

 

  1. Strongyloides stercoralis

 

 

  1. is a tapeworm.

 

  1. is ingested with food and does not migrate out of the intestine.

 

  1. rarely causes chronic infection.

 

  1. can cause a fatal disseminated disease in immunosuppressed patients.

 

  1. All of these choices are correct.

 

  1. The parasitic disease, caused by an apicomplexan that involves infected cats in its life cycle is

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Which was the first disease found to be due to a protozoan that is introduced to humans by the bite of a hard body tick?

 

 

  1. cryptosporidiosis

 

  1. babesiosis

 

  1. toxoplasmosis

 

  1. Which apicomplexan has caused outbreaks, associated with fecal-contaminated imported raspberries, and also fresh greens and drinking water?

 

 

  1. cryptosporidiosis

 

  1. cyclosporiasis

 

  1. babesiosis

 

  1. toxoplasmosis

 

  1. Toxoplasmosis includes all the following, except

 

 

  1. ingesting pseudocysts from contaminated raw or undercooked meat.

 

  1. ingesting or inhaling oocysts from infected cats or cat feces.

 

  1. tachyzoites can cross the placenta.

 

  1. immunocompromised patients often develop a fatal, disseminated infection.

 

  1. intrauterine infectious are generally mild with very little damage to fetal tissues.

 

  1. Symptoms of cryptosporidiosis include

 

 

  1. headache, sweating, vomiting, severe abdominal cramps, and diarrhea.

 

  1. a circular rash that appears on the trunk and spreads to the extremities.

 

  1. loss of hair.

 

  1. a red skin papule that spreads to a large ulcer.

 

  1. Which is mismatched?

 

 

  1. whipworm – trematode

 

  1. pinworm – nematode

 

  1. threadworm – nematode

 

  1. fluke – trematode

 

  1. tapeworm – cestode

 

  1. Ascaris lumbricoides

 

 

  1. is an intestinal roundworm.

 

  1. spreads to humans by ingestion of Ascaris eggs in food.

 

  1. larvae penetrate into lymphatics and capillaries around intestines.

 

  1. larvae migrate to the pharynx, get swallowed, and return to intestines to mature.

 

  1. All of these choices are correct.

 

  1. Enterobius vermicularis is

 

 

  1. a whipworm.

 

  1. common only to the tropics and subtropics.

 

  1. an intestinal worm that easily contaminates fingers and fomites.

 

  1. often fatal in heavy infestations.

 

  1. All of these choices are correct.

 

  1. Hookworms

 

 

  1. include Necator americanus.

 

  1. include Ancylostoma duodenale.

 

  1. have filariform larvae in soil that invade by penetrating bare feet.

 

  1. have oral cutting plates by which they anchor to the intestines.

 

  1. All of these choices are correct.

 

  1. Elephantiasis includes all the following, except

 

 

  1. it is caused by filarial nematodes.

 

  1. the parasitic helminth is transmitted by black fly vectors.

 

  1. larval infestation causes blockage of main lymphatic channels.

 

  1. severe edema occurs in the extremities and scrotum.

 

  1. microfilariae are in the blood.

 

  1. River blindness is

 

 

  1. caused by Wuchereria bancrofti.

 

  1. a disease in which worms can invade the eyes.

 

  1. caused by a blood fluke.

 

  1. transmitted by mosquito vector.

 

  1. All of these choices are correct.

 

  1. Trichinellosis includes all the following, except

 

 

  1. humans are infected by ingesting encysted larvae.

 

  1. infection is associated with ingestion of undercooked pork or bear meat.

 

  1. the larvae migrate from intestines to blood and various body tissues.

 

  1. the first symptoms are diarrhea, nausea, fever, and pain.

 

  1. All of these choices are correct.

 

  1. Schistosomiasis involves

 

 

  1. a blood fluke.

 

  1. a life cycle stage which continues when eggs from humans enter water and develop into miracidia.

 

  1. snails which enable development of the parasite into cercaria.

 

  1. cercariae which penetrate hair follicles and pass to the blood and then the liver.

 

  1. All of these choices are correct.

 

  1. Fasciola hepatica is a

 

 

  1. lung fluke.

 

  1. blood fluke.

 

  1. liver fluke.

 

 

  1. filarial worm.

 

  1. All of the following pertain to tapeworms, except the

 

 

  1. scolex is the attachment organ.

 

  1. strobila is made up of proglottids.

 

  1. proglottids are reproductive segments.

 

  1. cysticerci are young infective larvae ingested in undercooked meat.

 

  1. one proglottid segment will have either female or male reproductive organs.

 

  1. Which is mismatched?

 

 

  1. Diphyllobothrium latum – fish

 

  1. Taenia solium – pork

 

  1. Taenia saginata – beef

 

  1. Echinococcus granulosus – poultry

 

  1. Anisakis – fish

 

  1. The form lacking a free flagellum in the developmental stage of a hemoflagellate is called the

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. All of the following will kill Giardia, except

 

 

 

 

  1. filtration through a 1 micron filter.

 

  1. chlorine in typical drinking water.

 

  1. All of these choices are correct.

 

  1. Which of the following is not an effective way to minimize human contact with parasitic helminths?

 

 

  1. freezing foods

 

  1. thoroughly cooking foods

 

  1. proper sewage disposal

 

  1. avoiding human feces as fertilizer

 

  1. All of these choices are correct.

 

  1. Which is not correct about trichinellosis?

 

 

  1. It can be transmitted by eating undercooked pork.

 

  1. It can be transmitted by eating bear meat.

 

  1. Numerous cases occur each year in the United States.

 

  1. The first symptoms mimic influenza.

 

  1. A cure is not available once the larvae have encysted in muscles.

 

  1. Which parasite is carried by Cyclops, an arthropod commonly found in still water?

 

 

  1. Schistosoma mansoni

 

  1. Dracunculus medinesis

 

  1. Fasciola hepatica

 

  1. Taenia saginata

 

  1. Toxoplasma gondii

 

  1. Pregnant women should never change cat litter due to the risk of contracting

 

 

 

 

 

  1. amebic dysentery.

 

  1. Chagas’disease.

 

  1. Which is not correct about kala azar?

 

 

  1. It is fatal in untreated cases.

 

  1. Chemotherapy with chloroquine is usually effective.

 

  1. Death is partly due to anemia, destruction of blood-forming tissues, and secondary infections.

 

  1. It is transmitted by the sand fly.

 

  1. It is a form of leishmaniasis.

 

  1. The larval forms of certain Taenia species, which typically infest muscles of mammalian intermediate hosts are also called

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Trichinella spiralis is a/an _________ that invades the __________.

 

 

  1. roundworm; intestine and muscle

 

  1. ameba; intestine

 

  1. flagellate; large intestine

 

  1. flatworm; heart

 

  1. tapeworm; lungs

 

  1. Which of the following relationships is mismatched?

 

 

  1. brucei gambiense and Gambian sleeping sickness

 

  1. brucei rhodesiense and West African sleeping sickness

 

  1. tsetse fly and African sleeping sickness

 

  1. Taenia solium and swine

 

  1. black flies and Onchocera volvulus

 

  1. Only feces from humans that contaminates food and water can be involved in transmission of amebiasis.

 

True False

 

  1. Chagas’disease is treated with chloroquine.

 

True False

 

  1. A person carrying one gene for sickle-cell hemoglobin will be resistant to Plasmodium

 

True False

 

  1. Boiling will not kill Giardia lamblia cysts in contaminated water.

 

True False

 

  1. Plasmodium species are hemoflagellates.

 

True False

 

  1. In temperate zones, pinworms are the most common helminth infection.

 

True False

 

  1. Hookworms and threadworms usually enter the body by penetrating into the skin.

 

True False

 

  1. Loa Loa is an intestinal roundworm transmitted by contaminated food.

 

True False

 

  1. Hermaphroditic helminth species have separate male and female worms.

 

True False

 

  1. Many protozoan species can form a _____ that can survive for periods outside a host.

 

________________________________________

 

  1. An amoeba trophozoite with visible ingested RBCs that is seen in a microscopic examination of a fecal smear would likely be the pathogen _____.

 

________________________________________

 

  1. Trypanosoma and Leishmania are called _____ because they often live in the blood and tissues of their hosts.

 

________________________________________

 

  1. The most deadly form of systemic leishmaniasis is called _____.

 

________________________________________

 

  1. Control of _____ revolves around mosquito control and methods to prevent human-mosquito contact.

 

________________________________________

 

  1. Eggs and larva are developmental forms of various parasites called _____.

 

________________________________________

 

  1. The active, feeding form of a protozoan is called the _____.

 

________________________________________

 

  1. Describe the life cycle of Plasmodium and malaria epidemiology including: a) developmental forms and respective hosts/host cells, b) transmission, c) human disease and symptoms, d) treatment, and e) prevention.

 

  1. Compare and contrast giardiasis and amebiasis with regard to: a) causative agent, b) transmission, c) infection site in body, d) signs and symptoms, e) prevention, and f) treatment.

 

  1. Discuss the life cycle of one of the roundworms including: a) developmental forms and corresponding hosts, b) transmission, c) human disease and symptoms, d) treatment, and e) prevention.

 

  1. Write a brief definition of a parasite and parasitology giving specific examples of a fungus, protozoan, and helminth.

 

  1. While on a backpacking trip in Maine, Julie and her friends obtained their drinking water from several different pristine streams, adding one or two drops of bleach to ensure its safety. Several days later Julie began experiencing abdominal distress, specifically cramping, fatty diarrhea, and flatulence. When it didn’t clear up within several days, Julie visited her doctor. Which of the following would be the most likely cause of Julie’s symptoms?

 

  1. Entamoeba histolytica

 

  1. Giardia intestinalis

 

  1. coli O157:H7

 

  1. Schistosoma mansoni

 

  1. Toxoplasma gondii

 

  1. Anna recently learned that she is pregnant and is visiting her doctor for her first prenatal visit. Among the many pieces of advice offered to ensure a safe pregnancy, the doctor specifically told Anna to avoid eating any rare meats, including steaks and roast beef, and to avoid changing her cat’s litter box. These words of caution were primarily directed at avoiding contact with

 

  1. coli O157:H7.

 

  1. Taenia saginata.

 

 

  1. Toxoplasma gondii.

 

  1. What specific challenge does Trypanosoma brucei present to the immune system?

 

 

  1. It frequently changes its antigens, staying one step ahead of the host’s antibody response.

 

  1. It specifically attacks B-lymphocytes preventing activation and antibody production.

 

  1. It specifically attacks T-lymphocytes preventing their activation and crippling the cell-mediated immune response.

 

  1. Its antigens are not recognized by B and T-lymphocytes so these host defense cells don’t respond to the infection.

 

  1. Adam, a once active normal three-year old boy, was experiencing increasing bouts of lethargy and began to regress developmentally. His mother scheduled an appointment with his pediatrician, who ordered a number of different blood tests. The most notable blood test result that piqued the physician’s interest was a pronounced eosinophilia. Which of the following would be most likely to cause this abnormality?

 

  1. infection with Giardia intestinalis

 

  1. infection with a parasitic helminth

 

  1. malaria

 

  1. infection with Cryptosporidium spp.

 

  1. viral infection

 

  1. Which of the following parasites must be swallowed twice by the human host, first as an egg and later as a larva?

 

  1. Ascaris lumbricoides

 

  1. Necatur americanus

 

  1. Taenia saginata

 

  1. Enterobius vermicularis

 

  1. Schistosoma mansoni

 

  1. Diseases such as malaria, dengue fever, and Chagas’disease may be spread by any blood-sucking arthropod.

 

True False

 

  1. Recent strategies for control and containing the spread of river blindness include

 

  1. antiprotozoan drugs such as metronidazole.

 

  1. insecticides to decrease the blackfly population.

 

  1. filtering water through nylon sieves to remove Cyclops.

 

  1. antihelmintic drugs such as ivermectin to destroy the larval worms.

 

  1. antibiotics to inhibit bacterial endosymbionts within Onchocerca volvulus.

 

  1. Which animals serve as intermediate hosts for human schistosomes?

 

 

  1. mosquitoes

 

  1. fish

 

  1. reduviid bugs

 

  1. snails

 

  1. humans

Chapter 23 Testbank Key

 

 

  1. Parasitic helminths have the following characteristics, except

 

 

  1. they are multicellular animals.

 

  1. they have a definitive host where the adult form lives.

 

  1. they have developmental forms that include cysts.

 

  1. they include roundworms.

 

  1. they include tapeworms.

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 02. Understand

 

Learning Outcome: 23.21 Distinguish between intermediate hosts and definitive hosts.

 

Section: 23.05

 

Topic: Flatworm Infections

 

Topic: Gastrointestinal System Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

 

Topic: Roundworm Infections

 

Topic: Systemic (Cardiovascular/Lymphatic) Infections

  1. Acanthamoeba differs from Naegleria fowleri in that only Acanthamoeba

 

 

  1. is a free-living ameba of freshwaters.

 

  1. enters typically through broken skin or the conjunctiva.

 

  1. is the cause of primary amebic meningoencephalitis.

 

  1. enters through the nasal mucosa.

 

  1. is acquired by swimming in contaminated water.

 

ASM Objective: 02.04 While microscopic eukaryotes (for example, fungi, protozoa, and algae) carry out some of the same processes as bacteria, many of the cellular properties are fundamentally different.

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

ASM Topic: Module 02 Structure and Function

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 02. Understand

 

Learning Outcome: 23.03 Identify the amoebas generally seen as human pathogens and the portals of entry for each.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.05 Contrast the pathogenesis, treatments, and common outcomes of Entamoeba, Naegleria, and Acanthoamoeba infections.

 

Section: 23.02

 

Topic: Amoeba Infections

 

Topic: Nervous System Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

  1. Entamoeba histolytica is acquired by

 

 

  1. ingestion of cysts of the pathogen.

 

  1. contaminated food.

 

  1. contaminated water.

 

  1. sexual contact.

 

  1. All of these choices are correct.

 

ASM Objective: 02.04 While microscopic eukaryotes (for example, fungi, protozoa, and algae) carry out some of the same processes as bacteria, many of the cellular properties are fundamentally different.

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 02 Structure and Function

 

Bloom’s Level: 02. Understand

 

Learning Outcome: 23.03 Identify the amoebas generally seen as human pathogens and the portals of entry for each.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.04 Depict the life cycle seen in Entamoeba histolytica infection.

 

Section: 23.02

 

Topic: Amoeba Infections

 

Topic: Gastrointestinal System Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

  1. Amebiasis is a disease of the

 

 

  1. conjunctiva of the eye.

 

  1. brain and meninges.

 

  1. intestines and often the liver.

 

  1. lung tissue.

 

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 01. Remember

 

Learning Outcome: 23.03 Identify the amoebas generally seen as human pathogens and the portals of entry for each.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.04 Depict the life cycle seen in Entamoeba histolytica infection.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.05 Contrast the pathogenesis, treatments, and common outcomes of Entamoeba, Naegleria, and Acanthoamoeba infections.

 

Section: 23.02

 

Topic: Amoeba Infections

Topic: Gastrointestinal System Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

  1. Human asymptomatic carriers are common in

 

 

 

  1. amebiasis and trichomoniasis.

 

 

  1. trypanosomiasis and leishmaniasis.

 

  1. cryptosporidiosis and malaria.

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 02. Understand

 

Learning Outcome: 23.01 Describe the changing epidemiology of parasitic disease.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.05 Contrast the pathogenesis, treatments, and common outcomes of Entamoeba, Naegleria, and Acanthoamoeba infections.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.07 Describe the important characteristics of Trichomonas vaginalis and the pathology of infection.

 

Section: 23.01

 

Section: 23.02

 

Section: 23.03

 

Topic: Amoeba Infections

 

Topic: Flagellate Infections

 

Topic: Gastrointestinal System Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

 

Topic: Urogenital System Infections

  1. Diseases transmitted by vectors include

 

 

 

  1. amebiasis and trichomoniasis.

 

  1. amebic meningoencephalitis.

 

  1. trypanosomiasis and leishmaniasis.

 

  1. cryptosporidiosis and cyclosporiasis.

 

ASM Objective: 04.03 The regulation of gene expression is influenced by external and internal molecular cues and/or signals.

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 02. Understand

 

Learning Outcome: 23.10 Compare the vectors involved in sleeping sickness, Chagas disease, and leishmaniasis.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.11 Compare the pathologies of sleeping sickness, Chagas disease, and leishmaniasis.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.34 Differentiate among the arthropod vectors of disease.

 

Section: 23.03

 

Topic: Arthropod Vectors

 

Topic: Flagellate Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

 

Topic: Systemic (Cardiovascular/Lymphatic) Infections

  1. The large intestines of pigs are the primary reservoir of the pathogen that causes

 

 

 

  1. amebiasis and trichomoniasis.

 

  1. amebic meningoencephalitis.

 

  1. trypanosomiasis leishmaniasis.

 

  1. cryptosporidiosis and cyclosporiasis.

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 01. Remember

 

Learning Outcome: 23.06 Classify and describe the important characteristics of Balantidium coli.

 

Section: 23.02

 

Topic: Gastrointestinal System Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

  1. Which of the following is acquired when amoebas are forced into human nasal passages during swimming?

 

 

  1. Naegleria fowleri

 

  1. Toxoplasma gondii

 

  1. Balantidium coli

 

  1. Giardia lamblia

 

  1. Entamoeba histolytica

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 01. Remember

 

Learning Outcome: 23.03 Identify the amoebas generally seen as human pathogens and the portals of entry for each.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.05 Contrast the pathogenesis, treatments, and common outcomes of Entamoeba, Naegleria, and Acanthoamoeba infections.

 

Section: 23.02

 

Topic: Amoeba Infections

 

Topic: Nervous System Infections

Topic: Parasitology

 

Topic: Taxonomy of Microorganisms

  1. Which of the following has four pairs of flagella?

 

 

  1. Naegleria fowleri

 

  1. Toxoplasma gondii

 

  1. Balantidium coli

 

  1. Giardia lamblia

 

  1. Entamoeba histolytica

 

ASM Objective: 02.01 The structure and function of microorganisms have been revealed by the use of microscopy (including bright field, phase contrast, fluorescent, and electron).

 

ASM Objective: 02.04 While microscopic eukaryotes (for example, fungi, protozoa, and algae) carry out some of the same processes as bacteria, many of the cellular properties are fundamentally different.

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 02 Structure and Function

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 01. Remember

 

Learning Outcome: 23.08 Understand the importance of cysts to the transmission of Giardia.

 

Section: 23.03

 

Topic: Flagellate Infections

 

Topic: Gastrointestinal System Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

  1. Which of the following is an apicomplexan parasite?

 

 

  1. Naegleria fowleri

 

  1. Toxoplasma gondii

 

  1. Balantidium coli

 

  1. Giardia lamblia

 

  1. Entamoeba histolytica

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

Bloom’s Level: 01. Remember

 

Learning Outcome: 23.02 Recall the identifying attributes of the four commonly recognized groups of protozoa.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.12 Recall the most important apicomplexan parasites.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.17 Describe the life cycle of Toxoplasma gondii.

 

Section: 23.04

 

Topic: Apicomplexan Infections

 

Topic: Nervous System Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

  1. Which of the following is a sexually-transmitted disease?

 

 

  1. toxoplasmosis

 

  1. trichomoniasis

 

  1. giardiasis

 

  1. malaria

 

  1. balantidiasis

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 01. Remember

 

Learning Outcome: 23.07 Describe the important characteristics of Trichomonas vaginalis and the pathology of infection.

 

Section: 23.03

 

Topic: Flagellate Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

 

Topic: Urogenital System Infections

  1. Which of the following causes serious congenital disease from transplacental transmission?

 

 

  1. toxoplasmosis

 

  1. trichomoniasis

 

  1. giardiasis

 

  1. malaria

 

  1. balantidiasis

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 01. Remember

 

Learning Outcome: 23.17 Describe the life cycle of Toxoplasma gondii.

 

Section: 23.04

 

Topic: Apicomplexan Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

 

Topic: Systemic (Cardiovascular/Lymphatic) Infections

 

Topic: Taxonomy of Microorganisms

  1. All of the following can be transmitted by drinking contaminated water, except

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 02. Understand

 

Learning Outcome: 23.06 Classify and describe the important characteristics of Balantidium coli.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.08 Understand the importance of cysts to the transmission of Giardia.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.18 Explain the occasional presence of Cryptosporidium in domestic water sources.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.19 Relate Sarcocystis, Cystoisospora, Cyclospora, and Babesia to their specific route of infection.

 

Section: 23.04

 

Topic: Apicomplexan Infections

 

Topic: Flagellate Infections

 

Topic: Gastrointestinal System Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

  1. Amebiasis symptoms include

 

 

  1. bloody, mucus-filled stools, fever, diarrhea, and weight loss.

 

  1. fever, swollen lymph nodes, and joint pain.

 

  1. urinary frequency and pain, and vaginal discharge.

 

  1. chills, fever, and sweating.

 

  1. sore throat, low-grade fever, and swollen lymph nodes.

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 02. Understand

 

Learning Outcome: 23.03 Identify the amoebas generally seen as human pathogens and the portals of entry for each.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.04 Depict the life cycle seen in Entamoeba histolytica infection.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.05 Contrast the pathogenesis, treatments, and common outcomes of Entamoeba, Naegleria, and Acanthoamoeba infections.

 

Section: 23.02

 

Topic: Amoeba Infections

 

Topic: Gastrointestinal System Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

  1. The symptoms that occur in cyclic 48 to 72 hour episodes in a malaria patient are

 

 

  1. bloody, mucus-filled stools, fever, diarrhea, and weight loss.

 

  1. fever, swollen lymph nodes, and joint pain.

 

  1. urinary frequency and pain, and vaginal discharge.

 

  1. chills, fever, and sweating.

 

  1. sore throat, low-grade fever, and swollen lymph nodes.

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 02. Understand

 

Learning Outcome: 23.12 Recall the most important apicomplexan parasites.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.14 Diagram the life cycle of Plasmodium.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.15 Describe the pathogenesis of malaria.

 

Section: 23.04

Topic: Apicomplexan Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

 

Topic: Systemic (Cardiovascular/Lymphatic) Infections

  1. Most patients with toxoplasmosis that are not immunocompromised experience

 

 

  1. bloody, mucus-filled stools, fever, diarrhea, and weight loss.

 

  1. fever, swollen lymph nodes, and joint pain.

 

  1. urinary frequency and pain, and vaginal discharge.

 

  1. chills, fever, and sweating.

 

  1. sore throat, low-grade fever, and swollen lymph nodes.

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 02. Understand

 

Learning Outcome: 23.05 Contrast the pathogenesis, treatments, and common outcomes of Entamoeba, Naegleria, and Acanthoamoeba infections.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.17 Describe the life cycle of Toxoplasma gondii.

 

Section: 23.04

Topic: Apicomplexan Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

 

Topic: Systemic (Cardiovascular/Lymphatic) Infections

  1. Trichomonas vaginalis

 

 

  1. does not produce cysts.

 

  1. causes urethritis in males.

 

  1. causes vaginitis with a foul-smelling discharge in females.

 

  1. has four flagella and an undulating membrane.

 

  1. All of these choices are correct.

 

ASM Objective: 02.01 The structure and function of microorganisms have been revealed by the use of microscopy (including bright field, phase contrast, fluorescent, and electron).

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 02 Structure and Function

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 02. Understand

 

Learning Outcome: 23.07 Describe the important characteristics of Trichomonas vaginalis and the pathology of infection.

 

Section: 23.03

 

Topic: Flagellate Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

 

Topic: Urogenital System Infections

  1. Giardiasis involves

 

 

  1. a protozoan that does not form cysts.

 

  1. infection of the large intestine.

 

  1. symptoms of abdominal pain, flatulence, and diarrhea.

 

  1. vector transmission.

 

  1. All of these choices are correct.

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 01. Remember

 

Learning Outcome: 23.08 Understand the importance of cysts to the transmission of Giardia.

 

Section: 23.03

 

Topic: Flagellate Infections

 

Topic: Gastrointestinal System Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

  1. African sleeping sickness is caused by

 

 

  1. Trypanosoma cruzi.

 

  1. Trypanosoma brucei.

 

  1. Leishmania brasiliensis.

 

  1. Isospora belli.

 

  1. Plasmodium falciparum.

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 01. Remember

 

Learning Outcome: 23.10 Compare the vectors involved in sleeping sickness, Chagas disease, and leishmaniasis.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.11 Compare the pathologies of sleeping sickness, Chagas disease, and leishmaniasis.

 

Section: 23.03

 

Topic: Flagellate Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

 

Topic: Systemic (Cardiovascular/Lymphatic) Infections

  1. Chagas’disease involves transmission of the pathogen by the

 

 

  1. reduviid, “kissing,” bug.

 

  1. tsetse fly.

 

  1. Anopheles

 

  1. phlebotomine (sand) fly.

 

  1. hard-bodied tick.

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 01. Remember

 

Learning Outcome: 23.09 Describe the four developmental stages of hemoflagellates, and identify those stages that are infectious.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.10 Compare the vectors involved in sleeping sickness, Chagas disease, and leishmaniasis.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.11 Compare the pathologies of sleeping sickness, Chagas disease, and leishmaniasis.

 

Section: 23.03

 

Topic: Arthropod Vectors

 

Topic: Flagellate Infections

 

Topic: Systemic (Cardiovascular/Lymphatic) Infections

  1. Transmission of the pathogen of leishmaniasis is by the

 

 

  1. reduviid, “kissing,” bug.

 

  1. tsetse fly.

 

  1. Anopheles

 

  1. phlebotomine (sand) fly.

 

  1. hard-bodied tick.

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 01. Remember

 

Learning Outcome: 23.09 Describe the four developmental stages of hemoflagellates, and identify those stages that are infectious.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.10 Compare the vectors involved in sleeping sickness, Chagas disease, and leishmaniasis.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.11 Compare the pathologies of sleeping sickness, Chagas disease, and leishmaniasis.

 

Section: 23.03

 

Topic: Arthropod Vectors

 

Topic: Flagellate Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

 

Topic: Systemic (Cardiovascular/Lymphatic) Infections

  1. The vector involved in African sleeping sickness is the

 

 

  1. reduviid, “kissing,” bug.

 

  1. tsetse fly.

 

  1. Anopheles

 

  1. phlebotomine (sand) fly.

 

  1. hard-bodied tick.

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 01. Remember

 

Learning Outcome: 23.09 Describe the four developmental stages of hemoflagellates, and identify those stages that are infectious.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.10 Compare the vectors involved in sleeping sickness, Chagas disease, and leishmaniasis.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.11 Compare the pathologies of sleeping sickness, Chagas disease, and leishmaniasis.

 

Section: 23.03

 

Topic: Arthropod Vectors

 

Topic: Flagellate Infections

 

Topic: Nervous System Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

 

Topic: Systemic (Cardiovascular/Lymphatic) Infections

  1. The large, fully formed developmental stage of a hemoflagellate is called the

 

 

 

 

 

 

ASM Objective: 02.04 While microscopic eukaryotes (for example, fungi, protozoa, and algae) carry out some of the same processes as bacteria, many of the cellular properties are fundamentally different.

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 02 Structure and Function

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 02. Understand

 

Learning Outcome: 23.09 Describe the four developmental stages of hemoflagellates, and identify those stages that are infectious.

 

Section: 23.03

 

Topic: Flagellate Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

 

Topic: Systemic (Cardiovascular/Lymphatic) Infections

  1. Which is incorrect about malaria?

 

 

  1. Merozoites enter and multiply in liver cells.

 

  1. Trophozoites develop in RBCs.

 

  1. The mosquito inoculates human blood with sporozoites.

 

  1. Gametocytes enter the mosquito as she draws a blood meal from a human.

 

ASM Objective: 02.04 While microscopic eukaryotes (for example, fungi, protozoa, and algae) carry out some of the same processes as bacteria, many of the cellular properties are fundamentally different.

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 02 Structure and Function

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 02. Understand

 

Learning Outcome: 23.14 Diagram the life cycle of Plasmodium.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.15 Describe the pathogenesis of malaria.

 

Section: 23.04

 

Topic: Apicomplexan Infections

 

Topic: Arthropod Vectors

 

Topic: Parasitology

 

Topic: Systemic (Cardiovascular/Lymphatic) Infections

  1. Strongyloides stercoralis

 

 

  1. is a tapeworm.

 

  1. is ingested with food and does not migrate out of the intestine.

 

  1. rarely causes chronic infection.

 

  1. can cause a fatal disseminated disease in immunosuppressed patients.

 

  1. All of these choices are correct.

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 02. Understand

 

Learning Outcome: 23.22 Describe the four basic helminth transmission cycles.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.24 Identify the transmission cycle of each of the most common intestinal nematodes.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.25 Summarize the mode of infestation and pathology of Necator, Strongyloides, and Trichinella.

 

Section: 23.05

 

Section: 23.06

 

Topic: Gastrointestinal System Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

 

Topic: Roundworm Infections

  1. The parasitic disease, caused by an apicomplexan that involves infected cats in its life cycle is

 

 

 

 

 

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 01. Remember

 

Learning Outcome: 23.17 Describe the life cycle of Toxoplasma gondii.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.18 Explain the occasional presence of Cryptosporidium in domestic water sources.

Learning Outcome: 23.19 Relate Sarcocystis, Cystoisospora, Cyclospora, and Babesia to their specific route of infection.

 

Section: 23.04

 

Topic: Apicomplexan Infections

 

Topic: Gastrointestinal System Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

 

Topic: Systemic (Cardiovascular/Lymphatic) Infections

  1. Which was the first disease found to be due to a protozoan that is introduced to humans by the bite of a hard body tick?

 

 

  1. cryptosporidiosis

 

  1. babesiosis

 

  1. toxoplasmosis

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 01. Remember

 

Learning Outcome: 23.19 Relate Sarcocystis, Cystoisospora, Cyclospora, and Babesia to their specific route of infection.

 

Section: 23.04

 

Topic: Apicomplexan Infections

 

Topic: Arthropod Vectors

 

Topic: Parasitology

 

Topic: Systemic (Cardiovascular/Lymphatic) Infections

 

  1. Which apicomplexan has caused outbreaks, associated with fecal-contaminated imported raspberries, and also fresh greens and drinking water?

 

 

  1. cryptosporidiosis

 

  1. cyclosporiasis

 

  1. babesiosis

 

  1. toxoplasmosis

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 01. Remember

 

Learning Outcome: 23.19 Relate Sarcocystis, Cystoisospora, Cyclospora, and Babesia to their specific route of infection.

 

Section: 23.04

 

Topic: Apicomplexan Infections

 

Topic: Gastrointestinal System Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

  1. Toxoplasmosis includes all the following, except

 

 

  1. ingesting pseudocysts from contaminated raw or undercooked meat.

 

  1. ingesting or inhaling oocysts from infected cats or cat feces.

 

  1. tachyzoites can cross the placenta.

 

  1. immunocompromised patients often develop a fatal, disseminated infection.

 

  1. intrauterine infectious are generally mild with very little damage to fetal tissues.

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 02. Understand

 

Learning Outcome: 23.17 Describe the life cycle of Toxoplasma gondii.

 

Section: 23.04

 

Topic: Apicomplexan Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

 

Topic: Systemic (Cardiovascular/Lymphatic) Infections

  1. Symptoms of cryptosporidiosis include

 

 

  1. headache, sweating, vomiting, severe abdominal cramps, and diarrhea.

 

  1. a circular rash that appears on the trunk and spreads to the extremities.

 

  1. loss of hair.

 

  1. a red skin papule that spreads to a large ulcer.

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 02. Understand

 

Learning Outcome: 23.18 Explain the occasional presence of Cryptosporidium in domestic water sources.

 

Section: 23.04

 

Topic: Apicomplexan Infections

 

Topic: Gastrointestinal System Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

  1. Which is mismatched?

 

 

  1. whipworm – trematode

 

  1. pinworm – nematode

 

  1. threadworm – nematode

 

  1. fluke – trematode

 

  1. tapeworm – cestode

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 01. Remember

Learning Outcome: 23.20 Recall the categories of parasitic helminths.

 

Section: 23.05

 

Topic: Flatworm Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

 

Topic: Roundworm Infections

  1. Ascaris lumbricoides

 

 

  1. is an intestinal roundworm.

 

  1. spreads to humans by ingestion of Ascaris eggs in food.

 

  1. larvae penetrate into lymphatics and capillaries around intestines.

 

  1. larvae migrate to the pharynx, get swallowed, and return to intestines to mature.

 

  1. All of these choices are correct.

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 02. Understand

 

Learning Outcome: 23.22 Describe the four basic helminth transmission cycles.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.24 Identify the transmission cycle of each of the most common intestinal nematodes.

 

Section: 23.06

 

Topic: Gastrointestinal System Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

 

Topic: Roundworm Infections

  1. Enterobius vermicularis is

 

 

  1. a whipworm.

 

  1. common only to the tropics and subtropics.

 

  1. an intestinal worm that easily contaminates fingers and fomites.

 

  1. often fatal in heavy infestations.

 

  1. All of these choices are correct.

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 02. Understand

 

Learning Outcome: 23.22 Describe the four basic helminth transmission cycles.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.24 Identify the transmission cycle of each of the most common intestinal nematodes.

 

Section: 23.05

 

Section: 23.06

 

Topic: Gastrointestinal System Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

 

Topic: Roundworm Infections

  1. Hookworms

 

 

  1. include Necator americanus.

 

  1. include Ancylostoma duodenale.

 

  1. have filariform larvae in soil that invade by penetrating bare feet.

 

  1. have oral cutting plates by which they anchor to the intestines.

 

  1. All of these choices are correct.

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 02. Understand

 

Learning Outcome: 23.24 Identify the transmission cycle of each of the most common intestinal nematodes.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.25 Summarize the mode of infestation and pathology of Necator, Strongyloides, and Trichinella.

 

Section: 23.06

 

Topic: Gastrointestinal System Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

 

Topic: Roundworm Infections

  1. Elephantiasis includes all the following, except

 

 

  1. it is caused by filarial nematodes.

 

  1. the parasitic helminth is transmitted by black fly vectors.

 

  1. larval infestation causes blockage of main lymphatic channels.

 

  1. severe edema occurs in the extremities and scrotum.

 

  1. microfilariae are in the blood.

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 02. Understand

 

Learning Outcome: 23.27 Differentiate between tissue nematodes and intestinal nematodes.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.28 List the vectors associated with each of the common filarial worms.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.29 Describe the signs and symptoms associated with the most common tissue nematodes.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.34 Differentiate among the arthropod vectors of disease.

 

Section: 23.06

 

Topic: Arthropod Vectors

 

Topic: Parasitology

 

Topic: Roundworm Infections

  1. River blindness is

 

 

  1. caused by Wuchereria bancrofti.

 

  1. a disease in which worms can invade the eyes.

 

  1. caused by a blood fluke.

 

  1. transmitted by mosquito vector.

 

  1. All of these choices are correct.

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 02. Understand

 

Learning Outcome: 23.27 Differentiate between tissue nematodes and intestinal nematodes.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.28 List the vectors associated with each of the common filarial worms.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.29 Describe the signs and symptoms associated with the most common tissue nematodes.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.34 Differentiate among the arthropod vectors of disease.

 

Section: 23.06

 

Topic: Arthropod Vectors

 

Topic: Parasitology

 

Topic: Roundworm Infections

  1. Trichinellosis includes all the following, except

 

  1. humans are infected by ingesting encysted larvae.

 

  1. infection is associated with ingestion of undercooked pork or bear meat.

 

  1. the larvae migrate from intestines to blood and various body tissues.

 

  1. the first symptoms are diarrhea, nausea, fever, and pain.

 

  1. All of these choices are correct.

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 02. Understand

 

Learning Outcome: 23.22 Describe the four basic helminth transmission cycles.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.25 Summarize the mode of infestation and pathology of Necator, Strongyloides, and Trichinella.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.26 Identify risk factors for contracting trichinellosis, and list several preventative measures.

 

Section: 23.06

 

Topic: Gastrointestinal System Infections

 

Topic: Muscular System Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

 

Topic: Roundworm Infections

  1. Schistosomiasis involves

 

 

  1. a blood fluke.

 

  1. a life cycle stage which continues when eggs from humans enter water and develop into miracidia.

 

  1. snails which enable development of the parasite into cercaria.

 

  1. cercariae which penetrate hair follicles and pass to the blood and then the liver.

 

  1. All of these choices are correct.

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 02. Understand

 

Learning Outcome: 23.30 Identify the intermediate and definitive hosts in trematode infestation.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.31 Recall the stages of the Schistosoma life cycle.

 

Section: 23.07

 

Topic: Flatworm Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

 

Topic: Systemic (Cardiovascular/Lymphatic) Infections

  1. Fasciola hepatica is a

 

 

  1. lung fluke.

 

  1. blood fluke.

 

  1. liver fluke.

 

 

  1. filarial worm.

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 01. Remember

 

Learning Outcome: 23.30 Identify the intermediate and definitive hosts in trematode infestation.

 

Section: 23.07

 

Topic: Flatworm Infections

 

Topic: Gastrointestinal System Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

  1. All of the following pertain to tapeworms, except the

 

 

  1. scolex is the attachment organ.

 

  1. strobila is made up of proglottids.

 

  1. proglottids are reproductive segments.

 

  1. cysticerci are young infective larvae ingested in undercooked meat.

 

  1. one proglottid segment will have either female or male reproductive organs.

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 02. Understand

Learning Outcome: 23.32 Discuss the anatomical adaptation of tapeworms to their intestinal habitat.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.33 Descibe the major characteristics of Taenia saginata and Taenia solium.

 

Section: 23.07

 

Topic: Flatworm Infections

 

Topic: Gastrointestinal System Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

  1. Which is mismatched?

 

 

  1. Diphyllobothrium latum – fish

 

  1. Taenia solium – pork

 

  1. Taenia saginata – beef

 

  1. Echinococcus granulosus – poultry

 

  1. Anisakis – fish

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 01. Remember

 

Learning Outcome: 23.32 Discuss the anatomical adaptation of tapeworms to their intestinal habitat.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.33 Descibe the major characteristics of Taenia saginata and Taenia solium.

 

Section: 23.07

 

Topic: Flatworm Infections

 

Topic: Gastrointestinal System Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

  1. The form lacking a free flagellum in the developmental stage of a hemoflagellate is called the

 

 

 

 

 

 

ASM Objective: 02.01 The structure and function of microorganisms have been revealed by the use of microscopy (including bright field, phase contrast, fluorescent, and electron).

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 02 Structure and Function

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 01. Remember

 

Learning Outcome: 23.09 Describe the four developmental stages of hemoflagellates, and identify those stages that are infectious.

 

Section: 23.03

 

Topic: Bacterial Cellular Morphology

 

Topic: Flagellate Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

 

Topic: Systemic (Cardiovascular/Lymphatic) Infections

  1. All of the following will kill Giardia, except

 

 

 

 

  1. filtration through a 1 micron filter.

 

  1. chlorine in typical drinking water.

 

  1. All of these choices are correct.

 

ASM Objective: 03.04 The growth of microorganisms can be controlled by physical, chemical, mechanical, or biological means.

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 03 Metabolic Pathways

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 01. Remember

 

Learning Outcome: 23.08 Understand the importance of cysts to the transmission of Giardia.

 

Section: 23.03

 

Topic: Flagellate Infections

 

Topic: Gastrointestinal System Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

  1. Which of the following is not an effective way to minimize human contact with parasitic helminths?

 

 

  1. freezing foods

 

  1. thoroughly cooking foods

 

  1. proper sewage disposal

 

  1. avoiding human feces as fertilizer

 

  1. All of these choices are correct.

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 02. Understand

 

Learning Outcome: 23.23 Describe the strategies used to diagnose and control helminth infection.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.26 Identify risk factors for contracting trichinellosis, and list several preventative measures.

 

Section: 23.05

 

Topic: Flatworm Infections

 

Topic: Gastrointestinal System Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

 

Topic: Roundworm Infections

  1. Which is not correct about trichinellosis?

 

 

  1. It can be transmitted by eating undercooked pork.

 

  1. It can be transmitted by eating bear meat.

 

  1. Numerous cases occur each year in the United States.

 

  1. The first symptoms mimic influenza.

 

  1. A cure is not available once the larvae have encysted in muscles.

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 02. Understand

 

Learning Outcome: 23.25 Summarize the mode of infestation and pathology of Necator, Strongyloides, and Trichinella.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.26 Identify risk factors for contracting trichinellosis, and list several preventative measures.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.29 Describe the signs and symptoms associated with the most common tissue nematodes.

 

Section: 23.06

 

Topic: Gastrointestinal System Infections

 

Topic: Muscular System Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

 

Topic: Roundworm Infections

  1. Which parasite is carried by Cyclops, an arthropod commonly found in still water?

 

 

  1. Schistosoma mansoni

 

  1. Dracunculus medinesis

 

  1. Fasciola hepatica

 

  1. Taenia saginata

 

  1. Toxoplasma gondii

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 01. Remember

 

Learning Outcome: 23.21 Distinguish between intermediate hosts and definitive hosts.

Learning Outcome: 23.27 Differentiate between tissue nematodes and intestinal nematodes.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.29 Describe the signs and symptoms associated with the most common tissue nematodes.

 

Section: 23.06

 

Topic: Parasitology

 

Topic: Roundworm Infections

  1. Pregnant women should never change cat litter due to the risk of contracting

 

 

 

 

 

  1. amebic dysentery.

 

  1. Chagas’disease.

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 01. Remember

 

Learning Outcome: 23.17 Describe the life cycle of Toxoplasma gondii.

 

Section: 23.04

 

Topic: Apicomplexan Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

 

Topic: Systemic (Cardiovascular/Lymphatic) Infections

  1. Which is not correct about kala azar?

 

 

  1. It is fatal in untreated cases.

 

  1. Chemotherapy with chloroquine is usually effective.

 

  1. Death is partly due to anemia, destruction of blood-forming tissues, and secondary infections.

 

  1. It is transmitted by the sand fly.

 

  1. It is a form of leishmaniasis.

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 02. Understand

Learning Outcome: 23.10 Compare the vectors involved in sleeping sickness, Chagas disease, and leishmaniasis.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.11 Compare the pathologies of sleeping sickness, Chagas disease, and leishmaniasis.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.34 Differentiate among the arthropod vectors of disease.

 

Section: 23.03

 

Topic: Arthropod Vectors

 

Topic: Flagellate Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

 

Topic: Systemic (Cardiovascular/Lymphatic) Infections

  1. The larval forms of certain Taenia species, which typically infest muscles of mammalian intermediate hosts are also called

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 01. Remember

 

Learning Outcome: 23.21 Distinguish between intermediate hosts and definitive hosts.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.32 Discuss the anatomical adaptation of tapeworms to their intestinal habitat.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.33 Descibe the major characteristics of Taenia saginata and Taenia solium.

 

Section: 23.07

 

Topic: Flatworm Infections

 

Topic: Gastrointestinal System Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

  1. Trichinella spiralis is a/an _________ that invades the __________.

 

 

  1. roundworm; intestine and muscle

 

  1. ameba; intestine

 

  1. flagellate; large intestine

 

  1. flatworm; heart

 

  1. tapeworm; lungs

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 02. Understand

 

Learning Outcome: 23.25 Summarize the mode of infestation and pathology of Necator, Strongyloides, and Trichinella.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.26 Identify risk factors for contracting trichinellosis, and list several preventative measures.

 

Section: 23.06

 

Topic: Gastrointestinal System Infections

 

Topic: Muscular System Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

 

Topic: Roundworm Infections

  1. Which of the following relationships is mismatched?

 

 

  1. brucei gambiense and Gambian sleeping sickness

 

  1. brucei rhodesiense and West African sleeping sickness

 

  1. tsetse fly and African sleeping sickness

 

  1. Taenia solium and swine

 

  1. black flies and Onchocera volvulus

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 01. Remember

 

Learning Outcome: 23.10 Compare the vectors involved in sleeping sickness, Chagas disease, and leishmaniasis.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.11 Compare the pathologies of sleeping sickness, Chagas disease, and leishmaniasis.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.34 Differentiate among the arthropod vectors of disease.

 

Section: 23.03

 

Topic: Arthropod Vectors

 

Topic: Flagellate Infections

Topic: Parasitology

 

Topic: Systemic (Cardiovascular/Lymphatic) Infections

  1. Only feces from humans that contaminates food and water can be involved in transmission of amebiasis.

 

TRUE

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 02. Understand

 

Learning Outcome: 23.04 Depict the life cycle seen in Entamoeba histolytica infection.

 

Section: 23.02

 

Topic: Amoeba Infections

 

Topic: Gastrointestinal System Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

  1. Chagas’disease is treated with chloroquine.

 

FALSE

 

ASM Objective: 03.04 The growth of microorganisms can be controlled by physical, chemical, mechanical, or biological means.

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 03 Metabolic Pathways

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 01. Remember

Learning Outcome: 23.10 Compare the vectors involved in sleeping sickness, Chagas disease, and leishmaniasis.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.11 Compare the pathologies of sleeping sickness, Chagas disease, and leishmaniasis.

 

Section: 23.03

 

Topic: Arthropod Vectors

 

Topic: Flagellate Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

  1. A person carrying one gene for sickle-cell hemoglobin will be resistant to Plasmodium

 

TRUE

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 02. Understand

 

Learning Outcome: 23.09 Describe the four developmental stages of hemoflagellates, and identify those stages that are infectious.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.13 Explain the endemic occurrence of malaria.

 

Section: 23.04

 

Topic: Apicomplexan Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

 

Topic: Systemic (Cardiovascular/Lymphatic) Infections

  1. Boiling will not kill Giardia lamblia cysts in contaminated water.

 

FALSE

 

ASM Objective: 03.04 The growth of microorganisms can be controlled by physical, chemical, mechanical, or biological means.

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 02 Structure and Function

 

ASM Topic: Module 03 Metabolic Pathways

 

ASM Topic: Module 04 Information Flow

 

Bloom’s Level: 02. Understand

 

Learning Outcome: 23.08 Understand the importance of cysts to the transmission of Giardia.

 

Section: 23.03

 

Topic: Flagellate Infections

Topic: Gastrointestinal System Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

  1. Plasmodium species are hemoflagellates.

 

FALSE

 

ASM Objective: 02.01 The structure and function of microorganisms have been revealed by the use of microscopy (including bright field, phase contrast, fluorescent, and electron).

 

ASM Objective: 02.04 While microscopic eukaryotes (for example, fungi, protozoa, and algae) carry out some of the same processes as bacteria, many of the cellular properties are fundamentally different.

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 02 Structure and Function

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 02. Understand

 

Learning Outcome: 23.12 Recall the most important apicomplexan parasites.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.14 Diagram the life cycle of Plasmodium.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.15 Describe the pathogenesis of malaria.

 

Section: 23.04

 

Topic: Apicomplexan Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

 

Topic: Systemic (Cardiovascular/Lymphatic) Infections

  1. In temperate zones, pinworms are the most common helminth infection.

 

TRUE

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 01. Remember

 

Learning Outcome: 23.24 Identify the transmission cycle of each of the most common intestinal nematodes.

 

Section: 23.06

 

Topic: Gastrointestinal System Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

Topic: Roundworm Infections

  1. Hookworms and threadworms usually enter the body by penetrating into the skin.

 

TRUE

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 02. Understand

 

Learning Outcome: 23.22 Describe the four basic helminth transmission cycles.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.24 Identify the transmission cycle of each of the most common intestinal nematodes.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.25 Summarize the mode of infestation and pathology of Necator, Strongyloides, and Trichinella.

 

Section: 23.06

 

Topic: Gastrointestinal System Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

 

Topic: Roundworm Infections

  1. Loa Loa is an intestinal roundworm transmitted by contaminated food.

 

FALSE

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 01. Remember

 

Learning Outcome: 23.27 Differentiate between tissue nematodes and intestinal nematodes.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.29 Describe the signs and symptoms associated with the most common tissue nematodes.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.34 Differentiate among the arthropod vectors of disease.

 

Section: 23.06

 

Topic: Arthropod Vectors

 

Topic: Parasitology

 

Topic: Roundworm Infections

 

Topic: Skin/Skeletal Infections

  1. Hermaphroditic helminth species have separate male and female worms.

 

FALSE

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 02 Structure and Function

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 01. Remember

 

Learning Outcome: 23.22 Describe the four basic helminth transmission cycles.

 

Section: 23.05

 

Topic: Flatworm Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

Topic: Roundworm Infections

  1. Many protozoan species can form a _____ that can survive for periods outside a host.

 

cyst

 

ASM Objective: 02.04 While microscopic eukaryotes (for example, fungi, protozoa, and algae) carry out some of the same processes as bacteria, many of the cellular properties are fundamentally different.

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 02 Structure and Function

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 02. Understand

 

Learning Outcome: 23.02 Recall the identifying attributes of the four commonly recognized groups of protozoa.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.04 Depict the life cycle seen in Entamoeba histolytica infection.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.08 Understand the importance of cysts to the transmission of Giardia.

 

Section: 23.02

 

Section: 23.03

 

Topic: Amoeba Infections

 

Topic: Flagellate Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

  1. An amoeba trophozoite with visible ingested RBCs that is seen in a microscopic examination of a fecal smear would likely be the pathogen _____.

 

 

Entamoeba histolytica

 

ASM Objective: 02.01 The structure and function of microorganisms have been revealed by the use of microscopy (including bright field, phase contrast, fluorescent, and electron).

ASM Objective: 02.04 While microscopic eukaryotes (for example, fungi, protozoa, and algae) carry out some of the same processes as bacteria, many of the cellular properties are fundamentally different.

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 02 Structure and Function

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 02. Understand

 

Learning Outcome: 23.04 Depict the life cycle seen in Entamoeba histolytica infection.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.05 Contrast the pathogenesis, treatments, and common outcomes of Entamoeba, Naegleria, and Acanthoamoeba infections.

 

Section: 23.02

 

Topic: Amoeba Infections

 

Topic: Clinical Microbiology

 

Topic: Gastrointestinal System Infections

Topic: Parasitology

  1. Trypanosoma and Leishmania are called _____ because they often live in the blood and tissues of their

 

hemoflagellates

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 02. Understand

 

Learning Outcome: 23.09 Describe the four developmental stages of hemoflagellates, and identify those stages that are infectious.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.11 Compare the pathologies of sleeping sickness, Chagas disease, and leishmaniasis.

 

Section: 23.03

 

Topic: Flagellate Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

 

Topic: Systemic (Cardiovascular/Lymphatic) Infections

  1. The most deadly form of systemic leishmaniasis is called _____.

 

Kala Azar

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 01. Remember

 

Learning Outcome: 23.11 Compare the pathologies of sleeping sickness, Chagas disease, and leishmaniasis.

 

Section: 23.03

 

Topic: Flagellate Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

 

Topic: Systemic (Cardiovascular/Lymphatic) Infections

  1. Control of _____ revolves around mosquito control and methods to prevent human-mosquito contact.

 

malaria

 

ASM Objective: 03.04 The growth of microorganisms can be controlled by physical, chemical, mechanical, or biological means.

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 03 Metabolic Pathways

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 02. Understand

 

Learning Outcome: 23.14 Diagram the life cycle of Plasmodium.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.16 Explain the strategies used to combat malaria.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.34 Differentiate among the arthropod vectors of disease.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.35 Describe the relationship between arthropod vectors and the parasites they carry.

 

Section: 23.04

 

Topic: Apicomplexan Infections

 

Topic: Arthropod Vectors

Topic: Parasitology

 

Topic: Systemic (Cardiovascular/Lymphatic) Infections

  1. Eggs and larva are developmental forms of various parasites called _____.

 

helminths

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 02. Understand

 

Learning Outcome: 23.22 Describe the four basic helminth transmission cycles.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.23 Describe the strategies used to diagnose and control helminth infection.

 

Section: 23.05

 

Topic: Flatworm Infections

 

Topic: Gastrointestinal System Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

 

Topic: Roundworm Infections

 

  1. The active, feeding form of a protozoan is called the _____.

 

trophozoite

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 01. Remember

 

Learning Outcome: 23.02 Recall the identifying attributes of the four commonly recognized groups of protozoa.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.04 Depict the life cycle seen in Entamoeba histolytica infection.

 

Section: 23.02

 

Topic: Amoeba Infections

 

Topic: Flagellate Infections

 

Topic: Gastrointestinal System Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

  1. Describe the life cycle of Plasmodium and malaria epidemiology including: a) developmental forms and respective hosts/host cells, b) transmission, c) human disease and symptoms, d) treatment, and e) prevention.

 

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 03. Apply

 

Learning Outcome: 23.13 Explain the endemic occurrence of malaria.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.14 Diagram the life cycle of Plasmodium.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.15 Describe the pathogenesis of malaria.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.16 Explain the strategies used to combat malaria.

 

Section: 23.04

 

Topic: Apicomplexan Infections

 

Topic: Arthropod Vectors

 

Topic: Parasitology

 

Topic: Systemic (Cardiovascular/Lymphatic) Infections

  1. Compare and contrast giardiasis and amebiasis with regard to: a) causative agent, b) transmission, c) infection site in body, d) signs and symptoms, e) prevention, and f) treatment.

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 03. Apply

 

Learning Outcome: 23.02 Recall the identifying attributes of the four commonly recognized groups of protozoa.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.04 Depict the life cycle seen in Entamoeba histolytica infection.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.08 Understand the importance of cysts to the transmission of Giardia.

 

Section: 23.02

 

Section: 23.03

 

Topic: Amoeba Infections

 

Topic: Flagellate Infections

 

Topic: Gastrointestinal System Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

  1. Discuss the life cycle of one of the roundworms including: a) developmental forms and corresponding hosts, b) transmission, c) human disease and symptoms, d) treatment, and e) prevention.

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 03. Apply

 

Learning Outcome: 23.24 Identify the transmission cycle of each of the most common intestinal nematodes.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.25 Summarize the mode of infestation and pathology of Necator, Strongyloides, and Trichinella.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.27 Differentiate between tissue nematodes and intestinal nematodes.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.28 List the vectors associated with each of the common filarial worms.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.29 Describe the signs and symptoms associated with the most common tissue nematodes.

 

Section: 23.05

 

Section: 23.06

 

Topic: Gastrointestinal System Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

 

Topic: Roundworm Infections

 

Topic: Systemic (Cardiovascular/Lymphatic) Infections

  1. Write a brief definition of a parasite and parasitology giving specific examples of a fungus, protozoan, and helminth.

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 03. Apply

 

Learning Outcome: 23.01 Describe the changing epidemiology of parasitic disease.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.02 Recall the identifying attributes of the four commonly recognized groups of protozoa.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.20 Recall the categories of parasitic helminths.

 

Section: 23.01

 

Topic: Amoeba Infections

 

Topic: Apicomplexan Infections

 

Topic: Flagellate Infections

 

Topic: Flatworm Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

 

Topic: Roundworm Infections

  1. While on a backpacking trip in Maine, Julie and her friends obtained their drinking water from several different pristine streams, adding one or two drops of bleach to ensure its safety. Several days later Julie began experiencing abdominal distress, specifically cramping, fatty diarrhea, and flatulence. When it didn’t clear up within several days, Julie visited her doctor. Which of the following would be the most likely cause of Julie’s symptoms?

 

  1. Entamoeba histolytica

 

  1. Giardia intestinalis

 

  1. coli O157:H7

 

  1. Schistosoma mansoni

 

  1. Toxoplasma gondii

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

Bloom’s Level: 04: Analyze

 

Learning Outcome: 23.03 Identify the amoebas generally seen as human pathogens and the portals of entry for each.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.08 Understand the importance of cysts to the transmission of Giardia.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.17 Describe the life cycle of Toxoplasma gondii.

 

Section: 23.03

 

Topic: Amoeba Infections

 

Topic: Apicomplexan Infections

 

Topic: Flagellate Infections

 

Topic: Gastrointestinal System Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

  1. Anna recently learned that she is pregnant and is visiting her doctor for her first prenatal visit. Among the many pieces of advice offered to ensure a safe pregnancy, the doctor specifically told Anna to avoid eating any rare meats, including steaks and roast beef, and to avoid changing her cat’s litter box. These words of caution were primarily directed at avoiding contact with

 

 

  1. coli O157:H7.

 

  1. Taenia saginata.

 

 

  1. Toxoplasma gondii.

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 03. Apply

 

Learning Outcome: 23.12 Recall the most important apicomplexan parasites.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.17 Describe the life cycle of Toxoplasma gondii.

 

Section: 23.04

Topic: Apicomplexan Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

 

Topic: Systemic (Cardiovascular/Lymphatic) Infections

  1. What specific challenge does Trypanosoma brucei present to the immune system?

 

 

  1. It frequently changes its antigens, staying one step ahead of the host’s antibody response.

 

  1. It specifically attacks B-lymphocytes preventing activation and antibody production.

 

  1. It specifically attacks T-lymphocytes preventing their activation and crippling the cell-mediated immune response.

 

  1. Its antigens are not recognized by B and T-lymphocytes so these host defense cells don’t respond to the infection.

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 03. Apply

 

Learning Outcome: 23.11 Compare the pathologies of sleeping sickness, Chagas disease, and leishmaniasis.

 

Section: 23.03

 

Topic: Flagellate Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

 

Topic: Systemic (Cardiovascular/Lymphatic) Infections

 

  1. Adam, a once active normal three-year old boy, was experiencing increasing bouts of lethargy and began to regress developmentally. His mother scheduled an appointment with his pediatrician, who ordered a number of different blood tests. The most notable blood test result that piqued the physician’s interest was a pronounced eosinophilia. Which of the following would be most likely to cause this abnormality?

 

 

  1. infection with Giardia intestinalis

 

  1. infection with a parasitic helminth

 

  1. malaria

 

  1. infection with Cryptosporidium spp.

 

  1. viral infection

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 03. Apply

 

Learning Outcome: 23.23 Describe the strategies used to diagnose and control helminth infection.

 

Section: 23.05

 

Topic: Flatworm Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

 

Topic: Roundworm Infections

  1. Which of the following parasites must be swallowed twice by the human host, first as an egg and later as a larva?

 

  1. Ascaris lumbricoides
  2. Necatur americanus
  3. Taenia saginata
  4. Enterobius vermicularis
  1. Schistosoma mansoni

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 03. Apply

 

Learning Outcome: 23.24 Identify the transmission cycle of each of the most common intestinal nematodes.

 

Section: 23.05

 

Section: 23.06

 

Topic: Gastrointestinal System Infections

 

Topic: Parasitology

 

Topic: Roundworm Infections

  1. Diseases such as malaria, dengue fever, and Chagas’disease may be spread by any blood-sucking arthropod.

 

 

FALSE

 

ASM Objective: 03.03 The survival and growth of any microorganism in a given environment depends on its metabolic characteristics.

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 03 Metabolic Pathways

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 02. Understand

 

Learning Outcome: 23.35 Describe the relationship between arthropod vectors and the parasites they carry.

 

Section: 23.08

 

Topic: Arthropod Vectors

 

Topic: Parasitology

  1. Recent strategies for control and containing the spread of river blindness include

 

  1. antibiotics to inhibit bacterial endosymbionts within Onchocerca volvulus.

 

  1. antihelmintic drugs such as ivermectin to destroy the larval worms.
  2. antiprotozoan drugs such as metronidazole.
  3. insecticides to decrease the blackfly population.

 

  1. filtering water through nylon sieves to remove Cyclops.

 

ASM Objective: 03.04 The growth of microorganisms can be controlled by physical, chemical, mechanical, or biological means.

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 03 Metabolic Pathways

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 03. Apply

 

Learning Outcome: 23.23 Describe the strategies used to diagnose and control helminth infection.

 

Learning Outcome: 23.29 Describe the signs and symptoms associated with the most common tissue nematodes.

 

Section: 23.06

 

Topic: Arthropod Vectors

 

Topic: Parasitology

Topic: Roundworm Infections

  1. Which animals serve as intermediate hosts for human schistosomes?

 

 

  1. mosquitoes

 

  1. fish

 

  1. reduviid bugs

 

  1. snails

 

  1. humans

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.

 

ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems

 

Bloom’s Level: 02. Understand

 

Learning Outcome: 23.31 Recall the stages of the Schistosoma life cycle.

 

Section: 23.07

 

Topic: Flatworm Infections

 

Topic: Systemic (Cardiovascular/Lymphatic) Infections

Chapter 23 Testbank Summary

 

  Category   # of Questions
ASM Objective: 02.01 The structure and function of microorganisms have been revealed by the use of microscopy (in 5
cluding bright field, phase contrast, fluorescent, and electron).  
ASM Objective: 02.04 While microscopic eukaryotes (for example, fungi, protozoa, and algae) carry out some of the 8
same processes as bacteria, many of the cellular properties are fundamentally different.  
ASM Objective: 03.03 The survival and growth of any microorganism in a given environment depends on its metaboli 1
c characteristics.  
ASM Objective: 03.04 The growth of microorganisms can be controlled by physical, chemical, mechanical, or biologic 5
al means.  
ASM Objective: 04.03 The regulation of gene expression is influenced by external and internal molecular cues and/ 1
or signals.  
ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in benefi 79
cial, neutral or detrimental ways.  
ASM Topic: Module 02 Structure and Function 12
ASM Topic: Module 03 Metabolic Pathways 6
ASM Topic: Module 04 Information Flow 1
ASM Topic: Module 05 Systems 76
Bloom’s Level: 01. Remember 30
Bloom’s Level: 02. Understand 39
Bloom’s Level: 03. Apply 9
Bloom’s Level: 04: Analyze 1
Learning Outcome: 23.01 Describe the changing epidemiology of parasitic disease. 2
Learning Outcome: 23.02 Recall the identifying attributes of the four commonly recognized groups of protozoa. 5
Learning Outcome: 23.03 Identify the amoebas generally seen as human pathogens and the portals of entry for each 6
.      
Learning Outcome: 23.04 Depict the life cycle seen in Entamoeba histolytica infection. 8
Learning Outcome: 23.05 Contrast the pathogenesis, treatments, and common outcomes of Entamoeba, Naegleria, 7
and Acanthoamoeba infections.  
Learning Outcome: 23.06 Classify and describe the important characteristics of Balantidium coli. 2
Learning Outcome: 23.07 Describe the important characteristics of Trichomonas vaginalis and the pathology of infecti 3
on.  
Learning Outcome: 23.08 Understand the importance of cysts to the transmission of Giardia. 8
Learning Outcome: 23.09 Describe the four developmental stages of hemoflagellates, and identify those stages that 7
are infectious.  
Learning Outcome: 23.10 Compare the vectors involved in sleeping sickness, Chagas disease, and leishmaniasis. 8
Learning Outcome: 23.11 Compare the pathologies of sleeping sickness, Chagas disease, and leishmaniasis. 11
Learning Outcome: 23.12 Recall the most important apicomplexan parasites. 4
Learning Outcome: 23.13 Explain the endemic occurrence of malaria. 2
Learning Outcome: 23.14 Diagram the life cycle of Plasmodium. 5
Learning Outcome: 23.15 Describe the pathogenesis of malaria. 4
Learning Outcome: 23.16 Explain the strategies used to combat malaria. 2
Learning Outcome: 23.17 Describe the life cycle of Toxoplasma gondii. 8
Learning Outcome: 23.18 Explain the occasional presence of Cryptosporidium in domestic water sources. 3
Learning Outcome: 23.19 Relate Sarcocystis, Cystoisospora, Cyclospora, and Babesia to their specific route of infect 4
ion.  
Learning Outcome: 23.20 Recall the categories of parasitic helminths. 2
Learning Outcome: 23.21 Distinguish between intermediate hosts and definitive hosts. 3
Learning Outcome: 23.22 Describe the four basic helminth transmission cycles. 7
Learning Outcome: 23.23 Describe the strategies used to diagnose and control helminth infection. 4
Learning Outcome: 23.24 Identify the transmission cycle of each of the most common intestinal nematodes. 8
Learning Outcome: 23.25 Summarize the mode of infestation and pathology of Necator, Strongyloides, and Trichinell 7
a.  
Learning Outcome: 23.26 Identify risk factors for contracting trichinellosis, and list several preventative measures. 4
Learning Outcome: 23.27 Differentiate between tissue nematodes and intestinal nematodes. 5
Learning Outcome: 23.28 List the vectors associated with each of the common filarial worms. 3
Learning Outcome: 23.29 Describe the signs and symptoms associated with the most common tissue nematodes. 7  
Learning Outcome: 23.30 Identify the intermediate and definitive hosts in trematode infestation. 2  
Learning Outcome: 23.31 Recall the stages of the Schistosoma life cycle. 2  
Learning Outcome: 23.32 Discuss the anatomical adaptation of tapeworms to their intestinal habitat. 3  
Learning Outcome: 23.33 Descibe the major characteristics of Taenia saginata and Taenia solium. 3  
Learning Outcome: 23.34 Differentiate among the arthropod vectors of disease. 7  
Learning Outcome: 23.35 Describe the relationship between arthropod vectors and the parasites they carry. 2  
Section: 23.01 2  
Section: 23.02 12  
Section: 23.03 23  
Section: 23.04 17  
Section: 23.05 10  
Section: 23.06 16  
Section: 23.07 6  
Section: 23.08 1  
Topic: Amoeba Infections 13  
Topic: Apicomplexan Infections 19  
Topic: Arthropod Vectors 16  
Topic: Bacterial Cellular Morphology 1  
Topic: Clinical Microbiology 1  
Topic: Flagellate Infections 26  
Topic: Flatworm Infections 13  
Topic: Gastrointestinal System Infections 36  
Topic: Muscular System Infections 3  
Topic: Nervous System Infections 4  
Topic: Parasitology 77  
Topic: Roundworm Infections 23  
Topic: Skin/Skeletal Infections 1  
Topic: Systemic (Cardiovascular/Lymphatic) Infections 29  
Topic: Taxonomy of Microorganisms 2  
Topic: Urogenital System Infections 3  

 

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