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Fundamentals of Anatomy and Physiology 3rd Edition Rizzo Test Bank

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Fundamentals of Anatomy and Physiology 3rd Edition Rizzo Test Bank

ISBN-13: 978-1111038694

ISBN-10: 1111038694

 

Description

Fundamentals of Anatomy and Physiology 3rd Edition Rizzo Test Bank

ISBN-13: 978-1111038694

ISBN-10: 1111038694

 

 

 

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Free Nursing Test Questions:

CHAPTER 14—THE CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM

 

TRUE/FALSE

 

  1. The superior vena cava is also known as the anterior vena cava.

 

ANS:  T                    PTS:   1

NOT:  The superior vena cava is also known as the anterior vena cava.

 

  1. There are two pulmonary veins that return oxygenated blood to the left atrium of the heart from the lungs.

 

ANS:  F                    PTS:   1

NOT:  There are four pulmonary veins that return oxygenated blood to the left atrium of the heart from the lungs.

 

  1. The pulmonary semilunar valve is found in the opening where the pulmonary trunk exits the left ventricle.

 

ANS:  F                    PTS:   1

NOT:  The pulmonary semilunar valve is found in the opening where the pulmonary trunk exits the right ventricle.

 

  1. The aortic semilunar valve is found in the opening where the ascending aorta leaves the left ventricle.

 

ANS:  T                    PTS:   1

NOT:  The aortic semilunar valve is found in the opening where the ascending aorta leaves the left ventricle.

 

  1. The sinoatrial node initiates each cardiac cycle and sets the pace for the heart rate.

 

ANS:  T                    PTS:   1

NOT:  The sinoatrial node initiates each cardiac cycle and sets the pace for the heart rate.

 

  1. The actual contraction of the ventricles is stimulated by the Purkinje’s fibers.

 

ANS:  T                    PTS:   1

NOT:  The actual contraction of the ventricles is stimulated by the Purkinje’s fibers.

 

  1. In a normal heartbeat, the right atrium contracts, followed by the right ventricle, then the left atrium, and finally the left ventricle.

 

ANS:  F                    PTS:   1

NOT:  In a normal heartbeat, the two atria contract simultaneously while the two ventricles relax. Then, when the two ventricles contract, the two atria relax.

 

  1. The average heart beats approximately 90 times per minute.

 

ANS:  F                    PTS:   1

NOT:  The average heart beats approximately 72 times per minute.

 

  1. The cardiovascular system consists of the heart and thousands of miles of blood vessels.

 

ANS:  T                    PTS:   1

NOT:  The cardiovascular system consists of the heart and thousands of miles of blood vessels.

 

  1. Arteries are thicker and stronger than veins, and have two major properties: elasticity and contractility.

 

ANS:  T                    PTS:   1

NOT:  Arteries are thicker and stronger than veins, and have  two major properties: elasticity and contractility.

 

  1. Venous sinuses are veins with thin walls.

 

ANS:  T                    PTS:   1                    NOT:  Venous sinuses are veins with thin walls.

 

  1. The right and left coronary arteries deliver oxygenated blood to the lungs.

 

ANS:  F                    PTS:   1

NOT:  The right and left coronary arteries deliver oxygenated blood to the walls of the heart.

 

  1. The radial and ulnar arteries supply blood to the forearm.

 

ANS:  T                    PTS:   1

NOT:  The radial and ulnar arteries supply blood to the forearm.

 

  1. There are ten pairs of intercostal arteries that supply the muscles of the thorax.

 

ANS:  T                    PTS:   1

NOT:  There are ten pairs of intercostal arteries that supply the muscles of the thorax.

 

  1. The heart is enclosed in a membranous sac called the pericardial sac.

 

ANS:  T                    PTS:   1

NOT:  The heart is enclosed in a loose-fitting serous membrane known as the pericardial sac.

 

  1. The pacemaker is also known as the conduction myofiber.

 

ANS:  F                    PTS:   1

NOT:  The pacemaker is also known as the sinoatrial (SA) node.

 

  1. One significant subdivision of the systemic circulation route is the hepatic portal circulation route.

 

ANS:  T                    PTS:   1

NOT:  One significant subdivision of the systemic circulation route is the hepatic portal circulation route.

 

  1. The junction of two or more blood vessels is called an anastomosis.

 

ANS:  T                    PTS:   1

NOT:  The junction of two or more blood vessels is called an anastomosis.

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

 

  1. A disease that results from untreated streptococcal infections, occurring more in children than in adults, is known as ____.
a. rheumatic heart disease c. erythroblastosis fetalis
b. atherosclerosis d. mitral valve prolapse

 

 

ANS:  A

 

  Feedback
A Rheumatic heart disease is a disease that results from untreated streptococcal infections, occurring more in children than adults.
B Atherosclerosis is an accumulation of plaque in the artery walls.
C Erythroblastosis fetalis is a hemolytic disease of the newborn.
D Mitral valve prolapse is excessive retrograde movement of the mitral valve leaflets into the left atrium during left ventricular systole.

 

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The SA node, which initiates each cardiac cycle and sets the pace for the heart rate, is also known as the ____.
a. bundle of His c. atrioventricular shunt
b. Purkinje’s fibers d. pacemaker

 

 

ANS:  D

 

  Feedback
A Bundle of His runs from the atrioventricular (AV) node to the tip of the interventricular septum.
B Purkinje’s fibers stimulate the contraction of the ventricles.
C This is not a correct answer.
D The SA node, which initiates each cardiac cycle and sets the pace for the heart rate, is also known as the pacemaker.

 

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. A disease that results from reduced blood flow in the coronary arteries that supply the myocardium of the heart is known as ____.
a. Purkinje’s block c. angina pectoris
b. coronary heart disease d. essential hypertension

 

 

ANS:  B

 

  Feedback
A This is not a correct answer.
B Coronary heart disease is a disease that results from reduced blood flow in the coronary arteries that supply the myocardium of the heart.
C Angina pectoris is a sensation of pain in the chest.
D Essential hypertension is hypertension without a known cause.

 

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. One complete heartbeat is known as (a) ____.
a. systemic circulation c. cardiac cycle
b. contraction d. hepatic portal circulation

 

 

ANS:  C

 

  Feedback
A Systemic circulation is the circulation of blood to all organs of all the systems of the body.
B A contraction is a heartbeat.
C A cardiac cycle is one complete heartbeat.
D Hepatic portal circulation travels back and forth from the intestine to the liver.

 

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The circulation of blood to all organs of all the systems of the body is known as ____.
a. systemic circulation c. cardiac cycle
b. contraction d. hepatic portal circulation

 

 

ANS:  A

 

  Feedback
A Systemic circulation is the circulation of blood to all organs of all the systems of the body.
B A contraction is a heartbeat.
C A cardiac cycle is one complete heartbeat.
D Hepatic portal circulation travels back and forth from the intestine to the liver.

 

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. Oxygenated blood loses carbon dioxide in the lungs and picks up oxygen and returns to the left atrium of the heart via the four pulmonary veins in a circulation route called ____.
a. systemic circulation c. pulmonary circulation
b. hepatic portal circulation d. coronary circulation

 

 

ANS:  C

 

  Feedback
A Systemic circulation is the circulation of blood to all organs of all the systems of the body.
B Hepatic portal circulation travels back and forth from the intestine to the liver.
C Oxygenated blood loses carbon dioxide in the lungs and picks up oxygen and returns to the left atrium of the heart via the four pulmonary veins in a circulation route called pulmonary circulation.
D Coronary circulation supplies the myocardium of the heart.

 

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The longest veins of the body, which drain the superficial aspects of the legs, are known as the ____.
a. great saphenous veins c. coronary veins
b. renal veins d. common iliac veins

 

 

ANS:  A

 

  Feedback
A The great saphenous veins are the longest veins of the body, and drain the superficial aspects of the legs.
B Renal veins drain blood from the kidney.
C Coronary veins drain blood from the myocardium.
D Common iliac veins drain the pelvis.

 

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The atrioventricular bundle is also called the ____.
a. AV node c. pacemaker
b. SA node d. bundle of His

 

 

ANS:  D

 

  Feedback
A This is not a correct answer.
B This is not a correct answer.
C This is not a correct answer.
D The atrioventricular bundle is also called the bundle of His.

 

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The valves that prevent blood from flowing back into the ventricles from the ascending aorta and the pulmonary artery are the ____.
a. semilunar valves c. trabeculae carneae
b. auricles d. tricuspid and mitral valves

 

 

ANS:  A

 

  Feedback
A Semilunar valves prevent blood from flowing back into the ventricles from the ascending aorta and the pulmonary artery.
B Auricles are external appendages of the atria.
C trabeculae carneae are irregular ridges and folds of the myocardium.
D Tricuspid and mitral valves are valves between the right atrium and right ventricle, and left atrium and left ventricle, respectively.

 

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. One cell-layer thick, microscopic vessels that connect arterioles with venules are known as ____.
a. arteries c. Purkinje’s fibers
b. capillaries d. veins

 

 

ANS:  B

 

  Feedback
A Arteries carry blood away from the heart.
B Capillaries are one cell-layer thick, microscopic vessels that connect arterioles with venules.
C Purkinje’s fibers stimulate the contraction of the ventricles.
D Veins carry blood back to the heart.

 

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The arteries that transport deoxygenated blood from the right ventricle of the heart to the lungs to release carbon dioxide and pick up oxygen are the ____.
a. pulmonary arteries c. coronary arteries
b. renal arteries d. subclavian arteries

 

 

ANS:  A

 

  Feedback
A Pulmonary arteries are arteries that transport deoxygenated blood from the right ventricle of the heart to the lungs to release carbon dioxide and pick up oxygen.
B Renal arteries bring blood to the kidneys.
C Coronary arteries supply the myocardium of the heart with blood.
D The right subclavian artery is a branch of the brachiocephalic artery, and the left subclavian artery comes off the arch of the aorta.

 

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The valve between the right atrium and the right ventricle consists of three flaps or cusps, and is known as the ____.
a. pulmonary semilunar valve c. mitral valve
b. tricuspid valve d. bicuspid valve

 

 

ANS:  B

 

  Feedback
A The pulmonary semilunar valve is found in the opening where the pulmonary trunk exits the right ventricle.
B The tricuspid valve is the valve between the right atrium and right ventricle.
C The mitral valve is also known as the bicuspid valve and is between the left atrium and left ventricle.
D The bicuspid valve is also known as the mitral valve.

 

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The actual contraction of the ventricles is stimulated by the ____.
a. sinoatrial node c. Purkinje’s fibers
b. mitral valve d. bundle of His

 

 

ANS:  C

 

  Feedback
A The sinoatrial node is the pacemaker that initiates the cardiac cycle.
B The mitral valve is also known as the bicuspid valve and is between the left atrium and left ventricle.
C Purkinje’s fibers stimulate the contraction of the ventricles.
D Bundle of His runs from the AV node to the tip of the interventricular septum.

 

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The system within the heart that generates and distributes electrical impulses over the heart to stimulate cardiac muscle fibers or cells to contract is known as the ____.
a. conduction system c. automatic nervous system
b. bundle of His d. shock system

 

 

ANS:  A

 

  Feedback
A The conduction system is the system within the heart that generates and distributes electrical impulses over the heart to stimulate cardiac muscle fibers or cells to contract.
B Bundle of His runs from the AV node to the tip of the interventricular septum.
C This is not a correct answer.
D This is not a correct answer.

 

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. When the heart does not develop properly and heart disease is present at birth, the condition is called ____.
a. angina pectoris c. heart failure
b. congenital heart disease d. rheumatic heart disease

 

 

ANS:  B

 

  Feedback
A Angina pectoris is a sensation of pain in the chest.
B Congenital heart disease is when the heart does not develop properly and heart disease is present at birth.
C Heart failure is progressive weakening of the myocardium and failure to pump adequate amounts of blood.
D Rheumatic heart disease results from untreated streptococcal infection.

 

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. Another name for a heart attack is ____.
a. pulmonary embolism c. arteriosclerosis
b. coronary atherosclerosis d. myocardial infarction

 

 

ANS:  D

 

  Feedback
A Pulmonary embolism is an obstruction of a pulmonary artery by an embolism.
B Coronary atherosclerosis is a disease of the coronary arteries in which plaque accumulates on the inside of the artery walls.
C Arteriosclerosis is hardening of the arteries.
D Myocardial infarction is another name for a heart attack.

 

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. A painful inflammation of the pericardium caused by viral or bacterial infection is known as ____.
a. pericarditis c. endocarditis
b. primary cardiomyopathy d. rheumatic heart disease

 

 

ANS:  A

 

  Feedback
A Pericarditis is a painful inflammation of the pericardium caused by viral or bacterial infection.
B Primary cardiomyopathy is a disease of the heart without an underlying cause.
C Endocarditis is inflammation of the endocardium.
D Rheumatic heart disease results from untreated streptococcal infection.

 

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. A disease of the arteries in which cholesterol-containing masses called plaque accumulate on the inside of the arterial walls is known as ____.
a. venosclerosis c. arteriomyopathy
b. atherosclerosis d. arteritis

 

 

ANS:  B

 

  Feedback
A Venosclerosis is a hardening of the venous walls.
B Atherosclerosis is a disease of the arteries in which cholesterol-containing masses called plaque accumulate on the inside of the arterial walls.
C This is not a correct answer.
D Arteritis is an inflammation of an artery.

 

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. A condition caused by progressive weakening of the myocardium and failure of the heart to pump adequate amounts of blood is known as ____.
a. pericarditis c. myocardial infarction
b. heart failure d. rheumatic heart disease

 

 

ANS:  B

 

  Feedback
A Pericarditis is a painful inflammation of the pericardium caused by viral or bacterial infection.
B Heart failure is a condition caused by progressive weakening of the myocardium and failure of the heart to pump adequate amounts of blood.
C Myocardial infarction is another name for a heart attack.
D Rheumatic heart disease results from untreated streptococcal infection.

 

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. Veins draining the lower parts of the body merge into a larger vein, which then transports the blood to the right atrium of the heart; this larger vein is the ____.
a. inferior vena cava c. saphenous vein
b. superior vena cava d. renal vein

 

 

ANS:  A

 

  Feedback
A Veins draining the lower parts of the body merge into a larger vein, which then transports the blood to the right atrium of the heart; this larger vein is the inferior vena cava.
B Veins draining the upper parts of the body merge into a larger vein, which then transports the blood to the right atrium of the heart; this larger vein is the superior vena cava.
C The great saphenous veins are the longest veins of the body, which drain the superficial aspects of the legs.
D The renal vein drains the kidneys.

 

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The smallest arteries that deliver blood to the capillaries are called ____.
a. venules c. arterioles
b. shunts d. descending arteries

 

 

ANS:  C

 

  Feedback
A Venules are small vessels that connect capillaries to veins.
B A shunt is a bypass.
C Arterioles are the smallest arteries that deliver blood to the capillaries.
D Descending arteries are arteries that descend down the body.

 

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. Veins draining the head and arms merge into a larger vein, which then transports the blood to the right atrium of the heart; this larger vein is the ____.
a. inferior vena cava c. saphenous vein
b. superior vena cava d. renal vein

 

 

ANS:  B

 

  Feedback
A Veins draining the lower parts of the body merge into a larger vein, which then transports the blood to the right atrium of the heart; this larger vein is the inferior vena cava.
B Veins draining the upper parts of the body, head, and arms merge into a larger vein, which then transports the blood to the right atrium of the heart; this larger vein is the superior vena cava.
C The great saphenous veins are the longest veins of the body, which drain the superficial aspects of the legs.
D The renal vein drains the kidneys.

 

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. Arteries have walls made of three coats or tunics surrounding a hollow core known as a ____.
a. lumen c. marrow
b. bevel d. centriole

 

 

ANS:  A

 

  Feedback
A Arteries have walls made of three coats or tunics surrounding a hollow core known as a lumen.
B This is not a correct answer.
C This is not a correct answer.
D This is not a correct answer.

 

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The arteries that branch off the ascending aorta to supply the heart with oxygenated blood are the ____.
a. saphenous arteries c. coronary arteries
b. renal arteries d. subclavian arteries

 

 

ANS:  C

 

  Feedback
A This is not a correct answer.
B Renal arteries bring blood to the kidneys.
C Coronary arteries are arteries that branch off the ascending aorta to supply the heart with oxygenated blood.
D The right subclavian artery is a branch of the brachiocephalic artery, and the left subclavian artery comes off the arch of the aorta.

 

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The valve between the left atrium and the left ventricle is the ____.
a. pulmonary semilunar valve c. mitral valve
b. tricuspid valve d. aortic semilunar valve

 

 

ANS:  C

 

  Feedback
A The pulmonary semilunar valve is found in the opening where the pulmonary trunk exits the right ventricle.
B The tricuspid valve is the valve between the right atrium and right ventricle.
C The mitral valve is between the left atrium and left ventricle.
D The aortic semilunar valve prevents blood from flowing back into the left ventricle from the ascending aorta.

 

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The mitral valve is also known as the ____.
a. bicuspid valve c. semilunar valve
b. tricuspid valve d. chordae tendinae

 

 

ANS:  A

 

  Feedback
A The mitral valve is also known as the bicuspid valve.
B The tricuspid valve is the valve between the right atrium and right ventricle.
C Semilunar valves prevent blood from flowing back into the ventricles from the ascending aorta and the pulmonary artery.
D Chordae tendinae are cords that connect the flaps of the heart valves to the papillary muscles on the inner surface of the ventricles.

 

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The blood circulatory route that supplies the brain with oxygen and nutrients and disposes of waste is called ____.
a. coronary circulation c. cerebral circulation
b. hepatic portal circulation d. pulmonary circulation

 

 

ANS:  C

 

  Feedback
A Coronary circulation supplies the myocardium of the heart.
B Hepatic portal circulation travels back and forth from the intestine to the liver.
C Cerebral circulation is the blood circulatory route that supplies the brain with oxygen and nutrients and disposes of waste.
D Pulmonary circulation is the route that goes from the right ventricle of the heart to the pulmonary trunk and lungs.

 

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. A temporary circulation route that exists only between a developing baby and its mother is called ____.
a. hepatic portal circulation c. gestational circulation
b. fetal circulation d. maternal circulation

 

 

ANS:  B

 

  Feedback
A Hepatic portal circulation travels back and forth from the intestine to the liver.
B Fetal circulation is a temporary circulation route that exists only between a developing baby and its mother.
C This is not a correct answer.
D This is not a correct answer.

 

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. Reduced blood flow to the heart muscle causes a sensation of pain in the chest, left arm, and shoulder, which is known as ____.
a. angina pectoris c. septal defect
b. heart failure d. primary cardiomyopathy

 

 

ANS:  A

 

  Feedback
A Angina pectoris is reduced blood flow to the heart muscle causing a sensation of pain in the chest, left arm, and shoulder.
B Heart failure is progressive weakening of the myocardium and failure to pump adequate amounts of blood.
C Septal defect is a hole in the interatrial or interventricular septum between the left and right sides of the heart.
D Primary cardiomyopathy is a disease of the heart without an underlying cause.

 

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. Another name for high blood pressure is ____.
a. hypotension c. hypertension
b. ischemia d. angina pectoris

 

 

ANS:  C

 

  Feedback
A Hypotension is low blood pressure.
B Ischemia is inadequate delivery of oxygen to tissue.
C Hypertension is high blood pressure.
D Angina pectoris is reduced blood flow to the heart muscle causing a sensation of pain in the chest, left arm, and shoulder.

 

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. Which of the following represents the correct pathway for electrical activity in the heart?
a. SA node, Purkinje’s fibers, AV node, bundle branches
b. SA node, AV node, bundle branches, Purkinje’s fibers
c. AV node, SA node, Purkinje’s fibers, bundle branches
d. Purkinje’s fibers, bundle branches, SA node, AV node

 

 

ANS:  B

 

  Feedback
A This is not a correct answer.
B The correct pathway for electrical activity in the heart is SA node, AV node, bundle branches, Purkinje’s fibers.
C This is not a correct answer.
D This is not a correct answer.

 

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. Which of the following is the correct sequence of branching off the aortic arch?
a. first branch brachiocephalic artery, second branch left subclavian artery, third branch left common carotid artery
b. first branch left common carotid artery, second branch left subclavian artery, third branch brachiocephalic artery
c. first branch brachiocephalic artery, second branch left common carotid artery, third branch left subclavian artery
d. first branch axillary artery, second branch left common carotid artery, third branch left subclavian artery

 

 

ANS:  C

 

  Feedback
A This is not a correct answer.
B This is not a correct answer.
C The correct sequence of branching off the aortic arch is: first branch brachiocephalic artery, second branch left common carotid artery, third branch left subclavian artery.
D This is not a correct answer.

 

 

PTS:   1

 

COMPLETION

 

  1. The ____________________ is a loose-fitting serous membrane that surrounds the heart.

 

ANS:  pericardial sac

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The ____________________ is the outermost layer of the wall of the heart.

 

ANS:  epicardium

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The muscular layer of the heart, the cardiac muscle tissue, is known as the ____________________.

 

ANS:  myocardium

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The ____________________ is the innermost layer of the wall of the heart.

 

ANS:  endocardium

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The ____________________ valve separates the left atrium from the left ventricle.

 

ANS:

mitral

bicuspid

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The ____________________ valve separates the right atrium from the right ventricle.

 

ANS:  tricuspid

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The contraction phase of the heartbeat is called ____________________.

 

ANS:  systole

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The mitral valve is also known as the ____________________ valve.

 

ANS:  bicuspid

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. ____________________ circulation is the circulation of oxygenated blood from the left ventricle of the heart to all body tissues and organs.

 

ANS:  Systemic

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. ____________________ circulation is the circulation of deoxygenated blood from the right ventricle of the heart to the lungs and back to the left atrium of the heart.

 

ANS:  Pulmonary

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. Microscopic blood vessels made up of simple squamous epithelial cells that connect arterioles with venules are known as ____________________.

 

ANS:  capillaries

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The small blood vessels that connect capillaries to veins are called ____________________.

 

ANS:  venules

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The smaller arteries that deliver blood to capillaries are called ____________________.

 

ANS:  arterioles

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The two upper chambers of the heart are the right and left ____________________.

 

ANS:  atria

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The two lower chambers of the heart are the right and left ____________________.

 

ANS:  ventricles

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The ____________________ are the vessels that branch off the ascending aorta and supply the walls of the heart with oxygenated blood.

 

ANS:  coronary arteries

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The ventricles have irregular ridges and folds of the myocardium called _________________________.

 

ANS:  trabeculae carneae

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The muscle tissue of the atria and ventricle is separated by connective tissue; a groove called the ____________________ separates the atria from the ventricles.

 

ANS:  coronary sulcus

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. A(n) ____________________ is any deviation from a normal heartbeat rhythm.

 

ANS:  arrhythmia

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. A(n) ____________________ is an abnormal heart sound akin to a fluttering or a humming sound.

 

ANS:  heart murmur

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. A(n) ____________________ heart valve is one that has an abnormal opening that is narrowed.

 

ANS:  stenosed

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. A(n) ____________________ heart valve produces serious leakage of blood.

 

ANS:  incompetent

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. A(n) ____________________ is the reconstruction of a diseased coronary artery by inserting a small balloon through the aorta and into a coronary artery.

 

ANS:  angioplasty

 

PTS:   1

 

MATCHING

 

Match each term with the correct item below.

a. upper chambers of the heart d. visceral pericardium
b. mitral valve e. parietal pericardium
c. relaxation phase  

 

 

  1. pericardial sac

 

  1. atria

 

  1. diastole

 

  1. bicuspid valve

 

  1. epicardium

 

  1. ANS:  E                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  A                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  C                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  B                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  D                    PTS:   1

 

Match each term with the correct item below.

a. heart muscle d. pacemaker
b. contraction phase of the heartbeat e. innermost layer of the heart
c. right atrioventricular valve  

 

 

  1. sinoatrial node

 

  1. tricuspid

 

  1. myocardium

 

  1. endocardium

 

  1. systole

 

  1. ANS:  D                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  C                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  A                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  E                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  B                    PTS:   1

 

Match each statement with the correct item below.

a. progressive weakening of the myocardium and failure to pump adequate amounts of blood
b. results from untreated streptococcal infection
c. accumulation of plaque in the artery walls
d. inflammation of the pericardium
e. inflammation of the endocardium
f. inflammation of the myocardium
g. high blood pressure

 

 

  1. endocarditis

 

  1. hypertension

 

  1. myocarditis

 

  1. heart failure

 

  1. pericarditis

 

  1. atherosclerosis

 

  1. rheumatic heart disease

 

  1. ANS:  E                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  G                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  F                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  A                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  D                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  C                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  B                    PTS:   1

 

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