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Human Physiology 12th Edition Fox Test Bank

ISBN13: 9780077350062

ISBN10: 0077350065

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Human Physiology 12th Edition Fox Test Bank

ISBN13: 9780077350062

ISBN10: 0077350065

 

 

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Free Nursing Test Questions:

 

Chapter 20

Reproduction

 

True / False Questions

  1. The human female determines the sex of her offspring.
    FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Section: 20.01
Topic: Human Development and Growth

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. How many autosomal chromosomes are present in human cells?
    A.23 pair
    B. 46
    C. 22 pair
    D. 2 pair

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.01
Topic: Human Development and Growth

  1. What type of genetic change occurs when an allele is silenced by methylation of cytosine bases?
    A.genomic
    B. epigenetic
    C. mutation
    D. None of the choices is correct.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.01
Topic: Human Development and Growth

 

 

  1. What type of genes are found on the Y chromosome?
    A.X-transposed genes
    B. degenerate genes
    C. testis-specific genes
    D. All of the choices are correct.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.01
Topic: Human Development and Growth

 

True / False Questions

  1. Genomic imprinting allows for differing expressions of an allele.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.01
Topic: Human Development and Growth

  1. Epigenetic changes cannot be passed on to a zygote.
    FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.01
Topic: Human Development and Growth

 

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Regions of DNA that read the same forward as backward are called ______ and include the testis-specific genes on the Y chromosome.
    A.palindromes
    B. autosomes
    C. haploid
    D. genomic

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.01
Topic: Human Development and Growth

 

True / False Questions

  1. Barr bodies are normally only found in the cells of female mammals.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.01
Topic: Human Development and Growth

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. A fertilized egg is called a/an
    A.autosome.
    B. zygote.
    C. ovum.
    D. Barr body.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.01
Topic: Human Development and Growth

 

 

  1. Which of the following would be found in normal somatic cells of women but not men?
    A.an X chromosome
    B. a Y chromosome
    C. a Barr body
    D. 22 pairs of autosomal chromosomes

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.01
Topic: Human Development and Growth

 

True / False Questions

  1. Cryptorchid males do not produce testosterone.
    FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.01
Topic: Human Development and Growth
Topic: Reproductive System

  1. Deletion of the SRY gene would cause male fetuses to develop as females.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.01
Topic: Human Development and Growth

  1. Patients with Turner’s syndrome have 47 chromosomes and appear female.
    FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.01
Topic: Human Development and Growth

 

 

  1. Leydig cells in the male produce Müllerian inhibition factor.
    FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.01
Topic: Reproductive System

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. What is the principal sex steroid in males?
    A.estrogen
    B. testosterone
    C. progesterone
    D. aldosterone

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.01
Topic: Reproductive System

  1. How many chromosomes are found in a normal human cell?
    A.23
    B. 23 pair
    C. 46
    D. Both 23 pair and 46 are correct.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.01
Topic: Human Development and Growth

 

 

 

True / False Questions

  1. Female accessory sex organs develop from the mesonephric ducts.
    FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.01
Topic: Reproductive System

  1. Treating a male fetus with antibodies to DHT would prevent development of the epididymides.
    FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.01
Topic: Reproductive System

  1. Dihydrotestosterone is produced by the action of the enzyme 5 alpha-reductase on testosterone.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.01
Topic: Reproductive System

  1. Female accessory organs develop because of the presence of ovaries.
    FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.01
Topic: Reproductive System

 

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. A lack of testosterone in males will cause the genital tubercle to form a(n)
    A.penis.
    B. testis.
    C. clitoris.
    D. ovary.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.01
Topic: Reproductive System

  1. The first event to occur during development of the reproductive system would be the
    A.descent of the testes into the scrotum.
    B. formation of the vagina.
    C. onset of testosterone production.
    D. development of the Müllerian ducts.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.01
Topic: Reproductive System

  1. Testosterone, not DHT, stimulates embryonic development of
    A.seminal vesicles.
    B. ductus deferens.
    C. ejaculatory duct.
    D. All of the choices are correct.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.01
Topic: Reproductive System

 

 

  1. Males lacking testosterone receptors would
    A.develop as genotypic females.
    B. have testes and female external genitalia.
    C. lack gonads.
    D. have male internal genitalia.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.01
Topic: Reproductive System

  1. The embryonic urethral fold becomes the female
    A.labia minora.
    B. labia majora.
    C. glans clitoris.
    D. All of these choices are correct.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.01
Topic: Reproductive System

 

True / False Questions

  1. The most common cause of female pseudohermaphroditism is congenital adrenal hyperplasia.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.01
Topic: Reproductive System

 

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Those with testicular feminization syndrome have
    A.an extra X chromosome.
    B. a missing X chromosome.
    C. an extra chromosome 23.
    D. no chromosomal number abnormalities.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.01
Topic: Reproductive System

 

True / False Questions

  1. Testosterone levels in the male embryo and fetus are very high throughout the prenatal period.
    FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.01
Topic: Reproductive System

  1. A male with 5 alpha-reductase deficiency will have male internal sex organs but more female appearing external genitals.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.01
Topic: Reproductive System

  1. During the first trimester of pregnancy, the ovaries are active endocrine glands.
    FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.02
Topic: Reproductive System

 

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Gonadotropic hormones from the anterior pituitary will affect the gonads in all of the following ways EXCEPT
    A.stimulation of spermatogenesis or oogenesis.
    B. stimulation of gonadal hormone secretion.
    C. development of internal genital ducts.
    D. maintenance of gonad structures.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.02
Topic: Reproductive System

 

True / False Questions

  1. The rate at which GnRH is secreted from the hypothalamus determines whether LH or FSH is secreted from the anterior pituitary.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.02
Topic: Reproductive System

  1. Inhibin prevents release of LH from the anterior pituitary.
    FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.02
Topic: Reproductive System

  1. The gonads have a negative feedback effect on gonadotropins of the anterior pituitary.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.02
Topic: Reproductive System

 

 

  1. Synthetic analogues of GnRH are useful in treating benign prostatic hyperplasia and endometriosis.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.02
Topic: Reproductive System

  1. The secretion of GnRH, FSH, and LH are pulsatile instead of continuous.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.02
Topic: Reproductive System

  1. In general, the onset of puberty occurs sooner in boys compared to girls.
    FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.02
Topic: Reproductive System

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. The first sign of puberty in females is
    A.breast development.
    B. menarche.
    C. growth spurt.
    D. axillary hair.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.02
Topic: Reproductive System

 

 

  1. What event(s) occur to start puberty?
    A.GABA release in hypothalamus is reduced.
    B. Glutamate stimulation of the hypothalamus is increased.
    C. Increased secretion of GnRH to the anterior pituitary.
    D. All of the choices are correct.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.02
Topic: Reproductive System

 

True / False Questions

  1. Epiphyseal growth in males is stimulated by estrogen.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.02
Topic: Reproductive System

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Pubic and axillary hair growth at puberty is from increased secretion of
    A.anterior pituitary gonadotropins.
    B. estrogen and testosterone from the onads.
    C. androgens from the adrenal cortex.
    D. melatonin from the pineal gland.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.02
Topic: Reproductive System

 

 

 

True / False Questions

  1. The role of melatonin in puberty of humans is well established and critical.
    FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.02
Topic: Reproductive System

  1. Longitudinal growth during development is dependent on estrogen stimulation of the epiphyseal growth plates in both males and females.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.02
Topic: Reproductive System

  1. Women who are very lean and physically active may have irregular cycles and amenorrhea.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.02
Topic: Reproductive System

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. In males androgens are required for
    A.initiation of spermatogenesis at puberty.
    B. regression of the wolffian ducts during embryonic development.
    C. maintenance of accessory sex organs.
    D. development of the Müllerian ducts.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.02
Topic: Reproductive System

 

 

  1. Which of the following is a precursor to melatonin synthesis?
    A.tryptophan
    B. serotonin
    C. tyrosine
    D. Both tryptophan and serotonin are correct.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.02
Topic: Reproductive System

  1. The correct order of the four phases of sexual response in both sexes would be
    A.excitation, plateau, orgasm, resolution.
    B. plateau, excitation, orgasm, resolution.
    C. orgasm, excitation, resolution, plateau.
    D. resolution, plateau, excitation, orgasm.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.02
Topic: Reproductive System

 

True / False Questions

  1. Women do not enter a refractory period following orgasm and are capable of multiple orgasms.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.02
Topic: Reproductive System

 

 

 

Matching Questions

  1. Match the event to the phase of sexual response.
1. 4. plateau      erection of penis and clitoris   2
2. 1. excitation      ejaculation in males and contraction of vagina in females   4
3. 3. resolution      return to pre-excitement condition   3
4. 2. orgasm      engorgement of labia with blood   1

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.02
Topic: Reproductive System

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. The majority of the testis is comprised of
    A.Leydig cells.
    B. interstitial cells.
    C. Sertoli cells.
    D. seminiferous tubules.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.03
Topic: Reproductive System

  1. Sertoli cells are stimulated by __________, while Leydig cells are stimulated by ________.
    A.FSH, LH
    B. LH, FSH
    C. testosterone, LH
    D. FSH, testosterone

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.03
Topic: Reproductive System

 

 

 

True / False Questions

  1. In males, conversion of testosterone to estrogen in the brain is essential for normal regulation of LH secretion.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.03
Topic: Reproductive System

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. What enzyme is needed for the conversion of testosterone into estradiol in the male brain?
    A.5-alpha reductase
    B. aromatase
    C. ATPase
    D. cGMP phosphodiesterase

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.03
Topic: Reproductive System

  1. Secretion of LH is inhibited by
    A.high concentrations of inhibin.
    B. rapidly rising concentrations of estradiol.
    C. high concentrations of testosterone.
    D. decreasing concentrations of progesterone.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Section: 20.03
Topic: Reproductive System

 

 

 

True / False Questions

  1. In males, the levels of testosterone decline drastically with age.
    FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.03
Topic: Reproductive System

  1. Developing sperm cells produce estrogen that may serve to regulate their environment.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.03
Topic: Reproductive System

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Male androgens
    A.stimulate protein synthesis and muscle growth.
    B. stimulate bone growth.
    C. stimulate erythropoiesis.
    D. All of the choices are correct.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.03
Topic: Reproductive System

 

 

  1. Estrogen may play a role in spermatogenesis as evidenced by estrogen receptors found on developing
    A.sperm cells.
    B. brains.
    C. uterine.
    D. oocytes.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.03
Topic: Reproductive System

 

True / False Questions

  1. Damage to the Sertoli cells would result in the production of antibodies against sperm cells.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.03
Topic: Reproductive System

  1. The Leydig cells of the testes constitute a blood-testis barrier that prevents autoimmune destruction of the sperm.
    FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.03
Topic: Reproductive System

  1. Secretions of the Sertoli cells and cells of Leydig influence the functions of each other.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.03
Topic: Reproductive System

 

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. What occurs during spermiogenesis?
    A.chromosomes are compacted by protamines
    B. flagellum and acrosome form
    C. cytoplasm removed by Sertoli cells
    D. All of the choices are correct.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.03
Topic: Reproductive System

  1. After meiosis I in males, ________ are formed.
    A.primary spermatocytes
    B. secondary spermatocytes
    C. spermatids
    D. spermatozoa

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.03
Topic: Reproductive System

  1. Apoptosis of T lymphocytes requires that Sertoli cells produce
    A.FAS ligand.
    B. androgen-binding protein.
    C. testosterone.
    D. All of these choices are correct.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.03
Topic: Reproductive System

 

 

  1. Spermatogenesis is regulated by
    A.FSH.
    B. testosterone and its derivatives.
    C. growth hormone.
    D. progesterone.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.03
Topic: Reproductive System

  1. Which of the following is NOT a function of Sertoli cells?
    A.production of androgen-binding protein
    B. FSH stimulation of spermiogenesis
    C. protection of developing sperm from the male’s immune system
    D. production of testosterone

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.03
Topic: Reproductive System

 

True / False Questions

  1. FSH is necessary for spermiogenesis to occur.
    FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.03
Topic: Reproductive System

 

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Tight junctions between ___________ are responsible for the formation of the blood-testis barrier.
    A.Leydig cells
    B. Sertoli cells
    C. spermatogonial cells
    D. trophoblast cells

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.03
Topic: Reproductive System

  1. Removal of the ___________ would result in a lack of energy in the semen to support the sperm cells.
    A.seminal vesicles
    B. prostate
    C. testis
    D. epididymis

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.03
Topic: Reproductive System

  1. Sperm are stored and matured in the
    A.vas deferens.
    B. seminal vesicles.
    C. epididymis.
    D. prostate gland.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.03
Topic: Reproductive System

 

 

  1. About 60% of the volume of semen is produced by the
    A.seminal vesicles.
    B. prostate gland.
    C. bulbourethral glands.
    D. testes.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.03
Topic: Reproductive System

 

True / False Questions

  1. Emission and ejaculation are under parasympathetic nerve control.
    FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.03
Topic: Reproductive System

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. The movement of semen into the urethra is called
    A.emission.
    B. erection.
    C. ejaculation.
    D. ovulation.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.03
Topic: Reproductive System

 

 

  1. Viagra works by blocking ________________ in order to raise cGMP concentration and promote vasodilation of vascular smooth muscle of the penis to produce an erection.
    A.5-alpha reductase
    B. aromatase
    C. ATPase
    D. cGMP phosphodiesterase

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.03
Topic: Reproductive System

  1. Nitric oxide released by endothelial cells in vascular smooth muscle is responsible for smooth muscle relaxation and therefore responsible for which of the following?
    A.reduced blood flow to bronchioles
    B. increased blood flow in placenta
    C. increased blood flow to the fetus
    D. penile erection

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.03
Topic: Reproductive System

  1. The most successful method of contraception is
    A.vasectomy.
    B. oral contraceptives.
    C. the rhythm method.
    D. condom usage.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.03
Topic: Reproductive System

 

 

  1. What allows the compaction of chromatin in the process of spermiogenesis?
    A.histones
    B. acrosome
    C. protamines
    D. testosterone

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.03
Topic: Reproductive System

  1. How many sperm are produced from one spermatogonium?
    A.one
    B. two
    C. four
    D. eight

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.03
Topic: Reproductive System

 

True / False Questions

  1. Male contraceptive drugs that would block FSH would be very effective for birth control.
    FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Section: 20.03
Topic: Reproductive System

  1. The myometrium is the inner most layer of the uterus.
    FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.04
Topic: Reproductive System

 

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Which of the following is NOT a part of the female reproductive system?
    A.ductus deferens
    B. uterus
    C. labia majora
    D. uterine tube

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.04
Topic: Reproductive System

  1. Which of the following is the essential organ of the female reproductive system?
    A.uterus
    B. vagina
    C. ovaries
    D. uterine tubes

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Section: 20.04
Topic: Reproductive System

 

True / False Questions

  1. Meiosis II is not completed in the secondary oocyte until after fertilization.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.04
Topic: Reproductive System

 

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Which part of the uterine wall responds to hormone stimulation as part of female cycles?
    A.stratum functionale of endometrium
    B. perimetrium
    C. stratum basale of endometrium
    D. myometrium

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.04
Topic: Reproductive System

  1. Ovarian granulosa cells synthesize estradiol which is produced by the theca interna cells from
    A.FSH.
    B. progesterone.
    C. testosterone.
    D. LH.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.04
Topic: Reproductive System

  1. Which is NOT characteristic of a graafian follicle?
    A.has a fluid-filled antrum
    B. granulosa cells secrete estradiol
    C. contains a secondary oocyte
    D. the oocyte has completed meiosis II

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.04
Topic: Reproductive System

 

 

  1. A follicle that does not complete development as a graafian follicle will
    A.rest until the next month.
    B. continue meiosis.
    C. become a primordial follicle.
    D. undergo follicle atresia.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.04
Topic: Reproductive System

  1. What structure of a mature follicle is a barrier to sperm and fertilization?
    A.zona pellucida
    B. corona radiata
    C. antrum
    D. cumulus oophorus

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.04
Topic: Reproductive System

 

True / False Questions

  1. The corpus luteum secretes both estradiol and progesterone.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.04
Topic: Reproductive System

 

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. What is it called when a mature follicle ruptures and ejects the oocyte into the uterine tube?
    A.gestation
    B. menstruation
    C. ovulation
    D. fertilization

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.04
Topic: Reproductive System

  1. What is formed following ovulation from the empty follicle due to LH influence?
    A.macula lutea
    B. corpus luteum
    C. fibroids
    D. Graafian follicle

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.04
Topic: Reproductive System

 

True / False Questions

  1. The follicular phase is characterized by elevated rising concentrations of estrogen.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.05
Topic: Reproductive System

 

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Luteal regression may be inhibited by
    A.inhibiting the synthesis of prostaglandins.
    B. stimulating the synthesis of progesterone.
    C. stimulating the synthesis of LH.
    D. inhibiting the synthesis of FSH.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.05
Topic: Reproductive System

  1. What hormone triggers ovulation?
    A.LH
    B. FSHC.
    C. progesterone
    D. hCG

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.04
Topic: Reproductive System

  1. The ___________ phase of the endometrium is supported when the ovary is in the luteal phase.
    A.proliferative
    B. secretory
    C. menstrual
    D. ovulatory

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.05
Topic: Reproductive System

 

 

  1. Estradiol amounts rise during the ___________ phase of the endometrial menstrual cycle.
    A.proliferative
    B. menstrual
    C. secretory
    D. follicular

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.05
Topic: Reproductive System

  1. In the female menstrual cycle
    A.ovulation is stimulated by decreasing concentrations of progesterone.
    B. menstruation occurs during the last four days of the cycle.
    C. progesterone secretion is stimulated by LH.
    D. the luteal phase is characterized by high circulating concentrations of estrogens.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.05
Topic: Reproductive System

  1. Spotting between menstrual cycles is termed
    A.amenorrhea.
    B. dysmenorrhea.
    C. menorrhagia.
    D. metrorrhagia.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.05
Topic: Reproductive System

 

 

  1. The secretory phase of the endometrium occurs when the ovary is in the
    A.follicular phase.
    B. luteal phase.
    C. menstrual phase.
    D. ovulatory phase.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.05
Topic: Reproductive System

  1. Women who are thin, athletic, and under prolonged stress which leads to inadequate GnRH release may experience cessation of menstruation or
    A.dysmenorrhea.
    B. menorrhea.
    C. metrorrhea.
    D. functional amenorrhea.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.05
Topic: Reproductive System

 

True / False Questions

  1. An oocyte is contained in a membrane sac called a follicle.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.04
Topic: Reproductive System

 

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. How many ova are produced by oogenesis of one oogonia?
    A.one
    B. two
    C. four
    D. eight

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.04
Topic: Reproductive System

  1. What are the small cells produced by the uneven cytoplasmic divisions or oogenesis?
    A.thecal cells
    B. follicles
    C. antrum
    D. polar bodies

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.04
Topic: Reproductive System

 

True / False Questions

  1. Ovulation occurs around day 14 of the ovarian cycle.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.04
Topic: Reproductive System

 

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Day 1 of the menstrual cycle is
    A.the day ovulation occurs.
    B. the first day of the menses.
    C. the last day of the menses.
    D. the first day of the proliferative phase.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.05
Topic: Reproductive System

  1. What is the major hormone produced during the luteal phase?
    A.progesterone
    B. estrogen
    C. androgen
    D. hCG

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.05
Topic: Reproductive System

  1. The LH surge is caused by a ______ feedback effect of increased estradiol.
    A.positive
    B. negative

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.05
Topic: Reproductive System

 

 

  1. The LH surge is caused by
    A.estradiol increasing frequency of GnRH pulses.
    B. more FSH receptors placed in granulosa cells.
    C. a quick drop in FSH.
    D. rapid increase in progesterone.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.05
Topic: Reproductive System

  1. The LH surge causes
    A.menses.
    B. ovulation.
    C. endometrium build-up.
    D. All of the choices are correct.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.05
Topic: Reproductive System

  1. High progesterone levels during the luteal phase
    A.causes cervical mucus to thicken.
    B. suppresses FSH and LH.
    C. causes thickening of the endometrium.
    D. All of the choices are correct.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.05
Topic: Reproductive System

 

 

 

True / False Questions

  1. Pheromones are responsible for the dormitory effect of synchronized menstrual cycles of females living together.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.05
Topic: Reproductive System

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. The Contraceptive Pill contains
    A.FSH.
    B. estrogen.
    C. progesterone.
    D. estrogen and progesterone.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.05
Topic: Reproductive System

  1. For the rhythm method to be successful, coitus (sexual intercourse) must not happen
    A.during the first 10 days of the menstrual cycle.
    B. 6 days prior to ovulation through 2 days after ovulation.
    C. during the last 10 days of the menstrual cycle.
    D. Both during the first 10 days of the menstrual cycle and during the last 10 days of the menstrual cycle.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.05
Topic: Reproductive System

 

 

  1. The secretion of gonadotropins (FSH and LH) will ___________ during menopause.
    A.increase
    B. decrease
    C. remain the same

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.05
Topic: Reproductive System

  1. The weak form of estrogen found in the blood of postmenopausal women is termed
    A.estrogen.
    B. progesterone.
    C. estrone.
    D. menopausal estrogen.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.05
Topic: Reproductive System

 

True / False Questions

  1. Having a greater amount of fat tissue after menopause may reduce the occurance of osteoporosis.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Section: 20.05
Topic: Reproductive System

 

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. The process of sperm gaining the ability to fertilize an ovum as they pass through the female reproductive tract is called
    A.capacitation.
    B. receptiveness.
    C. spermatogenesis.
    D. spermiogenesis.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.06
Topic: Human Development and Growth

  1. The __________ provides enzymes that allows the sperm to digest a pathway through the zona pellucida to the oocyte.
    A.chorion
    B. zygote
    C. acrosome
    D. blastocyst

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.06
Topic: Human Development and Growth

  1. What ion is released by the fertilized egg that prevents polyspermy?
    A.Na+
    B. K+
    C. Cl
    D. Ca2+

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.06
Topic: Human Development and Growth

 

 

  1. Besides chromosomes, what else does the sperm provide to the zygote that is necessary for cell division to occur?
    A.mitochondria
    B. centrosome
    C. enzymes
    D. All of the choices are correct.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.06
Topic: Human Development and Growth

  1. The calcium wave that prevents polyspermy also causes
    A.the sperm to lose its tail.
    B. the secondary oocyte to finish meiosis II.
    C. mitosis to occur.
    D. All of these choices are correct.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.06
Topic: Human Development and Growth

  1. The trophoblast cells of the chorion secrete _____ which maintains the corpus luteum thereby preventing menstruation.
    A.GnRH
    B. ACTH
    C. hCG
    D. FSH

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.06
Topic: Human Development and Growth

 

 

  1. The progressive fusion of the acrosomal membrane with the plasma membrane of the sperm is called the
    A.spermatogenesis.
    B. acrosomal reaction.
    C. spermiogenesis.
    D. capacitation.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.06
Topic: Human Development and Growth

  1. Ova are fertilized in the
    A.cervix.
    B. fallopian tubes.
    C. uterus.
    D. vagina.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.06
Topic: Human Development and Growth

  1. A fertilized egg is called a(n)
    A.zygote.
    B. blastocyst.
    C. morula.
    D. embryo.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.06
Topic: Human Development and Growth

 

 

  1. What process occurs as the zygote travels toward the uterus in the fallopian tubes?
    A.cleavage
    B. fertilization
    C. capacitation
    D. polyspermy

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.06
Topic: Human Development and Growth

  1. In vitro fertilization involves a technique called
    A.implantation.
    B. cleavage.
    C. ICSI.
    D. acrosomal reaction.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.06
Topic: Human Development and Growth

  1. A ball of about eight cells formed about 50 to 60 hours after fertilization is called a
    A.zygote.
    B. morula.
    C. blastocyst.
    D. embryo.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.06
Topic: Human Development and Growth

 

 

  1. Nidation is the process of the blastocyst implanting itself into the thick
    A.myometrium.
    B. fallopian tubes.
    C. endometrium.
    D. epimetrium.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.06
Topic: Human Development and Growth

  1. A stem cell that can give rise to all tissues except the trophoblast cells of the placenta is called
    A.totipotent.
    B. retropotent.
    C. multipotent.
    D. pluripotent.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.06
Topic: Human Development and Growth

  1. The blastocyst consists of the
    A.blastocyst and amnion.
    B. morula and placenta.
    C. chorion and inner cell mass.
    D. embryo and chorion.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.06
Topic: Human Development and Growth

 

 

  1. The possibility that nuclear transplantation from one cell to another could produce stem cells is referred to as
    A.totipotent cloning.
    B. reproductive cloning.
    C. therapeutic cloning.
    D. multipotent cloning.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.06
Topic: Human Development and Growth

  1. The ability of a cell to give rise to an entire organism if implanted in a uterus is termed
    A.totipotent.
    B. multipotent.
    C. pluripotent.
    D. reproductive cloning.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.06
Topic: Human Development and Growth

 

True / False Questions

  1. Inhibition of the decidual reaction would prevent placental formation.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Section: 20.06
Topic: Human Development and Growth

 

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. What is the procedure in which some amnionic fluid is aspired in order to obtain sloughed off fetal cells for examination?
    A.placentocentesis
    B. amniocentesis
    C. chorioncentesis
    D. uterocentesis

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.06
Topic: Human Development and Growth

  1. The chorion frondosum develops from the ___________ layer of the chorion.
    A.cytotrophoblast
    B. yolk sac
    C. syncytiotrophoblast
    D. amnion

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.06
Topic: Human Development and Growth

  1. What is a noninvasive method of determining structural abnormalities in the fetus called?
    A.ultrasound
    B. chorionic villi biopsy
    C. X-ray
    D. amniocentesis

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.06
Topic: Human Development and Growth

 

 

  1. Induced pluripotent stem cells are useful for all of the following EXCEPT
    A.to test drugs for treatments of diseases.
    B. to generate cells with genetic diseases for study.
    C. to produce stem cells to treat diseases.
    D. to cause cancer.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.06
Topic: Human Development and Growth

  1. Gonadotropic hormones include all of the following EXCEPT
    A.adrenocorticotropin.
    B. follicle-stimulating hormone.
    C. luteinizing hormone.
    D. human chorionic gonadotropin.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.06
Topic: Human Development and Growth

  1. The last embryonic tissue layer to form is the
    A.trophoblast.
    B. endoderm.
    C. ectoderm.
    D. mesoderm.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.06
Topic: Human Development and Growth

 

 

  1. Genetic disorders can be detected earliest by
    A.amniocentesis.
    B. chorionic villus biopsy.
    C. newborn screening.
    D. ultrasound.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.06
Topic: Human Development and Growth

  1. What hormone is secreted by the trophoblast cells of the chorion that is used in a pregnancy test to determine if a woman is pregnant?
    A.LH
    B. hCG
    C. estrogen
    D. oxytocin

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.06
Topic: Human Development and Growth

 

True / False Questions

  1. The chorionic membrane of the zygote has genes from the father and is therefore foreign to the mother’s immune system.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.06
Topic: Human Development and Growth

 

 

  1. The placenta has surface FAS ligand receptors that causes apoptosis of T lymphocytes and thus prevents immune system attack.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.06
Topic: Human Development and Growth

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. The maternal contribution to the placenta is the
    A.decidua basalis.
    B. chorion frondosum.
    C. chorionic villi.
    D. yolk sac.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.06
Topic: Human Development and Growth

  1. Blood within the umbilical ___________ contain(s) high concentrations of fetal waste products.
    A.arteries
    B. veins
    C. capillaries

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Section: 20.06
Topic: Human Development and Growth

 

 

 

True / False Questions

  1. The placenta is unable to synthesize estrogens from cholesterol.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.06
Topic: Human Development and Growth

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. The __________ is an “incomplete endocrine gland” because it cannot produce estrogen and progesterone without the aid of precursors supplied to it by both the mother and the fetus.
    A.ovary
    B. uterus
    C. placenta
    D. uterine tube

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.06
Topic: Human Development and Growth

  1. Increased maternal lipolysis is stimulated by the secretion of ___________ by the placenta.
    A.human chorionic gonadotropin
    B. chorionic somatomammotropin
    C. progesterone
    D. estrogen

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.06
Topic: Human Development and Growth

 

 

  1. The placental hormone which stimulates glucose sparing by maternal tissues is
    A.chorionic somatomammotropin.
    B. chorionic gonadotropin.
    C. progesterone.
    D. estrogen.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.06
Topic: Human Development and Growth

  1. Initiation of labor involves all of the following EXCEPT
    A.corticotropin-releasing hormone from the placenta.
    B. DHEAS from the fetal adrenal gland.
    C. cortisol from the mother and fetus.
    D. human chorionic gonadotropin from the placenta.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.06
Topic: Human Development and Growth

 

True / False Questions

  1. Cortisol from the fetal adrenal gland will stimulate maturation of the lungs and production of surfactant.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.06
Topic: Human Development and Growth

  1. DHEAS travels from the fetal adrenal cortex to the placenta where it is converted into oxytocin.
    FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.06
Topic: Human Development and Growth

 

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Which of the following is NOT a role of estriol in parturition?
    A.produces more receptors for oxytocin
    B. produces the hormone relaxin
    C. produces more receptors for prostaglandins
    D. produces more gap junctions between myometrial cells

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.06
Topic: Human Development and Growth

  1. What hormone may play a role in reducing the size of the uterus following delivery?
    A.progesterone
    B. prostaglandin
    C. oxytocin
    D. prolactin

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.06
Topic: Human Development and Growth

  1. The sensitivity of the uterus to oxytocin is increased by
    A.prostaglandin.
    B. progesterone.
    C. testosterone.
    D. estrogen.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.06
Topic: Human Development and Growth

 

 

  1. In humans parturition can be blocked by
    A.inhibiting the actions of progesterone.
    B. stimulating the actions of estrogen.
    C. inhibiting the actions of oxytocin.
    D. stimulating the actions of chorionic gonadotropin.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.06
Topic: Human Development and Growth

  1. Genetic screening of newborns using only a drop of blood can determine which of the following genetic disorders?
    A.hypothyroidism
    B. cystic fibrosis
    C. sickle cell anemia
    D. All of the choices are correct.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.06
Topic: Human Development and Growth

 

True / False Questions

  1. Dopamine may function as a prolactin-inhibiting hormone.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.06
Topic: Human Development and Growth

 

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. What hormone is secreted by the anterior pituitary that stimulates production of milk proteins?
    A.oxytocin
    B. growth hormone
    C. MSH
    D. prolactin

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.06
Topic: Human Development and Growth

  1. Milk let-down
    A.is stimulated by epinephrine.
    B. relies only on autonomic nerves.
    C. is inhibited by oxytocin.
    D. may occur in response to auditory cues.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.06
Topic: Human Development and Growth

  1. Development of the mammary gland during gestation
    A.is inhibited by estrogens.
    B. is stimulated by estrogens.
    C. is elevated when dopamine is given to pregnant women.
    D. requires the permissive effects of insulin, testosterone, and cortisol.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.06
Topic: Human Development and Growth

 

 

  1. Infants that are breastfed receive which of the following from the mother?
    A.IgA
    B. IgG
    C. IgF
    D. IgE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.06
Topic: Human Development and Growth

 

True / False Questions

  1. The stimulus of sucking causes release of prolactin-releasing hormone via a neuroendocrine reflex.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Section: 20.06
Topic: Human Development and Growth

  1. Breastfeeding is an excellent contraceptive for women in developed countries.
    FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: 20.06
Topic: Human Development and Growth

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