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Integrated Principles of Zoology 16th Edition Hickman Keen Larson Test Bank

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Integrated Principles of Zoology 16th Edition Hickman Keen Larson Test Bank

ISBN-13: 978-0073524214

ISBN-10: 0073524212

Description

Integrated Principles of Zoology 16th Edition Hickman Keen Larson Test Bank

ISBN-13: 978-0073524214

ISBN-10: 0073524212

 

 

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Chapter 36

Animal Behavior

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Questions concerned with proximate causation of a behavior would focus on
    A.Its evolutionary origin using comparative methodology
    B. Its genetic origin using recombinant DNA techniques
    C. Its physiological cause and effect using experimentation
    D. Its ancestry using a cladogram
    E. None of the choices are correct

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s level: 2. Understand
Gradable: automatic
Section: The Lengthening Shadow of One Person
Topic: The Lengthening Shadow of One Person

  1. Ethologists carry out all of the follow except
    A. Attempt to study the behavior of an animal in its natural habitat
    B.  Have demonstrated that behavioral traits can be isolated and measured
    C.  Have demonstrated that behavioral traits have evolutionary histories
    D.  Attempt to study the behavior of an animal in a laboratory environment where all variables can be controlled
    E.  identify general laws of behavior that apply to many species.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
Section: The Lengthening Shadow of One Person
Topic: The Lengthening Shadow of One Person

 

 

  1. The effort to experiment with animals to determine general laws of behavior that might also apply to humans is
    A.Sociology
    B. Behavioral ecology
    C. Comparative psychology
    D. Sociobiology
    E. Ethology

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
Section: The Lengthening Shadow of One Person
Topic: The Lengthening Shadow of One Person

  1. Sociobiology, the ethological study of social behavior, was originated by
    A.Konrad Lorenz
    B. Edward O. Wilson
    C. Niko Tinbergen
    D. Charles Darwin
    E. Karl von Frisch

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
Section: The Lengthening Shadow of One Person
Topic: The Lengthening Shadow of One Person

  1. What is a stimulus that triggers a stereotypical behavior called?
    A. A goal or accomplishment
    B.  A release or sign stimulus
    C.  Imprinting
    D.  A drive or innate stimulus
    E.  A reflex arc

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
Section: Describing Behavior: Principles of Classical Ethology
Topic: Describing Behavior: Principles of Classical Ethology

 

 

  1. Tinbergen’s male stickleback fish would attack models of other males if the models had
    A.A wide gaping mouth
    B. A red underside
    C. A fat pregnant profile
    D. Three spines
    E. The exact full shape of a normal stickleback fish

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
Section: Describing Behavior: Principles of Classical Ethology
Topic: Describing Behavior: Principles of Classical Ethology

  1. If a behavior is most closely associated with an organism’s genetic makeup and is identical to behavior in other members of the species, the behavior is referred to as
    A. Innate
    B.  Conditioned
    C.  Trial-and-error
    D.  Learned

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
Section: Control of Behavior
Topic: Control of Behavior

  1. At first puppies crouch in fear when a leaf flutters overhead. Later they learn to disregard it. This mode of learning is termed What is this called?
    A. Imprinting
    B.  Habituation
    C.  Conditioned response
    D.  Sensitization
    E.  Cooperative behavior

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
Section: Control of Behavior
Topic: Control of Behavior

 

 

  1. Imprinting includes all of the following except
    A. Illustrates another form of learned behavior
    B.  Is confined to a brief sensitive period in the individual’s early life
    C.  Is permanent once it is established
    D.  Can be modified base on experience

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s level: 2. Understand
Gradable: automatic
Section: Control of Behavior
Topic: Control of Behavior

  1. If a male white-crowned sparrow is hatched and reared in isolation but allowed during a critical period of imprinting (10 to 50 days after hatching) to hear the song of a male from another species, the bird most likely will
    A. Only learn the appropriate song of its own species
    B.  Sing the appropriate song of the other species
    C.  Try to modify the crude song it was “born with” with the other-species song and produce a unique song
    D.  Not sing at all
    E.  develop an abnormal song.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
Section: Control of Behavior
Topic: Control of Behavior

  1. A benefit of social organization may be
    A.Protection from predators
    B. Cooperation in hunting for food
    C. To facilitate contact between males and females
    D. All of the choices are benefits
    E. None of the choices are correct

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s level: 2. Understand
Gradable: automatic
Section: Social Behavior
Topic: Social Behavior

 

 

  1. An example of social organization is
    A.Barnacles attached to a boat bottom
    B. A beehive in full activity
    C. A cloud of moths attracted to a light
    D. A swarm of mosquitoes hovering around a sweaty person
    E. All of the choices are social gatherings

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
Section: Social Behavior
Topic: Social Behavior

  1. Aggressive behavior between sexual rivals
    A. Is rare in mammals
    B.  Is characteristically nonviolent and ritualized
    C.  Usually results in death or injury of one opponent
    D.  Occurs equally among females as among males
    E.  None of the choices are correct

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
Section: Social Behavior
Topic: Social Behavior

  1. The function of territoriality may be
    A.To reduce intraspecific fighting
    B. To ensure food supply
    C. For mating and rearing of young
    D. All of the choices are correct
    E. None of the choices are correct

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s level: 2. Understand
Gradable: automatic
Section: Social Behavior
Topic: Social Behavior

 

 

  1. A territory
    A.Is a defended area from which animals of the same species are excluded
    B. Is a defended area from which animals of all species are excluded
    C. Is the same as an animal’s home range
    D. Is much more common among mammals than birds
    E. None of the choices are correct

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
Section: Social Behavior
Topic: Social Behavior

  1. When many female seals gather on a small island so the few dominant males can gain access and defend their groupings of females, this represents
    A.A lek
    B. Female defense polygyny
    C. Male defense polyandry
    D. Male dominance polygyny
    E. Resource defense polygyny

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
Section: Social Behavior
Topic: Social Behavior

  1. The leader of a troop of baboons defends his family, or honeybees defend their hive “to the death”, what is this apparent behavior of risking one’s life for others is called
    A. Altruism
    B.  Sexual selection
    C.  Ritualization
    D.  Competition
    E.  Agonistic behavior

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
Section: Social Behavior
Topic: Social Behavior

 

 

  1. Altruistic behaviors between closely related animals
    A.Force individuals to cooperate with one another and thereby increase population growth
    B. Increase the frequency of the altruistic genes in the next generation
    C. Reduce cooperation between species
    D. Ensure the survival of the altruistic individual but not his close relatives
    E. All of the choices are correct

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
Section: Social Behavior
Topic: Social Behavior

  1. Evolutionary modification of a normal behavior into a display to improve communication is called
    A. Altruism
    B.  Ritualization
    C.  Imprinting
    D.  Sensitization
    E.  Habituation

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
Section: Social Behavior
Topic: Social Behavior

  1. The waggle dance helps bees
    A. Communicate when they are hungry
    B.  Show aggression
    C.  Communicate the location of food
    D.  Sound the alarm to protect the hive when it is invaded
    E.  Find mates

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
Section: Social Behavior
Topic: Social Behavior

 

 

  1. If food is close to the hive,
    A.No dance is necessary to communicate a source that is within eyesight
    B. The bees dance in a very small figure-8
    C. The bees perform a round dance
    D. The bees dance in a straight “bee line.”
    E. None of the choices are correct

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
Section: Social Behavior
Topic: Social Behavior

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. The ethological study of social behavior in animals, originated by E. O. Wilson in 1975, is called ______.
    sociobiology

 

Bloom’s level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
Section: The Lengthening Shadow of One Person
Topic: The Lengthening Shadow of One Person

  1. The three ethologists who were awarded the Nobel Prize are von Frisch, Lorenz, and ____________.
    Niko Tinbergen

 

Bloom’s level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
Section: The Lengthening Shadow of One Person
Topic: The Lengthening Shadow of One Person

 

 

  1. Egg-rolling movement of gray-lag geese is an example of fixed or ____________ behavior.
    stereotypical

 

Bloom’s level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
Section: Describing Behavior: Principles of Classical Ethology
Topic: Describing Behavior: Principles of Classical Ethology

  1. Much of an animal’s behavior is triggered by a few key signals called ____________ or sign stimuli.
    releasers

 

Bloom’s level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
Section: Describing Behavior: Principles of Classical Ethology
Topic: Describing Behavior: Principles of Classical Ethology

  1. Behavior carried out in an orderly, predictable sequence is referred to as ___________ behavior.
    stereotypical

 

Bloom’s level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
Section: Describing Behavior: Principles of Classical Ethology
Topic: Describing Behavior: Principles of Classical Ethology

  1. The invariable, predictable, stereotyped behavior of animals that does not require learning is called ____________ behavior.
    innate

 

Bloom’s level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
Section: Control of Behavior
Topic: Control of Behavior

 

 

  1. A simple kind of learning in which there is a reduction or elimination of a response in the absence of any reward or punishment is called ____________.
    habituation

 

Bloom’s level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
Section: Control of Behavior
Topic: Control of Behavior

  1. An activity related to fighting, whether it be aggression, defense, submission, or retreat, is called ____________ behavior.
    agonistic

 

Bloom’s level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
Section: Social Behavior
Topic: Social Behavior

  1. One kind of learning behavior, illustrated by goslings that will follow the first moving object they see (usually their mother) is called ____________.
    imprinting

 

Bloom’s level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
Section: Control of Behavior
Topic: Control of Behavior

  1. The social ranking that serves to reduce social tensions within a social order is called a _________ _________.
    dominance hierarchy

 

Bloom’s level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
Section: Social Behavior
Topic: Social Behavior

 

 

  1. The undefended area over which many mammals move in their daily travels is called a ______ ______.
    home range

 

Bloom’s level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
Section: Social Behavior
Topic: Social Behavior

  1. Honeybees communicate the location of food resources by two types of dances, the round dance and the ____________ dance.
    waggle

 

Bloom’s level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
Section: Social Behavior
Topic: Social Behavior

 

Essay Questions

  1. Why is territoriality considered an alternative to dominance behavior?

Answers will vary.

 

Bloom’s level: 2. Understand
Section: Social Behavior
Topic: Social Behavior

  1. Explain the difference between proximate causation and ultimate (evolutionary) causation.

Answers will vary.

 

Bloom’s level: 4. Analyze
Gradable: manual
Section: Social Behavior
Topic: Social Behavior

 

 

  1. Why do you suppose the concept of sociobiology, a subdiscipline founded on basic biological principles and comparative behavior, runs into such a public buzz saw of disapproval?

Answers will vary.

 

Bloom’s level: 2. Understand
Gradable: manual
Section: Describing Behavior: Principles of Classical Ethology
Topic: Describing Behavior: Principles of Classical Ethology

  1. Compare the properties of innate behavior with those of learned behavior. How does a researcher separate the two in nature?

Answers will vary.

 

Bloom’s level: 3. Apply
Gradable: manual
Section: Control of Behavior
Topic: Control of Behavior

  1. Explain the complexity of the hereditary transmission of most innate behavior. Why is it so difficult to study?

Answers will vary.

 

Bloom’s level: 4. Analyze
Section: Control of Behavior
Topic: Control of Behavior

  1. What properties of organisms, species, and ecosystems make the study of behavior so much more complex, than say, the study of a single reaction under controlled conditions in a test tube?

Answers will vary.

 

Bloom’s level: 4. Analyze

 

 

  1. Compare and contrast habituation and sensitization. Are the two concepts really different? If so, explain how.

Answers will vary.

 

Bloom’s level: 4. Analyze
Section: Control of Behavior
Topic: Control of Behavior

  1. Discuss the properties of imprinting. How could any kind of imprinting have evolved?

Answers will vary.

 

Bloom’s level: 2. Understand
Gradable: manual
Section: Control of Behavior
Topic: Control of Behavior

  1. Identify the significance of the following: aggression, agonistic behavior, ritualized displays, ritualization, and dominance hierarchy.

 

Bloom’s level: 2. Understand
Gradable: manual
Section: Social Behavior
Topic: Social Behavior

  1. How are territories and ranges different? What is the purpose of distinguishing between the two when neither territory nor range can be exactly quantified?

Answers will vary.

 

Bloom’s level: 2. Understand
Gradable: manual
Section: Social Behavior
Topic: Social Behavior

 

 

  1. Many people believe that kin selection, group selection, and mutual altrusim are not controlled by genes. What evidence would you present to show that this is or is not so?

 

Bloom’s level: 5. Evaluate
Gradable: manual
Section: Social Behavior
Topic: Social Behavior

  1. Outline the “language of the bees” according to the different types of dances expressed from foraging workers.

Answers will vary.

 

Bloom’s level: 2. Understand
Gradable: manual
Section: Social Behavior
Topic: Social Behavior

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