Sale!

Law and Ethics for Health Professions 7th Edition Judson Harrison Test Bank

$80.00 $12.99

Law and Ethics for Health Professions 7th Edition Judson Harrison Test Bank

ISBN-13: 978-0073513836

ISBN-10: 0073513830

 

Description

Law and Ethics for Health Professions 7th Edition Judson Harrison Test Bank

ISBN-13: 978-0073513836

ISBN-10: 0073513830

 

 

 

Be the best nurse you can be:

Nursing test banks are legit and very helpful. This test bank on this page can be downloaded immediately after you checkout today.

Here is the definition of nursing

Its true that you will receive the entire legit test bank for this book and it can happen today regardless if its day or night. We have made the process automatic for you so that you don’t have to wait.

We encourage you to purchase from only a trustworthy provider:

Our site is one of the most confidential websites on the internet. We maintain no logs and guarantee it. Our website is also encrypted with an SSL on the entire website which will show on your browser with a lock symbol. This means not a single person can view any information.

Have any comments or suggestions?

When you get your file today you will be able to open it on your device and start studying for your class right now.

Remember, this is a digital download that is automatically given to you after you checkout today.

Free Nursing Test Questions:

 

Chapter 13

Health Care Trends and Forecasts

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. What is the term for those individuals who have a vested interest in the health care industry?
    A. stakeholders
    B.  consumers
    C.  providers
    D.  agents
    E.  politicians

Those who have a vested interest in the health care industry in the United States, and in any efforts to reform the industry, are called stakeholders.

 

ABHES: none
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s: Remember
CAAHEP: none
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 13.01
Topic: Whom does the health care system serve?

 

 

  1. Which of the following stakeholders are considered to be at the head of the list?
    A. employers
    B.  health care practitioners
    C.  insurance companies
    D.  the public
    E.  the government

The patients who use health care services will always be at the head of the list of stakeholders. When health problems arise, everyone wants the best medical care available, conveniently delivered, at an affordable cost.

 

ABHES: none
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s: Remember
CAAHEP: none
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 13.01
Topic: Whom does the health care system serve?

  1. Employers hope to contract with health care providers who can deliver quality services at a reasonable cost because they provide which of the following to their employees?
    A. wages
    B.  Medicare
    C.  workers’ compensation
    D.  bonuses
    E.  health care benefits

Since employers often provide health care benefits for employees, they hope to contract with health care providers who can deliver quality services at a reasonable cost.

 

ABHES: none
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s: Remember
CAAHEP: none
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 13.01
Topic: Whom does the health care system serve?

 

 

  1. Programs such as Medicare, Medicaid, the Federal Employees Health Benefits Program, the Military Health System, the Veterans Health Administration, the Indian Health Service, and the State Children’s Health Insurance Program help to pay the costs of health care services. What health care stakeholder is involved in this concept?
    A. health care facilities
    B.  health care practitioners
    C.  governments
    D.  managed care organizations
    E.  private insurance

Governments help pay the cost of health care services through Medicare, Medicaid, the Federal Employees Health Benefits Program, the Military Health System, the Veterans Health Administration, the Indian Health Service, the State Children’s Health Insurance Program, and other state and federal government-financed programs. For that reason, governments are near the top of the list of health care stakeholders.

 

ABHES: none
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s: Remember
CAAHEP: none
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 13.01
Topic: Whom does the health care system serve?

 

 

  1. Which of the following sell health care policies to individuals, agreeing to pay certain health care costs?
    A. private insurers
    B.  governments
    C.  managed care organizations
    D.  professional associations
    E.  Medicaid

Private insurance companies sell health care policies to individuals, agreeing to pay certain health care costs for policy holders for a fee. Fees are based on age, general state of health, preexisting medical conditions, and other factors that result in lower or higher rates, depending on each client’s profile.

 

ABHES: none
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s: Remember
CAAHEP: none
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 13.01
Topic: Whom does the health care system serve?

  1. Which of the following organizations reimburse health care providers with a focus on the bottom line: making a profit?
    A. Medicare
    B.  Medicaid
    C.  managed care organizations
    D.  state children’s health insurance program
    E.  voluntary facilities

As for-profit organizations, the managed care organization’s focus is on the bottom line—helping reimburse health care providers while at the same time earning a profit. The other choices are government programs that help pay the cost of health care services through state or federal funding.

 

ABHES: none
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s: Remember
CAAHEP: none
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 13.01
Topic: Whom does the health care system serve?

 

 

  1. Which of the following health care stakeholders mandates licensing and/or certification of certain health care practitioners?
    A. federal government
    B.  state government
    C.  training institutions
    D.  professional associations
    E.  insurance companies

Each state’s medical practice acts mandate licensing and/or certification for certain health care practitioners; therefore, the state government is the stakeholder involved in licensing and certification. Any training institution that prepares health care practitioners to administer health care has a huge stake in the health care system, and also influences the system proportionately according to the quality and quantity of the practitioners they prepare. Professional associations and other industry organizations establish and monitor health care practitioner ethics, and offer advice and support for members of their diverse groups.

 

ABHES: none
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s: Remember
CAAHEP: none
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 13.01
Topic: Whom does the health care system serve?

 

 

  1. The term that describes the amount of money that health care stakeholders spend on health care in the United States is:
    A. cost
    B.  access
    C.  quality
    D.  value
    E.  insurance

Cost refers to the amount individuals, employers, state and federal governments, managed care organizations, private insurers, and other ­stakeholders spend on health care in the United States. Access is the number of people who have access to health care services—that is, the number of people for whom the services are available and for which they as consumers can pay. This also helps determine costs. In addition, the cost of health care services also directly affects the quality, or degree of excellence, of health care services offered.

 

ABHES: none
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s: Remember
CAAHEP: none
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 13.02
Topic: Cost, access, and quality

 

 

  1. The total cost of health care in the United States is often expressed as a percentage of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP). The GDP represents what percentage of the country’s income for all goods and services?
    A. 15%
    B.  25%
    C.  75%
    D.  85%
    E.  100%

The total cost of health care in the United States is often expressed as a percentage of the country’s gross domestic product. The gross domestic product (GDP) represents 100 ­percent of the country’s income for all goods and services.

 

ABHES: none
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s: Remember
CAAHEP: none
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 13.02
Topic: Cost, access, and quality

 

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true of the gross domestic product (GDP)?
    A. The percentage of the GDP represented by health care spending was first determined in 1975.
    B.  The percentage of the GDP represented by health care spending has been decreasing steadily over the years.
    C.  In 2014, according to U.S. government figures, health care spending had risen to 17.7 percent of the GDP.
    D.  The national coalition on health care predicts that by 2015, the United States will most likely be spending 30 percent of the country’s GDP on health care.
    E.  Average per person spending on health care in the united states is $15,000

The percentage of the GDP represented by health care spending was first determined in 1960, and it has been steadily increasing ever since. In 1960, health care spending accounted for slightly more than 5 percent of the GDP. In 2014, according to U.S. government figures, health care spending had risen to more than 17 ­percent of the GDP. The Congressional Budget Office predicts that by 2038, the United States will most likely be spending 22 percent of the country’s GDP on health care. The average spending per person on health care in 2014 is estimated to be $8,508.

 

ABHES: none
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s: Understand
CAAHEP: none
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 13.02
Topic: Cost, access, and quality

 

 

  1. If current trends with the percentage of the GDP represented by health care spending continue, by 2038, the Congressional Budget Office projects health care spending could easily exceed what percentage of the GDP?
    A. 17
    B.  22
    C.  30
    D.  35
    E.  40

By 2038, the Congressional Budget Office projects that health care spending could easily exceed 22 percent of the GDP.

 

ABHES: none
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s: Remember
CAAHEP: none
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 13.02
Topic: Cost, access, and quality

  1. According to a 2014 report by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, which of the following countries spends the most on health care?
    A. Japan
    B.  China
    C.  United Kingdom
    D.  United States
    E.  Germany

The U.S. spends the most on health care – 17.7 percent of the GDP in 2014.

 

ABHES: none
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s: Remember
CAAHEP: none
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 13.02
Topic: Cost, access, and quality

 

 

  1. According to the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, in 2013 state and local governments spent how much of their budgets on health care costs?
    A. 10 percent
    B.  20.5 percent
    C.  31.5 percent
    D.  40.5 percent
    E.  45.2 percent

The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, as well as the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, estimated that state and local governments spent approximately 31.5% of their budget on health care costs.

 

ABHES: none
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s: Remember
CAAHEP: none
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 13.02
Topic: Cost, access, and quality

  1. According to a study done by the Commonwealth Fund in 2013, what percentage of U.S. adults spent a lot of time dealing with insurance paperwork and disputes with insurance companies?
    A. 25%
    B.  32%
    C.  45%
    D.  60%
    E.  75%

About one in three (32%) of U.S. adults spend a lot of time dealing with the insurance paperwork and disputes. Other countries with competitive health insurance markets report that at most only about 25% of adults report problems.

 

ABHES: none
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s: Understand
CAAHEP: none
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 13.02
Topic: Cost, access, and quality

 

 

  1. According to the Health Care Cost Institute, what percentage of our health care costs are spent on new technology?
    A. 20 to 30%
    B.  30 to 35%
    C.  35 to 55%
    D.  38 to 64%
    E.  45 to 70%

New computer-aided diagnostic and therapeutic equipment and techniques generate about 38 to 64% of increased health care costs. Duplication of expensive technology also adds to the cost.

 

ABHES: none
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s: Remember
CAAHEP: none
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 13.02
Topic: Cost, access, and quality

  1. According to the Health Care Cost Institute, the increase in chronic diseases cases by 2023 will add how much in treatment costs and lost economic productivity?
    A. $500 million
    B.  $50 billion
    C.  $500 billion
    D.  $2.7 trillion
    E.  $4.2 trillion

Chronic diseases caused by smoking, alcoholism, drug addiction obesity, unhealthy diets, lack of exercise, and other bad habits could lead to a 42% increase in chronic disease cases and $4.2 trillion in treatment and lost economic productivity.

 

ABHES: none
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s: Remember
CAAHEP: none
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 13.02
Topic: Cost, access, and quality

 

 

  1. All of the following are true about patients who see a primary care provider regularly except:
    A. The patient pays more for health care.
    B.  Providers learn more about their patients and can coordinate care.
    C.  A primary care provider may be a nurse practitioner.
    D.  A primary care provider may be a physician assistant.
    E.  The patient has better health care outcomes.

Seeing primary care providers such as doctors, nurse practitioners, or physician assistants regularly helps increase the likelihood that patients will receive appropriate care. Primary care providers learn about their patients’ diverse needs and can coordinate care.

 

ABHES: none
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s: Understand
CAAHEP: none
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 13.02
Topic: Cost, access, and quality

  1. The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) regularly reports on important quality measures. Which of the following statements reflects an improvement in quality care as reported in the 2012 report?
    A. admission for asthma for those 65 and older
    B.  women receiving a pap smear in the last 3 years
    C.  admissions with diabetes with short-term complications
    D.  long-stay nursing home residents who were assessed and given pneumococcal vaccination
    E.  the number of suicide deaths per 100,000 population

According to the 2012 report from the AHRQ, rates for long-stay nursing home residents that were assessed and given pneumococcal vaccinations continues to improve. However, admission for asthma per 100,000 population age 65 or older, women receiving a pap smear, admissions with diabetes, and suicides are seeing a worsening in quality.

 

ABHES: none
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s: Understand
CAAHEP: none
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 13.02
Topic: Cost, access, and quality

 

 

  1. A powerful computer is used to develop new drugs by looking at the molecular structure and chemical composition of target cells and creating substances that will bind to certain molecules, affecting their function inside the body. What is the term for this new technology?
    A. pharmacogenomics
    B.  genometrics
    C.  personalized medicine
    D.  rational drug design
    E.  genetic mapping

Rational drug design is the use of computers to create drugs designed to attack specific diseased cells or to otherwise pinpoint delivery and enhance efficacy. Pharmacogenomics is the science that defines how individuals are genetically programmed to respond to drugs. How genes cause the expression of certain traits in individuals is a science called genometrics. Personalized medicine is a term used to describe the products and services that leverage the science of genomics and proteomics and capitalize on the trends toward wellness and consumerism to enable tailored approaches to prevention and care. Genetic mapping is the successful effort made at the turn of the century to map the human genome.

 

ABHES: none
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s: Understand
CAAHEP: none
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 13.03
Topic: Health care trends

 

 

  1. The science that defines how individuals are genetically programmed to respond to drugs is called:
    A. pharmacogenomics
    B.  genometrics
    C.  personalized medicine
    D.  rational drug design
    E.  genetic mapping

Pharmacogenomics is the science that defines how individuals are genetically programmed to respond to drugs. Rational drug design is the use of computers to create drugs designed to attack specific diseased cells or to otherwise pinpoint delivery and enhance efficacy. How genes cause the expression of certain traits in individuals is a science called genometrics. Personalized medicine is a term used to describe the products and services that leverage the science of genomics and proteomics and capitalize on the trends toward wellness and consumerism to enable tailored approaches to prevention and care. Genetic mapping is the successful effort made at the turn of the century to map the human genome.

 

ABHES: none
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s: Understand
CAAHEP: none
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 13.03
Topic: Health care trends

 

 

  1. The science of determining how genes cause the expression of certain traits in individuals is called:
    A. rational drug design
    B.  genometrics
    C.  personalized medicine
    D.  pharmacogenomics
    E.  epigenetics

How genes cause the expression of certain traits in individuals is a science called genometrics. Pharmacogenomics is the science that defines how individuals are genetically programmed to respond to drugs. Rational drug design is the use of computers to create drugs designed to attack specific diseased cells or to otherwise pinpoint delivery and enhance efficacy. Personalized medicine is a term used to describe the products and services that leverage the science of genomics and proteomics and capitalize on the trends toward wellness and consumerism to enable tailored approaches to prevention and care. Epigenetics is the study of changes in gene activity.

 

ABHES: none
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s: Understand
CAAHEP: none
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 13.03
Topic: Health care trends

 

 

  1. The study of changes in gene activity that do not involve alternations to the genetic code, but are still passed down to at least one successive generation is called:
    A. rational drug design
    B.  genometrics
    C.  personalized medicine
    D.  pharmacogenomics
    E.  epigenetics

Epigenetics is the study of changes in gene activity. How genes cause the expression of certain traits in individuals is a science called genometrics. Pharmacogenomics is the science that defines how individuals are genetically programmed to respond to drugs. Rational drug design is the use of computers to create drugs designed to attack specific diseased cells or to otherwise pinpoint delivery and enhance efficacy. Personalized medicine is a term used to describe the products and services that leverage the science of genomics and proteomics and capitalize on the trends toward wellness and consumerism to enable tailored approaches to prevention and care.

 

ABHES: none
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s: Understand
CAAHEP: none
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 13.03
Topic: Health care trends

 

 

  1. What has been the largest barrier to using stem cells to treat disease?
    A. availability of stem cells
    B.  rejection of stem cells by the body
    C.  adverse effects of treatment
    D.  cost of treatment
    E.  ethical and religious objections

The largest barrier to using stem cells to treat disease has been public objection, on religious and ethical grounds, to the destruction of human embryos that are most useful in stem cell research.

 

ABHES: none
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s: Remember
CAAHEP: none
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 13.03
Topic: Health care trends

  1. Which of the following conditions has been suggested as being related to an individual developing diabetes?
    A. cardiovascular conditions
    B.  cancer
    C.  digestive disorders
    D.  pulmonary disorders
    E.  obesity

The predicted increase in diabetics is partially because people are living longer with the disease. However, there is some evidence to suggest that obesity and diabetes are related, and obesity has become widespread in the United States.

 

ABHES: none
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s: Remember
CAAHEP: none
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 13.03
Topic: Health care trends

 

 

  1. The study of the proteins that genes create or express is called:
    A. rational drug design
    B.  genometrics
    C.  proteomics
    D.  pharmacogenomics
    E.  epigenetics

Proteomics is the study of the proteins that genes create or “express.” Epigenetics is the study of changes in gene activity. How genes cause the expression of certain traits in individuals is a science called genometrics. Pharmacogenomics is the science that defines how individuals are genetically programmed to respond to drugs. Rational drug design is the use of computers to create drugs designed to attack specific diseased cells or to otherwise pinpoint delivery and enhance efficacy.

 

ABHES: none
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s: Understand
CAAHEP: none
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 13.03
Topic: Health care trends

  1. The 2012 costs for diabetes and diabetic health-related problems were:
    A. $1 billion
    B.  $100 billion
    C.  $245 billion
    D.  $345 billion
    E.  $500 billion

The 2012 costs for diabetes and related problems were $245 billion. Diabetes is presently the number one cause of adult blindness, kidney failure, and limb amputation according to the CDC.

 

ABHES: none
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s: Remember
CAAHEP: none
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 13.03
Topic: Health care trends

 

 

  1. The products and services that leverage the new developments in the study of human genes and capitalize on the trends toward wellness is called:
    A. rational drug design
    B.  genometrics
    C.  personalized medicine
    D.  pharmacogenomics
    E.  epigenetics

Personalized medicine is a term used to describe the products and services that leverage the science of genomics and proteomics and capitalize on the trends toward wellness and consumerism to enable tailored approaches to prevention and care. How genes cause the expression of certain traits in individuals is a science called genometrics. Pharmacogenomics is the science that defines how individuals are genetically programmed to respond to drugs. Rational drug design is the use of computers to create drugs designed to attack specific diseased cells or to otherwise pinpoint delivery and enhance efficacy. Epigenetics is the study of changes in gene activity.

 

ABHES: none
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s: Understand
CAAHEP: none
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 13.03
Topic: Health care trends

 

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true about health information technology?
    A. The health industry has lagged behind other industries in adopting technology for the business of health care.
    B.  The health industry has led other industries in adopting technology for the business of health care.
    C.  Data storage capabilities are limited in health care.
    D.  Handheld computers are not yet used in health care.
    E.  The security of health care records is not a concern in health care.

While the health care industry has done well in clinical applications of technology, the technology for the business of health care has not moved at the same speed as other business technology.

 

ABHES: none
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s: Understand
CAAHEP: none
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 13.03
Topic: Health care trends

  1. What did PricewaterhouseCoopers estimate to be the value of the personalized medicine industry in 2009?
    A. $1 billion
    B.  $100 billion
    C.  $150 billion
    D.  $225 billion
    E.  $500 billion

PricewaterhouseCoopers estimated the value of the personalized medicine industry to be $225 billion in 2009.

 

ABHES: none
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s: Remember
CAAHEP: none
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 13.03
Topic: Health care trends

 

 

  1. In a survey done by the IMS Institute for Healthcare Informatics in 2014, what percentage of Americans increasingly used the Internet as their first source for general and specific information about health care?
    A. 10 – 20 percent
    B.  25 – 35 percent
    C.  40 – 55 percent
    D.  60 – 65 percent
    E.  70 – 75 percent

The IMS Institute for Healthcare Informatics reported in 2014 that 70 to 75 percent of Americans used the Internet as their first source for general and specific information about health care.

 

ABHES: none
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s: Remember
CAAHEP: none
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 13.03
Topic: Health care trends

  1. In a survey done by the IMS Institute for Healthcare Informatics in 2014, what Internet source was most important for physicians?
    A. Twitter
    B.  online videos
    C.  Facebook
    D.  Pinterest
    E.  LinkedIn

The IMS Institute for Healthcare Informatics in 2014 reported that physicians averaged three hours per week watching online videos for professional purposes and cited Medscape and YouTube as the most important sources for those videos.

 

ABHES: none
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s: Remember
CAAHEP: none
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 13.03
Topic: Health care trends

 

 

  1. According to the 2014 publication Healthcare 2020, the following is true:
    A. Americans are generally healthier than people in other countries.
    B.  Americans live longer than those from other countries.
    C.  Fifty million people in America suffer from chronic disease.
    D.  One in twenty 4-year-olds in America is now obese.
    E.  We spend more on medical care than we do on food or housing.

“¼ we rank low on longevity and other indicators of health. We spend more on our disposable income on medical care than food or housing, yet more than 130 million people suffer from chronic disease and one in five American 4-year-olds is now obese.” This is based on a study entitled Healthcare 2020.

 

ABHES: none
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s: Understand
CAAHEP: none
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 13.04
Topic: Implications for the future of health care

  1. According to the Kaiser Foundation, which of the following statements is true about the need for data and connectivity in health information technology?
    A. All health care–related functions should be online.
    B.  Paper medical records should be the exception rather than the rule.
    C.  Social media does not help in connecting people with similar diseases.
    D.  Imaging results should always be hard copy.
    E.  Patients should always talk to a person when scheduling an appointment.

According to a Kaiser report entitled “Our Vision for the Future of Health Care,” paper medical records should be a thing of the past. Many health care–related functions, but not all, can be put online. Social media has been effective in establishing patient networks. Imaging results should be scanned so that transmittal is easier and patients should be able to schedule appointments online. Many of these things are starting to happen, but we have a long way to go.

 

ABHES: none
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s: Understand
CAAHEP: none
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 13.04
Topic: Implications for the future of health care

 

 

  1. According to the Institute for the Future, what should not be happening to the health care model?
    A. Care should be coordinated and tracked by systematic approaches.
    B.  Providers will establish an ongoing relationship with patients.
    C.  Physicians should be independent to give the best care.
    D.  Remote monitoring of health status should be done where appropriate.
    E.  Patients will assume more responsibility for their own health.

According to the Institute for the Future, the model of health care is moving from independent practitioners to coordinated groups to use a systematic approach to providing care to patients, whether in person or online.

 

ABHES: none
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s: Understand
CAAHEP: none
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 13.04
Topic: Implications for the future of health care

  1. What development has provided for an increase in personalized medicine?
    A. DNA analyses
    B.  computers
    C.  cell phones
    D.  portable x-rays
    E.  more mid-level providers

Since each person is genetically unique, statistical averages are not always helpful in determining medical treatment. DNA analyses aid the provider in finding the most effective treatment. While computers, cell phones, portable x-rays, and mid-level providers are effective tools in health care in general, they are not the main reason personalized medicine has grown.

 

ABHES: none
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s: Understand
CAAHEP: none
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 13.04
Topic: Implications for the future of health care

 

 

  1. According to the Institute for the Future, what four areas should the United States focus on to improve the health care outcomes in the United States?
    A. more computers, more money for research, a one-payer system for payment, and more personal responsibility
    B.  better policy decisions for equity and funding, more providers, better education about health care, and more technology
    C.  common interests of individuals and communities, healthier food choices provided by the markets, better policy decisions for equity, funding and oversight, and more application of science and technology to solve health care problems
    D.  common interests of individuals and communities, more providers, more hospitals, and better access to care
    E.  more application of science and technology to health care problems, better communication between physicians, more training programs, healthier food choices provided by the markets

While we all have our suggestions on how to improve our health care outcomes, the Institute for the Future, an independent nonprofit group, has made the following recommendations: common interests of individuals and communities, healthier food choices provided by the markets, better policy decisions for equity, funding and oversight, and more application of science and technology to solve health care problems.

 

ABHES: none
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s: Understand
CAAHEP: none
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 13.04
Topic: Implications for the future of health care

 

 

 

Short Answer Questions

  1. Identify at least four of the stakeholders in the health care system. Give examples of each.

There are at least 10 different stakeholders in the health care system. They include: the public, employers, health care facilities and providers, federal, state and local governments, managed care organizations, private insurers, voluntary facilities, health care training institutions, professional associations, and medical, biotechnological, pharmaceutical, and other health care companies.

 

ABHES: none
Bloom’s: Remember
CAAHEP: none
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 13.01
Topic: Whom does the health care system serve?

  1. Define cost as it relates to health care.

Cost is the amount individuals, employers, state and federal governments, HMOs, and insurers spend on health care in the United States.

 

ABHES: none
Bloom’s: Remember
CAAHEP: none
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 13.02
Topic: Cost, access, and quality

 

 

  1. Define access as it relates to health care.

Access is defined as the availability of health care and the means to purchase health care services.

 

ABHES: none
Bloom’s: Remember
CAAHEP: none
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 13.02
Topic: Cost, access, and quality

  1. Why is the aging population a concern for health care policy makers and providers?

Individuals age 65 and older who use more health care services than younger individuals will make up one-fifth of the population by 2050.  Americans spend $12,271 per person on average for people age 65 and older versus $2,761 per person for people under age 65

 

ABHES: none
Bloom’s: Remember
CAAHEP: none
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 13.02
Topic: Cost, access, and quality

  1. What is the role of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality?

The AHRQ is the lead federal agency responsible for tracking and improving the quality, safety, efficiency, and effectiveness of health care for Americans.

 

ABHES: none
Bloom’s: Remember
CAAHEP: none
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 13.02
Topic: Cost, access, and quality

 

 

  1. Define life expectancy and life span.

Life expectancy is the number of years an individual can expect to live, calculated from his or her birth. Life span is the actual number of years a person lives.

 

ABHES: none
Bloom’s: Remember
CAAHEP: none
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 13.02
Topic: Cost, access, and quality

  1. Identify at least three medical technologies that are a major driving force in health care.

Rational drug design, imaging equipment, genetic mapping, gene therapy, use of stem cells, and personalized medicine are all medical technologies that are major driving forces in health care trends.

 

ABHES: none
Bloom’s: Remember
CAAHEP: none
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 13.03
Topic: Health care trends

  1. Define pharmacogenomics.

The science that defines how individuals are genetically programmed to respond to drugs.

 

ABHES: none
Bloom’s: Remember
CAAHEP: none
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 13.03
Topic: Health care trends

 

 

  1. Define genometrics.

Genometrics is the science of determining how genes cause the expression of certain traits in individuals.

 

ABHES: none
Bloom’s: Remember
CAAHEP: none
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 13.03
Topic: Health care trends

  1. Define epigenetics.

The study of changes in gene activity that do not involve alterations to the genetic code, but are still passed down to at least one successive generation.

 

ABHES: none
Bloom’s: Remember
CAAHEP: none
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 13.03
Topic: Health care trends

  1. Why is the prevention of diabetes so important?

Diabetes is the number one cause of adult blindness, kidney failure, and limb amputation. It is seventh on the list of diseases that cause death. The cost of diabetes care continues to grow.

 

ABHES: none
Bloom’s: Remember
CAAHEP: none
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 13.03
Topic: Health care trends

 

 

  1. What is the role of social media in health care?

Social media is continuing to grow as a source for people to connect regarding their health care. Approximately 75% of Americans get their first information about a health care problem by using the Internet for health information. Younger people use it more frequently than older people.

 

ABHES: none
Bloom’s: Remember
CAAHEP: none
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 13.03
Topic: Health care trends

  1. Describe how food labels could help in health care problems.

Food labels could become easier to read and offer more helpful information, such as more realistic guides concerning calories and serving sizes.

 

ABHES: none
Bloom’s: Understand
CAAHEP: none
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 13.04
Topic: Implications for the future of health care

  1. What is the role of the individual person in the personalization of health care?

Every individual should make a commitment to maintaining a healthy lifestyle and to learn enough about their family history and his or her unique bodily responses and characteristics to make healthy choices.

 

ABHES: none
Bloom’s: Understand
CAAHEP: none
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 13.04
Topic: Implications for the future of health care