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Making a Difference with Nursing Research 1st Edition Young Langford Test Bank

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Making a Difference with Nursing Research 1st Edition Young Langford Test Bank

ISBN-13: 978-0132343992

ISBN-10: 0132343991

 

Description

Making a Difference with Nursing Research 1st Edition Young Langford Test Bank

ISBN-13: 978-0132343992

ISBN-10: 0132343991

 

 

 

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Free Nursing Test Questions:

 

Langford Making a Difference with Nursing Research, 1/E
Chapter 7

Question 1

Type: MCSA

The nurse is planning a qualitative research study to focus on issues of obtaining health care services by people who are newly immigrated to the United States. Where will the nurse collect data for this study?

  1. Individuals from targeted immigrant groups
  2. Statistics from city hospitals regarding admissions
  3. State statistics identifying areas of immigrant populations
  4. Federal statistics regarding the numbers and locations of immigrant populations

Correct Answer: 1

Rationale 1: Qualitative research uses an inductive process of discovery that moves from the specific case to a broader description of phenomenon. The nurse would collect data from individuals that meet the targeted immigrant group characteristics. (See page 129)

Rationale 2: Statistics do not support the qualitative research approach, which analyzes narrative information. (See page 129)

Rationale 3: Statistics do not support the qualitative research approach, which analyzes narrative information. (See page 129)

Rationale 4: Statistics do not support the qualitative research approach, which analyzes narrative information. (See page 129)

Global Rationale:

 

Cognitive Level: Analyzing

Client Need:

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts:

Learning Outcome: 1

 

Question 2

Type: MCSA

The nurse researcher is conceptualizing the problem for a qualitative research study. Which activity will the nurse perform when identifying a theoretical framework for the study?

  1. Review the literature.
  2. Formulate the problem.
  3. Develop the research question.
  4. Identify a philosophical position.

Correct Answer: 4

Rationale 1: A review of the literature is done at the beginning of the study to provide information about the problem, and again at the end to search for any additional information to substantiate findings. The review of the literature is not done to identify a theoretical framework for the study. (See page132)

Rationale 2: Formulating the problem occurs early in the quantitative research process. Information about the problem includes why the problem is being studied and the purpose of the study. Formulating the problem does not identify a theoretical framework for the study. (See page132)

Rationale 3: Developing the research question helps guide qualitative research. The question reflects a broader concern of research exploration and does not contain the dependent and independent variables. Developing the research question does not identify a theoretical framework for the study. (See page132)

Rationale 4: Identifying a philosophical position takes the place of a theoretical framework in qualitative research. (See page132)

Global Rationale:

 

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need:

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts:

Learning Outcome: 2

 

Question 3

Type: MCMA

The topic of a qualitative research study is the effects of exercise on improving the quality of life of adults with osteoarthritis. Where would the nurse obtain participants for this study?

Standard Text: Select all that apply.

  1. People with osteoarthritis who answer an ad in the local paper for participants
  2. Individuals who participate in arthritis swimming classes at the local gym
  3. People who express an interest in learning more about osteoarthritis
  4. Outpatient rehabilitation centers for patients with osteoarthritis
  5. Health care providers’ referrals for patients with osteoarthritis

Correct Answer: 1,2,4,5

Rationale 1: When investigators are searching for participants who know about the phenomenon of interest, they do not simply choose someone who is available. Researchers select individuals identified as specifically knowing about or experiencing the phenomenon of interest. People with osteoarthritis who answer an ad in the local paper for participants would be eligible for this study. (See page 135)

Rationale 2: When investigators are searching for participants who know about the phenomenon of interest, they do not simply choose someone who is available. Researchers select individuals identified as specifically knowing about or experiencing the phenomenon of interest. Individuals who participate in arthritis swimming classes at the local gym would be eligible for this study. (See page 135)

Rationale 3: When investigators are searching for participants who know about the phenomenon of interest, they do not simply choose someone who is available. Researchers select individuals identified as specifically knowing about or experiencing the phenomenon of interest. People who express an interest in learning more about osteoarthritis would not be eligible for this study. (See page 135)

Rationale 4: When investigators are searching for participants who know about the phenomenon of interest, they do not simply choose someone who is available. Researchers select individuals identified as specifically knowing about or experiencing the phenomenon of interest. People who attend outpatient rehabilitation centers for osteoarthritis would be eligible for this study. (See page 135)

Rationale 5: When investigators are searching for participants who know about the phenomenon of interest, they do not simply choose someone who is available. Researchers select individuals identified as specifically knowing about or experiencing the phenomenon of interest. Patients with osteoarthritis who have referrals from health care providers would be eligible for this study. (See page 135)

Global Rationale:

 

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need:

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts:

Learning Outcome: 2

 

Question 4

Type: MCSA

A group of participants are meeting as a focus group for a qualitative study. At the end of the session the researcher invited each group member to participate with a private interview if so desired. Why did the researcher make this offer?

  1. Keep the focus of the research study in their minds.
  2. Increase the size of the sample of the research study.
  3. Spur individual recall of incidents to share about the research topic.
  4. Encourage the sharing of information that might not have been divulged in a group setting.

Correct Answer: 4

Rationale 1: A disadvantage of a focus group is that participants may not share important information in a group setting that they might divulge in an individual interview. The researcher did not make this offer to keep the focus of the research study in their minds. (See page 137)

Rationale 2: A disadvantage of a focus group is that participants may not share important information in a group setting that they might divulge in an individual interview. The researcher did not make this offer to increase the size of the sample for the research study. (See page 137)

Rationale 3: An advantage of a focus group is that group synergy can spur individual recall about incidents or memories related to the research topic. (See page 137)

Rationale 4: A disadvantage of a focus group is that participants may not share important information in a group setting that they might divulge in an individual interview. The researcher made this offer to encourage the sharing of information that the participants may not want to share with others. (See page 137)

Global Rationale:

 

Cognitive Level: Analyzing

Client Need:

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts:

Learning Outcome: 2

 

Question 5

Type: MCSA

While conducting a qualitative study, the researcher is keeping an audit trail of decisions made. How does this action contribute to scientific rigor?

  1. It validates dependability.
  2. It captures confirmability.
  3. It ensures transferability.
  4. It proves credibility.

Correct Answer: 2

Rationale 1: Dependability examines how stable or constant qualitative data is over time. Keeping an audit trail of decisions made defines confirmability. (See page 139)

Rationale 2: Confirmability captures a sense of objectivity in the research. Audit trails are an accounting of the research process that provides a record of analytic decision making that others can track. This process permits another researcher to review the analysis to see if his or her interpretation of the findings is similar to that of the original researcher. (See page 139)

Rationale 3: Transferability refers to the ability to transfer study findings to other similar situations. Keeping an audit trail of decisions made defines confirmability. (See page 139)

Rationale 4: Credibility refers to the truthfulness or believability of the findings. Keeping an audit trail of decisions made defines confirmability. (See page 139)

Global Rationale:

 

Cognitive Level: Analyzing

Client Need:

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts:

Learning Outcome: 3

 

Question 6

Type: MCMA

The researcher is preparing to conduct interviews as part of collecting data for a qualitative study. What will the researcher do to ensure confidentiality of the research participants?

Standard Text: Select all that apply.

  1. Destroy taped materials.
  2. Password protect computers.
  3. Change names of participants.
  4. Secure materials in locked files.
  5. Create a plan to withdraw from the setting.

Correct Answer: 1,2,3,4

Rationale 1: Destroying taped materials is one way for the researcher to ensure confidentiality of the participants in a qualitative study. (See page 140)

Rationale 2: Password protecting computers is one way for the researcher to ensure confidentiality of the participants in a qualitative study. (See page 140)

Rationale 3: Changing names of participants is one way for the researcher to ensure confidentiality of the participants in a qualitative study. (See page 140)

Rationale 4: Securing materials in locked files is one way for the researcher to ensure confidentiality of the participants in a qualitative study. (See page 140)

Rationale 5: Creating a plan to withdraw from the setting is one way to let the participants know that the study is ending in the event a personal relationship with the researcher developed during the course of the study. This action does not ensure confidentiality of the participants in a qualitative study. (See page 140)

Global Rationale:

 

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need:

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts:

Learning Outcome: 4

 

Question 7

Type: MCSA

During the course of collecting data for a qualitative research study the researcher records information about a situation being observed. The researcher is using which method of collecting qualitative data?

  1. Field notes
  2. Interview
  3. Focus group
  4. Transcriptions

Correct Answer: 1

Rationale 1: Field notes consist of recording any information about the context of the situation being observed, of specific behaviors or activities observed, or of notes about impressions regarding an observation. (See page 141)

Rationale 2: An interview is conducted directly with the study participants and uses a series of questions to focus on the study topic. (See page 141)

Rationale 3: A focus group is a small gathering of six to eight participants who come together and respond to open-ended questions about the study topic. (See page 141)

Rationale 4: Transcripts are written documents created from audio tapes containing content from data collection sessions. This is not a method of collecting qualitative data. (See page 141)

Global Rationale:

 

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need:

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts:

Learning Outcome: 5

 

Question 8

Type: MCSA

During the data collection of a qualitative study the researcher stands off to the side and watches the participants interact within the research setting. Which data collection method is the researcher using?

  1. Semi-structured interview
  2. Non-participant observer
  3. Participant observer
  4. Field note validator

Correct Answer: 2

Rationale 1: A semi-structured interview is where a participant provides information to the researcher by answering broad open-ended questions. The researcher is not using this data collection method. (See page 137)

Rationale 2: In non-participant observation the researcher watches participants in a natural research setting. (See page 137)

Rationale 3: In participant observation the researcher plays a role in the setting. (See page 137)

Rationale 4: Field notes are written recordings of information about the situation being observed or of behaviors or actions made by the participants. The researcher is not validating field notes. (See page 137)

Global Rationale:

 

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need:

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts:

Learning Outcome: 5

 

Question 9

Type: MCSA

Data collection for a qualitative study is in progress. When will the researcher begin the process of data analysis?

  1. After the first interview
  2. After the study concludes
  3. Before transcribing field notes
  4. Before identifying the philosophical position

Correct Answer: 1

Rationale 1: Data analysis begins with the first interview. (See page 142)

Rationale 2: Data analysis is time consuming and begins with the first interview and does not entail waiting until after the study concludes. (See page 142)

Rationale 3: Field notes are a piece of the data and will need to be analyzed. (See page 142)

Rationale 4: The philosophical position is identified when the study problem is being conceptualized. Data collection occurs much later in the process. (See page 142)

Global Rationale:

 

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need:

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts:

Learning Outcome: 6

 

Question 10

Type: MCSA

The researcher is analyzing data collected during a qualitative study. At which point in the data analysis process will the researcher support the identified theme with evidence?

  1. Before developing themes
  2. Before information is clustered together
  3. After developing and writing interpretive statements about the themes
  4. Before reading the manuscript to understand the information being shared

Correct Answer: 3

Rationale 1: The identified theme is supported with evidence after the theme is developed. (See page 143)

Rationale 2: The identified theme is supported with evidence after information is clustered together. (See page 143)

Rationale 3: The identified theme is supported with evidence after developing and writing interpretive statements about the themes. (See page 143)

Rationale 4: The identified theme is supported with evidence after the manuscript is read to understand the information that is being shared. (See page 143)

Global Rationale:

 

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need:

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts:

Learning Outcome: 6

 

Question 11

Type: MCSA

The researcher is designing a qualitative study about the experiences adolescents have when using the insulin pump for controlling blood glucose levels in type 1 diabetes mellitus. Which approach will the researcher use to support the purpose of the study?

  1. Case study
  2. Ethnography
  3. Phenomenology
  4. Grounded theory

Correct Answer: 3

Rationale 1: Case study research is used to understand how an issue or problem works. (See page 145)

Rationale 2: Ethnography is used to understand people and the group of which they are a part. (See page 145)

Rationale 3: Phenomenology examines the commonalities and differences of peoples’ interpretations of their experiences. (See page 145)

Rationale 4: Grounded theory seeks new information that leads to the development of a relevant theory. (See page 145)

Global Rationale:

 

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need:

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts:

Learning Outcome: 7

 

Question 12

Type: MCSA

A qualitative study is being planned using the ethnography approach. What role will the researcher take during data collection for this study?

  1. Observer
  2. Designer
  3. Analyzer
  4. Disseminator

Correct Answer: 1

Rationale 1: In ethnography the researcher enters the world of respondents as if he or she were a stranger. Observation plays a key role in the data collection process. (See page 147)

Rationale 2: The researcher will be designing the study; however, this is not done while collecting data. (See page 147)

Rationale 3: The researcher will be analyzing the data collected; however, this will not occur while the data is being collected. (See page 147)

Rationale 4: The researcher will disseminate the information learned from the study; however, this will not occur while the data is being collected. (See page 147)

Global Rationale:

 

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need:

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts:

Learning Outcome: 7

 

Question 13

Type: MCSA

The nurse researcher is using a grounded theory approach for a qualitative study. At which point will the nurse perform discriminate sampling?

  1. Early in the study
  2. During the final phase
  3. After analyzing the data
  4. When developing study categories

Correct Answer: 2

Rationale 1: Discriminate sampling occurs during the final phase of a grounded theory study. Open sampling is completed early in the study. (See page 150)

Rationale 2: Discriminate sampling occurs during the final phase of a grounded theory study. This is very deliberate sampling and participants are selected because of their ability to validate and clarify relationships of categories within the emerging theory. (See page 150)

Rationale 3: Discriminate sampling occurs during the final phase of a grounded theory study. Analyzing the data occurs after the data is collected. (See page 150)

Rationale 4: Discriminate sampling occurs during the final phase of a grounded theory study. The development of study categories occurs during relational or variational sampling, or when the researcher is looking for individuals with specific knowledge. (See page 150)

Global Rationale:

 

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need:

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts:

Learning Outcome: 7

 

Question 14

Type: MCSA

The nurse is preparing a historical research study. What will the nurse use as secondary sources of data for this study?

  1. Newspaper articles
  2. Meeting minutes
  3. Diaries
  4. Letters

Correct Answer: 1

Rationale 1: In a historical research study, secondary sources of data are writings that others who did not directly participate in the event prepared, such as newspaper articles. (See page 151)

Rationale 2: In a historical research study, primary sources of data are documents created by people who participated in the event, such as through meeting minutes. (See page 151)

Rationale 3: In a historical research studyRemember,urces of data are documents created by people who participated in the event, such as through diaries. (See page 151)

Rationale 4: In a historical research studyRemember,urces of data are documents created by people who participated in the event, such as through letters. (See page 151)

Global Rationale:

 

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need:

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts:

Learning Outcome: 7

 

Question 15

Type: MCSA

The nurse is analyzing a clinical problem to figure out the steps in the issue. Which qualitative research approach would be the best for the nurse use when further studying the problem?

  1. Ethnography
  2. Grounded theory
  3. Historical research
  4. Case study research

Correct Answer: 4

Rationale 1: Ethnography is used to study people and the group of which they are a part. It is not used to study a specific clinical problem. (See page 151)

Rationale 2: Grounded theory is used to discover new information that leads to the development of a theory. It is not used to study a specific clinical problem. (See page 151)

Rationale 3: Historical research examines past events to search for truth. It is not used to study a specific clinical problem. (See page 151)

Rationale 4: Case study research is a method used to understand how a problem or issue works. This approach is instrumental when focusing on a specific issue or clinical concern. This is the research approach to use when studying a specific clinical problem. (See page 151)

Global Rationale:

 

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need:

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts:

Learning Outcome: 7

 

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