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Mastering Modern Psychological Testing 1st Edition Reynolds Livingston Test Bank

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Mastering Modern Psychological Testing 1st Edition Reynolds Livingston Test Bank

ISBN-13: 978-0205483501

ISBN-10: 020548350X

 

 

Description

Mastering Modern Psychological Testing 1st Edition Reynolds Livingston Test Bank

ISBN-13: 978-0205483501

ISBN-10: 020548350X

 

 

 

 

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Chapter 7 Test Questions

 

  1. Reliability relates to test ___________.
    1. items
    2. length
    3. scores X
    4. constructs

 

  1. On a maximum performance test administered to 100 students, 60 students correctly answer item #4. The item difficulty index equals:
    1. 40
    2. 60 X
    3. 40
    4. 60

 

  1. Item 10 on an exam had an item difficulty index equal to .00. From this information, one knows that:
    1. the item was very difficult and all students answered it incorrectly. X
    2. the item was very easy and all students answered it correctly.
    3. the item was of medium difficulty and half of the students answered it correctly.
    4. nothing since there is not enough information provided.

 

  1. Items with a difficulty index of _______ do not contribute to the measurement characteristics of a test.
    1. 25
    2. 50
    3. 75
    4. 0 X

 

  1. Your employer wants a test that will help him to select the upper 30% of employees to consider for new positions. It would be beneficial for the item difficulty index to average around:
    1. 20
    2. 30 X
    3. 70
    4. 80
    5. 90

 

  1. On ___________ tests, measures of item difficulty largely reflects the position of the item in the test.
    1. power
    2. typical response
    3. multidimensional
    4. speed X

 

 

  1. As a general rule, the authors of the chapter suggest that items with D values greater than ______ are acceptable.
    1. 25
    2. 30 X
    3. 50
    4. 70

 

  1. The item-total correlation is typically calculated using which correlation?
    1. Coefficient Alpha
    2. Pearson product moment correlation
    3. Point-biserial correlation X
    4. Spearman rank order correlation

 

  1. The item-total correlation for an item is 0.50. Which of the following interpretations is correct?
    1. 5% of the total test variance is predictable from performance on the item.
    2. 5% of the total test variance is predictable from performance on the item.
    3. 25% of the total test variance is predictable from performance on the item. X
    4. 75% of the total test variance is predictable from performance on the item.

 

  1. What is the optimal Item Difficulty Index on a test consisting of only constructed response items?
    1. 0
    2. 25
    3. 50 X
    4. 75
    5. 0

 

  1. What is the approximate optimal Item Difficulty Index for a multiple-choice item with 4 choices?
    1. 0
    2. 25
    3. 50
    4. 75 X
    5. 0

 

  1. A general recommendation is to use items with p values that have a range of approximately _________ around the optimal value.
    1. 05
    2. 10
    3. 15
    4. 20 X
    5. 25

 

 

 

  1. While the item difficulty index is only applicable for _____________, the percent endorsement statistic can be calculated for ____________.
    1. maximum performance tests; constructed-response tests
    2. maximum performance tests; typical-response tests X
    3. typical-response tests; constructed-response tests
    4. typical-response tests; maximum performance tests

 

  1. On a reading comprehension exam, the proportion of examinees in the top group that answered item 5 correctly equaled 0.70 and the proportion of examinees in the bottom group that answered item 5 correctly equaled 0.10. What is the discrimination index for item 5?
    1. 36
    2. 49
    3. 60 X
    4. 80

 

  1. When a test item has a discrimination index ______, it is considered to be acceptable by the chapter authors.
    1. greater than 0.30 X
    2. less than 0.30
    3. greater than 0.60
    4. less than 0.60

 

  1. A test item with a p = .70 and D = .45 is:
    1. relatively easy and discriminates well. X
    2. relatively easy and does not discriminate well.
    3. relatively difficult and discriminates well.
    4. relatively difficult and does not discriminate well.
    5. of intermediate difficulty and does not discriminate well.

 

  1. A test item with a p = .30 and D = .15 is:
    1. relatively easy and discriminates well.
    2. relatively easy and does not discriminate well.
    3. relatively difficult and does discriminate well.
    4. relatively difficult and does not discriminate well. X
    5. of intermediate difficulty and does not discriminate well.

 

  1. A test item with p = .80 and D = .40 is:
    1. relatively easy and discriminates well. X
    2. relatively easy and does not discriminate well.
    3. relatively difficult and does discriminate well.
    4. relatively difficult and does not discriminate well.
    5. of intermediate difficulty and does not discriminate well.

 

 

 

  1. A test item with p = .50 and D = .40 is:
    1. relatively easy and discriminates well
    2. relatively easy and does not discriminate well.
    3. relatively difficult and does discriminate well.
    4. relatively difficult and does not discriminate well.
    5. of intermediate difficulty and discriminates well. X

 

  1. In a class of 100 students, 70 answer item #4 correctly and 30 answer it incorrectly. What is the p value of this item?
    1. 30
    2. 40
    3. 49
    4. 70 X

 

  1. An effective distracter should be selected by:
    1. at least some examinees and demonstrate positive discrimination.
    2. at least some examinees and demonstrate negative discrimination.             X
    3. no examinees and demonstrate zero discrimination.
    4. all examinees and demonstrate positive discrimination.

 

  1. Item difficulty and distracter analysis are related to:
    1. Classical Test Theory. X
    2. Factor Analytic Theory.
    3. Item Characteristic Curve Theory.
    4. Item Response Theory.

 

  1. An Item Characteristic Curve is a graph with ____________ reflected on the horizontal axis and ______________reflected on the vertical axis.
    1. ability; probability of a correct response X
    2. probability of a correct response; ability
    3. ability; probability of an incorrect response
    4. probability of an incorrect response; ability

 

  1. The one-parameter IRT model assumes that items only differ in:
    1. the chance of a random correct answer.
    2. X
    3. scree point.

 

  1. The ___________ IRT model takes into consideration the possibility of an examinee with no ‘ability’ answering the item correctly by chance.
    1. one-parameter
    2. Rasch model
    3. two-parameter
    4. three-parameter X
  2. On an Item Characteristic Curve, the point halfway between the lower and upper asymptotes is referred to as the __________ and represents the difficulty of the item.
    1. medial apex
    2. modal beta
    3. beta index
    4. inflection point X

 

  1. __________ illustrates the reliability of measurement at different points along the distribution.
    1. Classical Test Theory
    2. Item Characteristic Curve
    3. Reliability Curve
    4. Test Information Function X

 

  1. In a class of 100 students, only 20 answered item 10 correctly. The p value for this item equals:
    1. 20 X
    2. 40
    3. 64
    4. 80

 

  1. For item 21, pT is 0.80 and pB is 0.30. What is the value of D for this item?
    1. 20
    2. 25
    3. 50 X
    4. 70

 

  1. The optimal p value for a selected-response item with two choices is approximately:
    1. 55.
    2. 65.
    3. 75.
    4. 85. X

 

  1. It is reasonable to present items with p = 1.0 at the beginning of an exam to:
    1. enhance the overall variability of the exam.
    2. enhance examinees’ confidence.
    3. enhance the measurement characteristics of the exam.
    4. ensure examinees do not become overconfident.

 

 

  1. A test item’s statistics are displayed in the following table. Based on this data, what is the most obvious problem with this item?

 

p = 0.50 D = 0.14 Options
Item #5 A* B C D
Number in top group 17 9 0 4
Number in bottom group 13 6 2 9
* correct answer
  1. All distracters are performing well but the item is too easy.
  2. Distracter B demonstrates positive discrimination and should be revised.      X
  3. Distracter D demonstrates negative discrimination and should be revised.
  4. No problem, retain the item as is.

 

  1. A test analysis is displayed below. Based on this information, what is the most obvious problem?

 

p = 0.40 D = 0.54 Options
Item #7 A B C* D
Number in top group 0 1 10 4
Number in bottom group 4 3 2 6
* correct answer
  1. All distracters are performing well but the item is too easy.
  2. Distracter B demonstrates negative discrimination and should be revised.
  3. Distracter A demonstrates negative discrimination and should be revised.
  4. No problem, retain the item as is. X

 

  1. A test analysis is displayed below. Based on this information, what is the most obvious problem?

 

p = 0.40 D = 0.13 Options
Item #3 A B C D*
Number in top group 6 1 1 7
Number in bottom group 2 4 4 5
* correct answer
  1. All distracters are performing well.
  2. Distracter A displays positive discrimination and should be revised. X
  3. Distracter B displays positive discrimination and should be revised.
  4. No problem, retain the item as is.

 

 

 

 

  1. Which of the following was described as a qualitative approach to item analysis?
    1. Set the test aside and review at a later time.
    2. Have a colleague review the test.
    3. Allow examinees to provide feedback.
    4. All of the above. X

 

  1. Which of the following statements regarding p values is correct?
    1. They can range from -1.0 to 1.0.
    2. Items with a high p value are more difficult.
    3. Items with a low p value are more difficult. X
    4. Items with a p value of 1.0 were answered incorrectly by all students.

 

  1. Items with a value of _____ and ______ do not contribute to the variability of test scores.
    1. -1.0; 0.00
    2. 00; 1.0 X
    3. -1.0; 1.0

 

  1. Item difficulty indexes on mastery tests tend to be ________ item difficulty indexes on tests designed to produce norm-referenced scores.
    1. larger than X
    2. lower than
    3. equal to

 

  1. The optimal p value for a true/false items is approximately:
    1. 55.
    2. 65.
    3. 75.
    4. 85. X

 

  1. How can reliability be reduced with many items close to a p value of 1.0?
    1. The total score is transformed in an oblique manner.
    2. The total score is an area transformation.
    3. This results in a restricted range of scores. X
    4. This results in an artificially inflated validity coefficient.

 

 

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