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# Math and Dosage Calculations 4th Edition Booth Whaley Palmunen Test Bank

ISBN-13: 978-0077460389

ISBN-10: 0077460383

SKU: TestBank2493 Category:

# Math and Dosage Calculations 4th Edition Booth Whaley Palmunen Test Bank

ISBN-13: 978-0077460389

ISBN-10: 0077460383

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# Free Nursing Test Questions:

True / False Questions

1. Places to the left of the decimal point represent fractions.
True    False

1. Places to the right of the decimal point represent fractions.
True    False

1. A zero should always be placed to the left of the decimal point if there is no whole number.
True    False

1. 0.1006 < 0.01006
True    False

1. 0.0122 > 0.0012
True    False

1. 4.908 > 4.980
True    False

1. 53.256 > 53.254
True    False

1. To convert a fraction to a decimal, divide the denominator by the numerator.
True    False

1. To convert a fraction to a decimal, divide the numerator by the denominator.
True    False

1. When rounding decimals, if the number to the right of the target place value is 5 or less, the number in the target place value is not changed.
True    False

1. If the number in the target place value is 5 or more, the number can be rounded up one unit.
True    False

1. When converting decimals to fractions, the place value of the number farthest to the right is the denominator.
True    False

1. 1.23 = 123/100
True    False

1. 45.60 = 45 6/100
True    False

1. 0.350 = 35/100
True    False

1. When multiplying decimals, the total number of places in both numbers are counted and used to place the decimal point in the answer.
True    False

1. When dividing decimals, the decimal point is ignored.
True    False

1. A trailing 0 is placed after the decimal when calculating medication dosages to help prevent medication errors.
True    False

1. The more numbers to the right of the decimal point the smaller the value.
True    False

1. When comparing decimals start with the whole number and work to the right until one number is greater than the other.
True    False

1. When converting a fraction to decimal, consider the fraction as a multiplication problem.
True    False

1. It is not necessary to align the decimal points when adding or subtracting decimals.
True    False

1. When adding or subtracting decimals, if the decimals do not have the same number of places, add zeros to the end so all the numbers have the same number of places.
True    False

1. Prior to multiplying decimals, you should move the decimal point to the end of each decimal.
True    False

1. When dividing decimals, move the decimals to the right the same number of places in both the divisor and dividend until the divisor is a whole number.
True    False

1. 4.53 x 6.4 = 289.92
True    False

1. 5.6 x 0.0002 = 0.00112
True    False

1. 2.34   0.6 = 3.9
True    False

1. 2.456   10 = 24.56
True    False

1. 254.5   4.56 = 558.11 (rounded to the nearest hundredth)
True    False

Multiple Choice Questions

1. 1000 x 22.7 =
A. 227
B. 2270
C. 22700
D. 227000

1. 6.5   100 =
A. 0.65
B. 0.065
C. 0.0065
D. 0.00065

1. 950.03   10 =
A. 95.003
B. 9.5003
C. 0.95003
D. 0.095003

1. 800.12 x 1000 =
A. 8.0012
B. 8001.2
C. 80012
D. 800120
2. 0.85 rounded to the nearest tenth is
A. 0.8
B. 0.9
C. 1.0
D. 0.86

1. 4.499 rounded to the nearest hundredth is
A. 4
B. 4.49
C. 4.5
D. 5

1. 89.3233 rounded to the nearest thousandth is
A. 89.32
B. 89.33
C. 89.323
D. 89.32414

1. 6.35 rounded to the nearest tenth is
A. 6.38
B. 6.39
C. 6.4
D. 6.3

1. 10.6477 rounded to the nearest tenth is
A. 10.6
B. 10.64
C. 10.65
D. 11.0

1. 0.085 + 0.73 =
A. 8.15
B. 0.00815
C. 0.0815
D. 0.815

1. Each position in a decimal number has a __________ value.
A. monetary
B. place
C. fraction
D. whole

1. A _____________ should be used as a placeholder to the left of the decimal point when there is no whole number.
A. one
B. five
C. a place holder is not needed
D. zero

1. When comparing the value of decimals, the correct sequence is
A. whole number, hundredths, tenths, thousandths
B. ignore the whole number, compare tenths, hundredths, thousandths
C. whole number, tenths, hundredths, thousandths
D. thousandths, hundredths, tenths, whole number

1. Adding a zero to the last nonzero number after the decimal point
A. increases the whole number only.
B. increases the value of the number.
C. decreases the value of the whole number only.
D. does not change the value of the number.

1. When performing a calculation containing decimals, the answer is rounded when
A. it contains more than three numbers after the decimal point.
B. it contains more decimal places than needed.
C. it contains more than two numbers after the decimal point.
D. an answer is never rounded.

1. If a number to the right of the target place value is four or less,
A. the number in the target place value should be rounded up by one number.
B. the number in the target place value should be rounded down by one number.
C. the number in the target place value should not be changed.
D. the number in the target place value should be rounded up by two numbers.

1. 4.99875 rounded to the nearest hundredth is
A. 5.0
B. 4.10
C. 4.99
D. 5.91

1. In the conversion of fractions to decimals, the fraction should be thought of as a ___________problem.
A. multiplication
B. division
D. subtraction

1. When converting decimals to fractions or mixed numbers, the number to the left of the decimal point is
A. the numerator of the fraction.
B. the whole number
C. the denominator of the fraction.
D. not considered part of the fraction or mixed number

1. When adding or subtracting decimals, the decimal points
A. are aligned.
B. should not be taken into consideration.
C. are moved to the right in both numbers.
D. are moved to the right in the smallest number.

1. A bottle of liquid medication contains 100 mL. Patients were administered doses in the amounts of: 5.75 mL, 4.2 mL, 6.25 mL, 7.45 mL, and 5.5 mL. How much medication remains in the bottle?
A. 29.15 mL
B. 74 mL
C. 70.85 mL
D. 29 mL

1. A patient should receive 15 g of a medication. You have one tablet containing 3.5 g and another containing 6.25 g. How much more medication do you need to administer the correct dose?
A. 9. 75 g
B. 9 g
C. 5 g
D. 5.25 g

1. When multiplying decimals, you should
A. count the places to the right of the decimal point in the number you are multiplying by.
B. count the total number of places to the left of the decimal point in both numbers.
C. count the places to the left of the decimal point in the number you are multiplying by.
D. count the total number of places to the right of the decimal point in both numbers

1. When dividing decimals, the _____________ must be converted to a whole number.
A. divisor
B. dividend
C. quotient

1. A patient is to receive ½ tablet four times daily. The available tablets are 5 mg. How many milligrams of medication will the patient receive per day?
A. 2.5 mg
B. 5 mg
C. 10 mg
D. 4 mg

1. Mr. Jones was to receive 2.25 mL of a liquid medication every 4 hours. How much medication will he receive for 3 ½ days?
A. 13.5 mL
B. 47.25 mL
C. 40.5 mL
D. 50 mL

1. Mr. Anderson received a total of 45.25 g of a medication over 5 days. He received 4 doses per day. How much medication per dose did he receive? (round to nearest hundredth)
A. 2.26 g
B. 2.30 g
C. 9.15 g
D. 9.20 g

1. Write the fraction in decimal form: 6 125/1000
A. 61.25
B. 0.6125
C. 6.125
D. 612.5

1. Mr. Adams had \$54.60 when he purchased 4 gallons of antifreeze at \$13.25 per 2 gallon container. How much money does he have left?
A. \$26.50
B. \$28.10
C. \$1.60
D. Nothing he is short 25 cents

1. Determine the answer rounded to nearest hundredth and convert to a fraction reduced to simplest form: 5.45 x 15.67 = ____________.
A. 85 4/10
B. 85 40/100
C. 85 41/100
D. 85 2/5

Fill in the Blank Questions

1. Convert 20/10 to a decimal: ______________
________________________________________

1. Convert 67/100 to a decimal: __________
________________________________________

1. Convert 5 36/1000 to a decimal: __________
________________________________________

1. Place the symbol >, <, or = between the following pair of decimals to make it a true statement: 80.8 ___ 80.9
________________________________________

1. Place the symbol >, <, or = between the following pair of decimals to make it a true statement: 0.0030 ___ 0.0300
________________________________________

1. Place the symbol >, <, or = between the following pair of decimals to make it a true statement: 144.440 ___ 14.444
________________________________________

1. 0.99 rounded to the nearest tenth is ___________ .
________________________________________

1. 6.555 rounded to the nearest hundredth place is ___________ .
________________________________________

1. 3.033 + 41.99 = ___________
________________________________________

1. Sherri made two purchases at the hospital gift shop for \$11.06 and \$3.40. What is the total amount of money she spent at the gift shop?
________________________________________

1. 5.803 + 0.001 + 10.02 = _______________
________________________________________

1. 6.777 + 8 + 31.82 = ______________
________________________________________

1. 9.003 – 5.77 = ___________
________________________________________

1. 13.821 + 0.356 + 12.27 = _______________
________________________________________

1. 17.008 – 2.32 = ______________
________________________________________

1. 35.025 – 2.502 = ___________
________________________________________

1. The difference between 928.763 and 439.763 is _______________.
________________________________________

1. The difference between 1, 862.301 and 1, 200.065 is ______________.
________________________________________

1. A bottle of liquid medicine contains 100 milliliters (mL). The following amounts are given to patients from the bottle: 1.0 mL, 2.75 mL, 3.1 mL, and 1.75 mL. _________ is the amount that should be left in the bottle.
________________________________________

1. 3.076 x 0.4 = ____________
________________________________________

1. 0.0401 x 0.0202 = _______________
________________________________________

1. 0.005 x 4.03 = _______________.
________________________________________

1. A patient is given 6.5 milliliters (mL) of liquid 3 times per day, times 4 days. She received ____________ mL of medication over the 4 days.
________________________________________

1. 0.6   0.02 =
________________________________________

1. 33.3   11 = _____________. Round to the nearest hundredth.
________________________________________

1. 104.56   100 = ____________.
________________________________________

1. A bottle contains 30 ounces of medication. If the patient receives 0.3 ounces for each dose, the bottle contains ___________ number of doses.
________________________________________

1. 4.56 + 15.8 – 12.45 = _____________.
________________________________________

1. 65.998 – 25.245 + 18.75 = ____________ (round answer to nearest hundredth)
________________________________________

1. Convert 1.03 to a mixed number: ___________

1. Convert 0.567 to a fraction: __________

True / False Questions

1. (p. 37)Places to the left of the decimal point represent fractions.
FALSE

Places to the right of the decimal point represent fractions.

Bloom’s: Remembering
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Outcome: 2.1 Write decimals and compare their value.

1. (p. 37)Places to the right of the decimal point represent fractions.
TRUE

Places to the right of the decimal point represent fractions.

Bloom’s: Remembering
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Outcome: 2.1 Write decimals and compare their value.

1. (p. 37)A zero should always be placed to the left of the decimal point if there is no whole number.
TRUE

A zero should always be placed to the left of the decimal point if there is no whole number. Example: ½ written as a decimal is 0.5.

Bloom’s: Remembering
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Outcome: 2.1 Write decimals and compare their value.

1. (p. 37)0.1006 < 0.01006
FALSE

0.1006 < 0.01006, 1 is not less than 0 in the tenths space

Bloom’s: Understanding
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Outcome: 2.1 Write decimals and compare their value.

1. (p. 37)0.0122 > 0.0012
TRUE

0.0122 > 0.0012, 1 is greater than 0 in the hundredths space

Bloom’s: Understanding
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Outcome: 2.1 Write decimals and compare their value.

1. (p. 37)4.908 > 4.980
FALSE

4.908 > 4.980, 8 is greater than 0 in the hundredths space

Bloom’s: Understanding
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Outcome: 2.1 Write decimals and compare their value.

1. (p. 37)53.256 > 53.254
TRUE

53.256 > 53.254, 6 is greater than 4

Bloom’s: Understanding
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Outcome: 2.1 Write decimals and compare their value.

1. (p. 42)To convert a fraction to a decimal, divide the denominator by the numerator.
FALSE

To convert a fraction to a decimal, divide the numerator by the denominator.

Bloom’s: Remembering
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Outcome: 2.3 Convert fractions into decimals.

1. (p. 42)To convert a fraction to a decimal, divide the numerator by the denominator.
TRUE

To convert a fraction to a decimal, divide the numerator by the denominator.

Bloom’s: Remembering
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Outcome: 2.4 Convert decimals into fractions.

1. (p. 40)When rounding decimals, if the number to the right of the target place value is 5 or less, the number in the target place value is not changed.
FALSE

When rounding decimals, if the number to the right of the target place value is 4 or less, the number in the target place value is not changed.

Bloom’s: Remembering
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Outcome: 2.2 Apply the rules for rounding decimals.

1. (p. 40)If the number in the target place value is 5 or more, the number can be rounded up one unit.
TRUE

If the number to the right of the target place value is 5 or more, the number in the target place value can be rounded up one unit.

Bloom’s: Remembering
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Outcome: 2.2 Apply the rules for rounding decimals.

1. (p. 43)When converting decimals to fractions, the place value of the number farthest to the right is the denominator.
TRUE

When converting decimals to fractions, the place value of the number farthest to the right is the denominator.

Bloom’s: Remembering
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Outcome: 2.4 Convert decimals into fractions.

1. (p. 43)1.23 = 123/100
TRUE

The 3 is in the hundredths place value so 1.23 = 123/100

Bloom’s: Understanding
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Outcome: 2.4 Convert decimals into fractions.

1. (p. 43)45.60 = 45 6/100
FALSE

The 0 to the far right of the decimal point is dropped so 45.60 = 456/10 and 45 6/10

Bloom’s: Understanding
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Outcome: 2.4 Convert decimals into fractions.

1. (p. 43)0.350 = 35/100
TRUE

The 0 to the far right of the decimal point is droppedRemember, 0.350 = 35/100

Bloom’s: Understanding
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Outcome: 2.4 Convert decimals into fractions.

1. (p. 47)When multiplying decimals, the total number of places in both numbers are counted and used to place the decimal point in the answer.
TRUE

When multiplying decimals, the total number of places in both numbers are counted and used to place the decimal point in the answer.

Bloom’s: Remembering
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Outcome: 2.6 Multiply decimals.

1. (p. 49)When dividing decimals, the decimal point is ignored.
FALSE

Decimal points are moved the same number of places to the right in both the divisor and dividend. Zeros are added to the numerator as necessary.

Bloom’s: Remembering
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Outcome: 2.7 Divide decimals.

1. (p. 37)A trailing 0 is placed after the decimal when calculating medication dosages to help prevent medication errors.
FALSE

A trailing 0 is never placed after a decimal point when calculating medication dosages. This could lead to a medication error.

Bloom’s: Remembering
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Outcome: 2.1 Write decimals and compare their value.

1. (p. 37)The more numbers to the right of the decimal point the smaller the value.
TRUE

The more numbers to the right of the decimal point the smaller the value.

Bloom’s: Remembering
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Outcome: 2.1 Write decimals and compare their value.

1. (p. 37)When comparing decimals start with the whole number and work to the right until one number is greater than the other.
TRUE

When comparing decimals start with the whole number and work to the right until one number is greater than the other.

Bloom’s: Remembering
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Outcome: 2.1 Write decimals and compare their value.

1. (p. 42)When converting a fraction to decimal, consider the fraction as a multiplication problem.
FALSE

When converting a fraction to a decimal, consider the fraction as a division problem.

Bloom’s: Remembering
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Outcome: 2.3 Convert fractions into decimals.

1. (p. 45)It is not necessary to align the decimal points when adding or subtracting decimals.
FALSE

It is necessary to align the decimal point when adding or subtracting decimals.

Bloom’s: Remembering
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Outcome: 2.5 Add and subtract decimals.

1. (p. 45)When adding or subtracting decimals, if the decimals do not have the same number of places, add zeros to the end so all the numbers have the same number of places.
TRUE

If the decimals do not have the same number of places, add zeros to the end so all the numbers have the same number of places.

Bloom’s: Remembering
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Outcome: 2.5 Add and subtract decimals.

1. (p. 47)Prior to multiplying decimals, you should move the decimal point to the end of each decimal.
FALSE

When multiplying decimals, you should first multiply without considering the decimals.

Bloom’s: Remembering
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Outcome: 2.6 Multiply decimals.

1. (p. 49)When dividing decimals, move the decimals to the right the same number of places in both the divisor and dividend until the divisor is a whole number.
TRUE

When dividing decimals, move the decimals to the right the same number of places in both the divisor and dividend until the divisor is a whole number.

Bloom’s: Remembering
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Outcome: 2.7 Divide decimals.

1. (p. 47)4.53 x 6.4 = 289.92
FALSE

Decimal is in the wrong place. There are a total of 3 decimals places in the numbers being multiplies so there must be 3 decimal places in the answer. The correct answer is 28.992.

Bloom’s: Understanding
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Outcome: 2.6 Multiply decimals.

1. (p. 47)5.6 x 0.0002 = 0.00112
TRUE

There should be a total of 5 decimal places in the answer so 56 x 2 = 112 which becomes 0.00112 when decimal places are added.

Bloom’s: Understanding
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Outcome: 2.6 Multiply decimals.

1. (p. 49)2.34   0.6 = 3.9
TRUE

When dividing decimals, move the decimals to the right the same number of places in both the divisor and dividend until the divisor is a whole number. 2.34 0.6 = 23.4 6 = 3.9

Bloom’s: Understanding
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Outcome: 2.7 Divide decimals.

1. (p. 49)2.456   10 = 24.56
FALSE

2.456 10 = 0.2456

Bloom’s: Understanding
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Outcome: 2.7 Divide decimals.

1. (p. 47)254.5   4.56 = 558.11 (rounded to the nearest hundredth)
FALSE

When dividing decimals, move the decimals to the right the same number of places in both the divisor and dividend until the divisor is a whole number. 254.5 4.56 = 2545 45.6 =55.811

Bloom’s: Understanding
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Outcome: 2.2 Apply the rules for rounding decimals.
Learning Outcome: 2.7 Divide decimals.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. (p. 47)1000 x 22.7 =
A. 227
B. 2270
C. 22700
D. 227000

1000 x 22.7 = 22700.0. The 0 to the right of the decimal point is dropped.

Bloom’s: Applying
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Outcome: 2.6 Multiply decimals.

1. (p. 49)6.5   100 =
A. 0.65
B. 0.065
C. 0.0065
D. 0.00065

6.5 100 = 0.065

Bloom’s: Applying
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Outcome: 2.7 Divide decimals.

1. (p. 49)950.03   10 =
A. 95.003
B. 9.5003
C. 0.95003
D. 0.095003

950.03 10 = 95.003

Bloom’s: Applying
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Outcome: 2.7 Divide decimals.

1. (p. 47)800.12 x 1000 =
A. 8.0012
B. 8001.2
C. 80012
D. 800120

800.12 x 1000 = 800120

Bloom’s: Applying
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Outcome: 2.6 Multiply decimals.

1. (p. 40)0.85 rounded to the nearest tenth is
A. 0.8
B. 0.9
C. 1.0
D. 0.86

If the number to the right of the target place value is 5 or more, round the number in the target place up one unit.

Bloom’s: Understanding
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Outcome: 2.2 Apply the rules for rounding decimals.

1. (p. 40)4.499 rounded to the nearest hundredth is
A. 4
B. 4.49
C. 4.5
D. 5

If the number to the right of the target place value is 5 or more, round the number in the target place up one unit.

Bloom’s: Understanding
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Outcome: 2.2 Apply the rules for rounding decimals.

1. (p. 40)89.3233 rounded to the nearest thousandth is
A. 89.32
B. 89.33
C. 89.323
D. 89.32414

If the number to the right of the target place value is 4 or less, do not change the number in the target place value.

Bloom’s: Understanding
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Outcome: 2.2 Apply the rules for rounding decimals.

1. (p. 40)6.35 rounded to the nearest tenth is
A. 6.38
B. 6.39
C. 6.4
D. 6.3

If the number to the right of the target place value is 5 or more, round the number in the target place up one unit.

Bloom’s: Understanding
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Outcome: 2.2 Apply the rules for rounding decimals.

1. (p. 40)10.6477 rounded to the nearest tenth is
A. 10.6
B. 10.64
C. 10.65
D. 11.0

If the number to the right of the target place value is 4 or less, do not change the number in the target place value.

Bloom’s: Understanding
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Outcome: 2.2 Apply the rules for rounding decimals.

1. (p. 45)0.085 + 0.73 =
A. 8.15
B. 0.00815
C. 0.0815
D. 0.815

Bloom’s: Applying
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Outcome: 2.5 Add and subtract decimals.

1. (p. 37)Each position in a decimal number has a __________ value.
A. monetary
B. place
C. fraction
D. whole

Each position in a decimal number has a place value.

Bloom’s: Remembering
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Outcome: 2.1 Write decimals and compare their value.

1. (p. 37)A _____________ should be used as a placeholder to the left of the decimal point when there is no whole number.
A. one
B. five
C. a place holder is not needed
D. zero

Using a zero as a placeholder to the right of a decimal point when there is no whole number makes the decimal point more noticeable.

Bloom’s: Remembering
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Outcome: 2.1 Write decimals and compare their value.

1. (p. 37)When comparing the value of decimals, the correct sequence is
A. whole number, hundredths, tenths, thousandths
B. ignore the whole number, compare tenths, hundredths, thousandths
C. whole number, tenths, hundredths, thousandths
D. thousandths, hundredths, tenths, whole number

Always start with the whole number and move to the right comparing the tenths, hundredths, thousandths, etc.

Bloom’s: Remembering
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Outcome: 2.1 Write decimals and compare their value.

1. (p. 37)Adding a zero to the last nonzero number after the decimal point
A. increases the whole number only.
B. increases the value of the number.
C. decreases the value of the whole number only.
D. does not change the value of the number.

Adding a zero to the last nonzero number after the decimal point does not change the value of the number.

Bloom’s: Remembering
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Outcome: 2.1 Write decimals and compare their value.

1. (p. 40)When performing a calculation containing decimals, the answer is rounded when
A. it contains more than three numbers after the decimal point.
B. it contains more decimal places than needed.
C. it contains more than two numbers after the decimal point.
D. an answer is never rounded.

An answer is rounded when it contains more decimal places than needed.

Bloom’s: Remembering
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Outcome: 2.2 Apply the rules for rounding decimals.

1. (p. 40)If a number to the right of the target place value is four or less,
A. the number in the target place value should be rounded up by one number.
B. the number in the target place value should be rounded down by one number.
C. the number in the target place value should not be changed.
D. the number in the target place value should be rounded up by two numbers.

If a number to the right of a target place value is four or less, the target value should not be changed.

Bloom’s: Remembering
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Outcome: 2.2 Apply the rules for rounding decimals.

1. (p. 40)4.99875 rounded to the nearest hundredth is
A. 5.0
B. 4.10
C. 4.99
D. 5.91

If the number to the right of the target place value is greater than 5, the target number is rounded up. Since the number in the target place value is 9, it becomes 10. The 1 is carried to the tenth place and the 9 becomes 10 and the 1 is carried to the ones place with 0 in the tenths place.

Bloom’s: Understanding
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Outcome: 2.2 Apply the rules for rounding decimals.

1. (p. 42)In the conversion of fractions to decimals, the fraction should be thought of as a ___________problem.
A. multiplication
B. division
D. subtraction

When converting fractions to decimals, think of the fractions as division problems.

Bloom’s: Remembering
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Outcome: 2.3 Convert fractions into decimals.

1. (p. 43)When converting decimals to fractions or mixed numbers, the number to the left of the decimal point is
A. the numerator of the fraction.
B. the whole number
C. the denominator of the fraction.
D. not considered part of the fraction or mixed number

When converting decimals to fractions or mixed numbers, the number to the left of the decimal point is the whole number.

Bloom’s: Remembering
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Outcome: 2.4 Convert decimals into fractions.

1. (p. 45)When adding or subtracting decimals, the decimal points
A. are aligned.
B. should not be taken into consideration.
C. are moved to the right in both numbers.
D. are moved to the right in the smallest number.

Decimal points are aligned when adding or subtracting decimals.

Bloom’s: Remembering
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Outcome: 2.5 Add and subtract decimals.

1. (p. 45)A bottle of liquid medication contains 100 mL. Patients were administered doses in the amounts of: 5.75 mL, 4.2 mL, 6.25 mL, 7.45 mL, and 5.5 mL. How much medication remains in the bottle?
A. 29.15 mL
B. 74 mL
C. 70.85 mL
D. 29 mL

The sum of the doses: 5.75 mL + 4.20 mL + 6.25 mL + 7.45 mL = 29.15 mL Remainder of medication in the bottle 100.00 mL – 29.15 = 70.85 mL

Bloom’s: Understanding
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Outcome: 2.5 Add and subtract decimals.

1. (p. 45)A patient should receive 15 g of a medication. You have one tablet containing 3.5 g and another containing 6.25 g. How much more medication do you need to administer the correct dose?
A. 9. 75 g
B. 9 g
C. 5 g
D. 5.25 g

The sum of the medication available: 3.50 g + 6.25 g = 9.75 g The amount of medication needed: 15.00 g – 9.75 g = 5.25 g

Bloom’s: Understanding
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Outcome: 2.5 Add and subtract decimals.

1. (p. 47)When multiplying decimals, you should
A. count the places to the right of the decimal point in the number you are multiplying by.
B. count the total number of places to the left of the decimal point in both numbers.
C. count the places to the left of the decimal point in the number you are multiplying by.
D. count the total number of places to the right of the decimal point in both numbers

Count the total number of decimal places to the right of decimal places in both numbers when multiplying decimals.

Bloom’s: Remembering
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Outcome: 2.6 Multiply decimals.

1. (p. 49)When dividing decimals, the _____________ must be converted to a whole number.
A. divisor
B. dividend
C. quotient

The divisor must be converted to a whole number.

Bloom’s: Remembering
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Outcome: 2.7 Divide decimals.

1. (p. 47, 49)A patient is to receive ½ tablet four times daily. The available tablets are 5 mg. How many milligrams of medication will the patient receive per day?
A. 2.5 mg
B. 5 mg
C. 10 mg
D. 4 mg

½ of a 5 mg tablet = 2.5 mg x 4 times daily = 10 mg

Bloom’s: Understanding
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Outcome: 2.6 Multiply decimals.
Learning Outcome: 2.7 Divide decimals.

1. (p. 47)Mr. Jones was to receive 2.25 mL of a liquid medication every 4 hours. How much medication will he receive for 3 ½ days?
A. 13.5 mL
B. 47.25 mL
C. 40.5 mL
D. 50 mL

The patient will receive 6 doses per day (24 hrs/ 4 hrs = 6).The amount of medication per day : 2.25 mL x 6 = 13.5 mL per day. The amount of medication over 3 ½ days: 3 ½ = 3.5 x 13.5 = 47.25 mL.

Bloom’s: Understanding
Difficulty: Hard
Learning Outcome: 2.3 Convert fractions into decimals.
Learning Outcome: 2.6 Multiply decimals.

1. (p. 49)Mr. Anderson received a total of 45.25 g of a medication over 5 days. He received 4 doses per day. How much medication per dose did he receive? (round to nearest hundredth)
A. 2.26 g
B. 2.30 g
C. 9.15 g
D. 9.20 g

Method 1: The amount of medication per day: 45.25 g / 5 day = 9.05 g per day. The amount of medication per dose: 9.05 g per day / 4 doses per day = 2.2625 = 2.26 g / dose. Method 2: Total number of doses received: 5 days x 4 doses per day = 20 doses. Amount of medication per dose: 24.25 g / 20 doses = 2.2625 = 2.26 g / dose.

Bloom’s: Understanding
Difficulty: Hard
Learning Outcome: 2.2 Apply the rules for rounding decimals.
Learning Outcome: 2.7 Divide decimals.

1. (p. 42)Write the fraction in decimal form: 6 125/1000
A. 61.25
B. 0.6125
C. 6.125
D. 612.5

125 divided by 1000 = 0.125 so the decimal is 6.125

Bloom’s: Applying
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Outcome: 2.3 Convert fractions into decimals.

1. (p. 45, 47)Mr. Adams had \$54.60 when he purchased 4 gallons of antifreeze at \$13.25 per 2 gallon container. How much money does he have left?
A. \$26.50
B. \$28.10
C. \$1.60
D. Nothing he is short 25 cents

He is purchasing two 2-gallon containers: \$13.25 a container x 2 = \$26.50 for 2 containers. The amount he has left after the purchase: \$54.60 – 26.50 = \$28.10.

Bloom’s: Understanding
Difficulty: Hard
Learning Outcome: 2.5 Add and subtract decimals.
Learning Outcome: 2.6 Multiply decimals.

1. (p. 43, 47)Determine the answer rounded to nearest hundredth and convert to a fraction reduced to simplest form: 5.45 x 15.67 = ____________.
A. 85 4/10
B. 85 40/100
C. 85 41/100
D. 85 2/5

5.45 x 15.67 = 85.4015 = 85.40 to nearest hundredth 85.40 = 85 40/100 = 85 4/10 = 85 2/5

Bloom’s: Applying
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Outcome: 2.4 Convert decimals into fractions.
Learning Outcome: 2.6 Multiply decimals.

Fill in the Blank Questions

1. (p. 42)Convert 20/10 to a decimal: ______________
2.0

20 10 = 2.0

Bloom’s: Applying
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Outcome: 2.3 Convert fractions into decimals.

1. (p. 42)Convert 67/100 to a decimal: __________
0.67

100 67 = 0.67

Bloom’s: Applying
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Outcome: 2.3 Convert fractions into decimals.

1. (p. 42)Convert 5 36/1000 to a decimal: __________
5.036

5 36/1000 = 5036/1000 = 5036 1000 = 5.036

Bloom’s: Applying
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Outcome: 2.3 Convert fractions into decimals.

1. (p. 37)Place the symbol >, <, or = between the following pair of decimals to make it a true statement: 80.8 ___ 80.9

In the tenths place value, 8 is less than 9.

Bloom’s: Applying
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Outcome: 2.1 Write decimals and compare their value.

1. (p. 37)Place the symbol >, <, or = between the following pair of decimals to make it a true statement: 0.0030 ___ 0.0300

In the hundredths place value, 0 is less than 3

Bloom’s: Applying
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Outcome: 2.1 Write decimals and compare their value.

1. (p. 37)Place the symbol >, <, or = between the following pair of decimals to make it a true statement: 144.440 ___ 14.444

144 is larger than 14

Bloom’s: Applying
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Outcome: 2.1 Write decimals and compare their value.

1. (p. 40)0.99 rounded to the nearest tenth is ___________ .
1.0

If the number to the right of the target place value is 5 or more, round the number in the target place up one unit.

Bloom’s: Applying
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Outcome: 2.2 Apply the rules for rounding decimals.

1. (p. 40)6.555 rounded to the nearest hundredth place is ___________ .
6.56

If the number to the right of the target place value is 5 or more, round the number in the target place up one unit.

Bloom’s: Applying
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Outcome: 2.2 Apply the rules for rounding decimals.

1. (p. 45)3.033 + 41.99 = ___________
45.023

Decimals are added like whole numbers. Decimal points are lined up and included in the answer.

Bloom’s: Applying
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Outcome: 2.5 Add and subtract decimals.

1. (p. 45)Sherri made two purchases at the hospital gift shop for \$11.06 and \$3.40. What is the total amount of money she spent at the gift shop?
\$14.46

Money is treated as decimals and added like whole numbers. Decimal points are lined up and included in the answer.

Bloom’s: Understanding
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Outcome: 2.5 Add and subtract decimals.

1. (p. 45)5.803 + 0.001 + 10.02 = _______________
15.824

Decimals are added like whole numbers. Decimal points are lined up and included in the answer.

Bloom’s: Applying
Difficulty: Hard
Learning Outcome: 2.5 Add and subtract decimals.

1. (p. 45)6.777 + 8 + 31.82 = ______________
46.597

Decimals are added like whole numbers. Decimal points are lined up and included in the answer.

Bloom’s: Applying
Difficulty: Hard
Learning Outcome: 2.5 Add and subtract decimals.

1. (p. 45)9.003 – 5.77 = ___________
3.233

Decimals are subtracted like whole numbers. Decimal points are lined up and included in the answer.

Bloom’s: Applying
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Outcome: 2.5 Add and subtract decimals.

1. (p. 45)13.821 + 0.356 + 12.27 = _______________
26.447

Decimals are added like whole numbers. Decimal points are lined up and included in the answer.

Bloom’s: Applying
Difficulty: Hard
Learning Outcome: 2.5 Add and subtract decimals.

1. (p. 45)17.008 – 2.32 = ______________
14.688

Decimals are subtracted like whole numbers. Decimal points are lined up and included in the answer.

Bloom’s: Applying
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Outcome: 2.5 Add and subtract decimals.

1. (p. 45)35.025 – 2.502 = ___________
32.523

Decimals are subtracted like whole numbers. Decimal points are lined up and included in the answer.

Bloom’s: Applying
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Outcome: 2.5 Add and subtract decimals.

1. (p. 45)The difference between 928.763 and 439.763 is _______________.
489

Decimals are subtracted like whole numbers. Decimal points are lined up and included in the answer.

Bloom’s: Understanding
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Outcome: 2.5 Add and subtract decimals.

1. (p. 45)The difference between 1, 862.301 and 1, 200.065 is ______________.
662.236

Decimals are subtracted like whole numbers. Decimal points are lined up and included in the answer.

Bloom’s: Understanding
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Outcome: 2.5 Add and subtract decimals.

1. (p. 45)A bottle of liquid medicine contains 100 milliliters (mL). The following amounts are given to patients from the bottle: 1.0 mL, 2.75 mL, 3.1 mL, and 1.75 mL. _________ is the amount that should be left in the bottle.
91.4 mL

Decimals are added and subtracted like whole numbers. Decimal points are lined up and included in the answer.

Bloom’s: Understanding
Difficulty: Hard
Learning Outcome: 2.5 Add and subtract decimals.

1. (p. 47)3.076 x 0.4 = ____________
1.2304

Multiply without considering decimal points, count the total number of decimal places and place the decimal point in the answer, counting an equivalent number of places from the right adding 0s as necessary.

Bloom’s: Applying
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Outcome: 2.6 Multiply decimals.

1. (p. 47)0.0401 x 0.0202 = _______________
0.00081002

Multiply without considering decimal points, count the total number of decimal places and place the decimal point in the answer, counting an equivalent number of places from the right adding 0s as necessary.

Bloom’s: Applying
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Outcome: 2.6 Multiply decimals.

1. (p. 47)0.005 x 4.03 = _______________.
0.02015

Multiply without considering decimal points, count the total number of decimal places and place the decimal point in the answer, counting an equivalent number of places from the right adding 0s as necessary.

Bloom’s: Applying
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Outcome: 2.6 Multiply decimals.

1. (p. 47)A patient is given 6.5 milliliters (mL) of liquid 3 times per day, times 4 days. She received ____________ mL of medication over the 4 days.
78

6.5 x 3 = 19.5 x 4 = 78

Bloom’s: Understanding
Difficulty: Hard
Learning Outcome: 2.6 Multiply decimals.

1. (p. 49)0.6   0.02 =
30

0.6 2.02 = 60 2

Bloom’s: Applying
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Outcome: 2.7 Divide decimals.

1. (p. 49)33.3   11 = _____________. Round to the nearest hundredth.
3.03

33.3 11 = 3.027 = 3.03

Bloom’s: Applying
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Outcome: 2.2 Apply the rules for rounding decimals.
Learning Outcome: 2.7 Divide decimals.

1. (p. 49)104.56   100 = ____________.
1.0456

104.56 100 = 1.0456

Bloom’s: Applying
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Outcome: 2.7 Divide decimals.

1. (p. 49)A bottle contains 30 ounces of medication. If the patient receives 0.3 ounces for each dose, the bottle contains ___________ number of doses.
100

30 oz 0.3 = 300 3 = 100

Bloom’s: Understanding
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Outcome: 2.7 Divide decimals.

1. (p. 45)4.56 + 15.8 – 12.45 = _____________.
7.91

4.56 + 15.8 = 20.36 – 12.45 = 8.22

Bloom’s: Applying
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Outcome: 2.5 Add and subtract decimals.

1. (p. 45)65.998 – 25.245 + 18.75 = ____________ (round answer to nearest hundredth)
59.51

65.998 – 25.241 = 40.757 + 18.75 = 59.507 = 59.51

Bloom’s: Applying
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Outcome: 2.2 Apply the rules for rounding decimals.
Learning Outcome: 2.5 Add and subtract decimals.

1. (p. 43)Convert 1.03 to a mixed number: ___________

1 3/100

Bloom’s: Applying
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Outcome: 2.4 Convert decimals into fractions.

1. (p. 43)Convert 0.567 to a fraction: __________

567/1000

Bloom’s: Applying
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Outcome: 2.4 Convert decimals into fractions.

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