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Medical Language for Modern Health Care 3rd Edition Allan Test Bank

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Medical Language for Modern Health Care 3rd Edition Allan Test Bank

ISBN-13: 978-0073513720

ISBN-10: 0073513725

 

Description

Medical Language for Modern Health Care 3rd Edition Allan Test Bank

ISBN-13: 978-0073513720

ISBN-10: 0073513725

 

 

 

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Chapter 016: Special Senses of the Eye and Ear

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Which of the following words means pertaining to tears?
    A. Orbital
    B. Conjunctival
    C. Lacrimal
    D. Ductal
    E. Tarsal

 

  1. Conjunctivitis is commonly known as
    A. esotropia
    B. strabismus
    C. photophobia
    D. pink eye
    E. lazy eye

 

  1. Which of the following words refers to a condition involving the eyelid?
    A. Blepharitis
    B. Dacryostenosis
    C. Strabismus
    D. Periorbital
    E. Scleritis

 

  1. Which word that contains a prefix, root, and suffix refers to a condition involving turning the eye outward?
    A. Strabismus
    B. Exotropia
    C. Esotropia
    D. Stereopsis
    E. Amblyopia

 

 

  1. The word canthus refers to the
    A. inner lining of the eyelids
    B. tear duct
    C. bony socket that holds the eyeball
    D. corner of the eye where the lids meet
    E. pupil of the eye

 

  1. Which of the following words means an infection that can be transmitted from person to person?
    A. Contagious
    B. Contaminate
    C. Purulent
    D. Contamination
    E. Refraction

 

  1. Which of the following words meaning containing a lot of pus is spelled correctly?
    A. Pourulent
    B. Purulent
    C. Purrulent
    D. Purullent
    E. Perulint

 

  1. A procedure involving the surgical repair of the eyelid is called a
    A. Blepharitis
    B. Blepharoptosis
    C. Blepharoplasty
    D. Blepharotomy
    E. Blepharectomy

 

 

  1. The word for the opening in the center of the iris is ______________, and its plural form is ______________.
    A. cornea; corneas
    B. sclera; sclerae
    C. canthus; canthi
    D. pupil; pupillae
    E. lens; lenses

 

  1. Which of the following words has aword element which means narrowing?
    A. Chalazion
    B. Corneal
    C. Dacryostenosis
    D. Hordeolum
    E. Blepharoptosis

 

  1. What is the meaning of the word ocular?
    A. Inflammation of the eyeball
    B. A condition involving the entire eye
    C. Pertaining to the tear duct
    D. Pertaining to the eyelid
    E. Pertaining to the eye

 

  1. Which of the following words has a prefix meaning together?
    A. Contaminate
    B. Exotropia
    C. Ulcerate
    D. Stereopsis
    E. Periorbital

 

 

  1. The word photophobia means
    A. Love of photography
    B. Desire for light
    C. Fear of the dark
    D. Fear of the light
    E. Fear of having one’s picture taken

 

  1. A test to measure distance vision uses
    A. Jaeger reading cards
    B. an ophthalmoscope
    C. the Ishihara color system
    D. the Snellen letter chart
    E. a tonometer

 

  1. Which word containing a prefix, root, and suffix means pertaining to around the bony socket that holds the eye?
    A. Lacrimal
    B. Orbital
    C. Periorbital
    D. Antibiotic
    E. Intraocular

 

  1. The term that refers to the passage from the tear-collecting sac to the nose is the
    A. lacrimal duct
    B. lacrimal conduit
    C. lacrimal-nasal duct
    D. nasal-lacrimal canal
    E. nasolacrimal duct

 

 

  1. In the abbreviation PERRLA, what does the A stand for?
    A. astigmatism
    B. accommodation
    C. asymptomatic
    D. atrophy
    E. auditory

 

  1. Which of the following words means inflammation of the fibrous, outer covering of the eyeball?
    A. Sclera
    B. Scleral
    C. Scleritis
    D. Blepharitis
    E. Retinitis

 

  1. Which of the following words has a prefix meaning inward?
    A. Antibiotic
    B. Contamination
    C. Esotropia
    D. Exotropia
    E. Accomodation

 

  1. In charting and other documentation, the right eye is abbreviated as
    A. A.D.
    B. O.D.
    C. O.U.
    D. O.S.
    E. R.O.

 

 

  1. The procedure LASIK is used to treat which of the following eye conditions?
    A. myopia and astigmatism
    B. emmetropia and hypertropia
    C. presbyopia and cataracts
    D. esotropia and exotropia
    E. strabismus and stereopsis

 

  1. What is the meaning of the word ciliary?
    A. Around the eye
    B. Pertaining to the eyelid
    C. Pertaining to the fibrous outer covering of the eyeball
    D. Pertaining to a hair-like structure
    E. Fibrous covering

 

  1. Adjustment of the lens of the eye to read a newspaper, or follow an object from arm’s length to the patient’s nose is known as
    A. accommodation
    B. photosensitivity
    C. presbyopia
    D. refraction
    E. visual acuity

 

  1. Read this selection: Dacryocystitis is an infection of the lacrimal sac, with swelling and pus at the medial corner of the eye. Which of the following statements best describes a patient with this condition?
    A. No inflammation is involved.
    B. Antibiotics would not help this patient.
    C. A visual acuity test would help with diagnosis.
    D. The canthus is purulent.
    E. The patient is definitely not contagious.

 

 

  1. Which of the following words, meaning a cyst on the outer edge of an eyelid, is correctly spelled?
    A. Calazion
    B. Callazyon
    C. Calezeon
    D. Chalation
    E. Chalazion

 

  1. A person skilled in the measurement of vision, but who cannot treat eye diseases or prescribe medication is known as an
    A. optician
    B. optometrist
    C. optometry
    D. ophthalmologist
    E. opportunist

 

  1. Which of the following words has a suffix meaning sight?
    A. Presbyopia
    B. Ciliary
    C. Stereopsis
    D. Scleritis
    E. Strabismus

 

  1. Which of the following words means three-dimensional vision?
    A. Strabismus
    B. Stereopsis
    C. Exotropia
    D. Amblyopia
    E. Astigmatism

 

 

  1. Which of the following words means pertaining to the light-sensitive, innermost layer of the eyeball?
    A. Pupillary
    B. Sclera
    C. Scleral
    D. Retina
    E. Retinal

 

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. A condition in which there is a complete or partial opacity of the lens is called a ____________.

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. The plural form of the word foramen is
    A. foramens
    B. forameni
    C. foramenae
    D. foramina
    E. foramenum

 

  1. Lutea is a word element that means
    A. gray
    B. green
    C. red
    D. blue
    E. yellow

 

 

  1. A synonym for rods and cones is
    A. photocells.
    B. photodetectors.
    C. photoreceptors.
    D. photophobias.
    E. photodynamics.

 

  1. Which word containing a prefix, root, and suffix refers to an inability to focus light rays uniformly on the retina?
    A. Astigmatism
    B. Emmetropia
    C. Keratotomy
    D. Myopia
    E. Esotropia

 

  1. The suffix -tomy means
    A. a new opening
    B. a surgical incision
    C. a condition
    D. a surgical repair
    E. a surgical excision

 

  1. The term used to describe a condition in which light rays hit the lens, bend again, and sharply focus the image on the retina is
    A. astigmatism
    B. myopia
    C. hyperopia
    D. emmetropia
    E. presbyopia

 

  1. A synonym for neonatal conjunctivitis is:
    A. allergic conjunctivitis
    B. scleritis
    C. ophthalmia neonatorum
    D. hyperopia
    E. macular degeneration

 

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. A condition causing increased intraocular pressure leading to death of retinal cells and eventual blindness is known as _______________________________.

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. The suffix in the word ophthalmoscopy means
    A. instrument for viewing
    B. eye
    C. to examine, to view
    D. measure
    E. abnormal condition

 

  1. Sclera is derived from the Greek word meaning
    A. eyelid
    B. net
    C. hard
    D. band or lace
    E. disease

 

 

  1. A tonometer is an instrument used to measure
    A. peripheral vision
    B. intraocular pressure
    C. color acuity
    D. visual acuity
    E. near vision

 

  1. A specialist who treats diseases of the ear is an
    A. audiologist
    B. otologist
    C. optician
    D. optometrist
    E. otorhinolaryngologist

 

  1. The instruction to take a medication four times each day is abbreviated as
    A. q.i.d
    B. b.i.d
    C. q.4.h
    D. t.i.d
    E. p.r.n

 

  1. An inflammation of the middle ear that is of sudden onset is called
    A. otitis externa
    B. otitis media
    C. acute otitis media
    D. bilateral otitis
    E. chronic tinnitus

 

 

  1. The term otomycosis means
    A. a condition of a bacterial infection in the ear
    B. an abnormal condition of a fungal infection in the ear
    C. an abnormal condition of hardening of the eardrum
    D. a condition of excessive earwax
    E. a condition involving trauma to the ear canal

 

  1. Which of the following words means pertaining to the eardrum?
    A. Pinna
    B. Meatal
    C. Auricular
    D. Tympanic
    E. Mastoid

 

  1. Which of the following words comes from the Latin, meaning hammer?
    A. Malleus
    B. Incus
    C. Stapes
    D. Temporal
    E. Tympanic

 

  1. A synonym for auricle is
    A. cerumen
    B. pinna
    C. tympanic membrane
    D. incus
    E. mastoid

 

 

  1. A myringotomy allows an effusion in the inner ear to drain through ____________________ or _______________________ tubes.
    A. tympanic; eustachian
    B. eustachian; auditory
    C. tympanostomy; pressure equalization
    D. foramina; PE
    E. auditory; cochlear

 

  1. A person suffering from acute labyrinthitis would likely exhibit which of the following symptoms?
    A. vertigo and nausea
    B. deafness and tinnitus
    C. tinnitus and coryza
    D. nausea and vomiting
    E. vertigo and tinnitus

 

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. The medical term for dizziness is ________________________________________.

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Which of the following words has a suffix meaning stone?
    A. Labyrinthitis
    B. Semicircular
    C. Otolith
    D. Paroxysmal
    E. Ampulla

 

 

  1. Which of the following words means pertaining to the base of a structure?
    A. Macular
    B. Cochlear
    C. Structural
    D. Vestibular
    E. Basilar

 

  1. A scoop-shaped instrument for scraping is called a(n)
    A. Otoscope
    B. Incus
    C. Ossicle
    D. Curette
    E. Prosthesis

 

  1. The medical term for swimmer’s ear is
    A. otitis media
    B. otitis externa
    C. labrynthitis
    D. otitic effusion
    E. tympanitis

 

  1. The plural form of the word for the wing-shaped structure of the external ear is
    A. pinnae
    B. pinas
    C. pinnas
    D. pinum
    E. pinni

 

 

  1. Phacoemulsification is a surgical procedure performed to correct which of the following conditions?
    A. glaucoma
    B. retinal detachment
    C. acute macular degeneration
    D. cataract
    E. retinoblastoma

 

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. An electronic device that tests for hearing loss is called an _______________________.

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. The most common cause of sensorineural hearing loss is
    A. large doses of acetaminophen
    B. frequent use of antibiotics
    C. wax filled ear canals
    D. repeated exposure to loud noise
    E. exposure to polluted water while swimming

 

  1. Two tests using tuning forks to determine the type and extent of hearing loss are the
    A. Weber and audiometer
    B. Weber and Rinne
    C. Rinne and tonometer
    D. Rinne and audiometer
    E. Weber and Meniere

 

 

  1. Which of the following conditions is a complication of chronic OME and requires surgery?
    A. perforated tympanic membrane
    B. cholesteatoma
    C. otosclerosis
    D. Ménière’s disease
    E. otoliths

 

  1. A condition where spongy bone forms around the junction of the stapes and oval window, preventing the stapes from conducting the sound vibrations to the inner ear that causes loss of hearing is called
    A. a perforated tympanic membrane
    B. otosclerosis
    C. a cholesteatoma
    D. Ménière’s disease
    E. a tympanic effusion

 

  1. A patient reports dizziness that begins and goes away suddenly with no warning. The term to describe this condition is
    A. chronic
    B. benign
    C. paroxysmal
    D. acute
    E. exacerbation

 

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. The medical term that describes a persistent ringing, whistling, clicking, or booming noise in the ears is __________________________________.

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions
 

  1. Which of the following words is derived from the Latin meaning snail shell?
    A. Basilar
    B. Cochlea
    C. Labyrinth
    D. Malleus
    E. Incus

 

  1. The medical term for drooping of the upper eyelid due to excess skin is called
    A. paresis
    B. myasthenia gravis
    C. ptosis
    D. dacryostenosis
    E. blepharoptosis

 

  1. Another name for a stye is
    A. chalazion
    B. blepharoptosis
    C. hordeolum
    D. dacryocystitis
    E. amblyopia

 

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. The medical term that means partial paralysis is ______________________________.

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions
 

  1. The medical term which means squinting or cross-eyed is called
    A. Esotropia
    B. Exotropia
    C. Emmetropia
    D. Strabismus
    E. Stereopsis

 

  1. The colored portion of the eye is the
    A. ciliary body
    B. cornea
    C. pupil
    D. iris
    E. sclera

 

  1. Another name for myopia is __________________________________.
    A. hyperopia
    B. near-sightedness
    C. presbyopia
    D. far-sightedness
    E. astigmatism

 

  1. The term intraocular means
    A. a condition between the cornea and the lens
    B. pertaining to under the lens
    C. pertaining to within the eye
    D. a condition between the eye and the eye socket
    E. action within the eye

 

 

  1. In the term cryopexy, the suffix means
    A. cold
    B. suture
    C. repair
    D. hold in place
    E. fixation

 

  1. A disease of the light-sensitive innermost layer of the eyeball is called
    A. scleropathy
    B. retinopathy
    C. papilledema
    D. leukocoria
    E. retinoblastoma

 

  1. An instrument used to examine the ear is a(n)
    A. otoscope
    B. ophthalmoscope
    C. otoscopy
    D. tonometer
    E. ophthalmoscopy

 

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. The study of hearing disorders is called _____________________________________.

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions
 

  1. The abbreviation which means both ears is
    A. O.U
    B. A.S.
    C. A.U.
    D. O.D.
    E. B.E.

 

  1. The organ of balance in the ear is the
    A. semicircular canals
    B. cochlea
    C. macula
    D. crista ampularis
    E. labyrinth

 

  1. Which of the following statements best describes Ménière’s disease?
    A. It is a disease with a known etiology that can be reversed with medication.
    B. It is a disease that affects primarily the semicircular canals.
    C. It is a disease involving acute attacks of vertigo, tinnitus, and hearing loss.
    D. It is a disease that usually affects more men than women.
    E. It is a disease with an unknown etiology and a poor life expectancy.

 

  1. A specialist who is licensed to make corrective lenses, adjust and repair glasses, and fit contact lenses is called an
    A. Ophthalmic assistant
    B. Ophthalmologist
    C. Optometrist
    D. Optician
    E. Ophthalmic technician

 

 

  1. The plural form of the word canthus is
    A. canthum
    B. canthi
    C. canthae
    D. canthuses
    E. canthi

 

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. The name of the bony socket that holds the eyeball is called the _____________.

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. An infection of an eyelash follicle producing an abscess with localized pain, swelling, redness and pus formation at the edge of the eyelid is called a(n)
    A. chalazion
    B. conjunctivitis
    C. hordeolum
    D. eyelid edema
    E. ptosis

 

  1. The prefix in the word antibiotic means
    A. pertaining to
    B. life
    C. before
    D. against
    E. without

 

 

  1. Another name for lazy eye is
    A. amblyopia
    B. strabismus
    C. esotropia
    D. exotropia
    E. presbyopia

 

  1. The prefix in the word amblyopia means
    A. sight
    B. dull
    C. gray
    D. wandering
    E. weak

 

  1. A condition is labeled as being congenital. What does this mean?
    A. The condition affects the reproductive organs of the child.
    B. The condition developed shortly after the child was born.
    C. The child was born with the condition.
    D. The condition developed as a result of an infection in the child after birth.
    E. The condition developed following head trauma in the child.

 

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. Another name for far-sightedness is _________________________________.

 

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. The function of the pupil is to
    A. protect the eye
    B. control the amount of light entering the eye
    C. bend the rays of light entering the eye
    D. lubricate the eyeball
    E. give the eye its color

 

  1. The Latin meaning of the word refraction is
    A. lentil shaped
    B. diaphragm of the eye
    C. break up
    D. band
    E. hard

 

  1. An incision in the cornea is referred to as a
    A. keratotomy
    B. keratectomy
    C. corneotomy
    D. cornectomy
    E. keratostomy

 

  1. Scratching the eye through a badly fitting contact lens can cause a condition known as
    A. uveitis
    B. conjunctivitis
    C. scleritis
    D. corneal abrasion
    E. iritis

 

 

  1. In the word papilledema, the suffix means
    A. swelling
    B. pimple
    C. condition of
    D. fixation
    E. stay in one place

 

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. A type of cancer affecting the eye, and the most common one in children is called ____________________________.

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Which of the following tests is used to determine whether a person has color blindness?
    A. Snellen
    B. Ishihara
    C. Jaeger
    D. Peripheral vision
    E. Fluorescein

 

  1. In the word leukocoria, what does the root/combining form mean?
    A. pupil
    B. condition
    C. cornea
    D. white
    E. pertaining to

 

 

  1. The root in the word antipyretic means
    A. fever
    B. against
    C. pain
    D. pertaining to
    E. fire

 

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. Another name for earwax is ______________________________.

 

  1. The tube that connects the middle ear to the nasopharynx is called the ______________________ tube.

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. The suffix in the word ossicle means
    A. bone
    B. condition
    C. small
    D. pertaining to
    E. growth

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Which of the following words means pertaining to tears?
    A.Orbital
    B. Conjunctival
    C. Lacrimal
    D. Ductal
    E. Tarsal

The word lacrimal means pertaining to tears. The word breaks down into the suffix -al meaning pertaining to, and the root lacrim- meaning tears.

 

Blooms: Analyze
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-03
Lesson Objective: 16.1.1

  1. Conjunctivitis is commonly known as
    A.esotropia
    B. strabismus
    C. photophobia
    D. pink eye
    E. lazy eye

Another name for conjunctivitis is the lay term pink eye. It is referred to as pink eye because the eye is red with a thick discharge,causing the eyelids to stick together in the morning. Conjunctivitis can be caused by viruses, many different bacteria, organisms that cause sexually transmitted diseases, and allergies. It is infectious and highly contagious. The word breaks down into the suffix -itis meaning inflammation and the root conjunctiv- meaning conjunctiva, the inner lining of the eyelids. The definition is inflammation of the conjunctiva.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-08

 

 

  1. Which of the following words refers to a condition involving the eyelid?
    A.Blepharitis
    B. Dacryostenosis
    C. Strabismus
    D. Periorbital
    E. Scleritis

Blepharitis refers to an inflammation of the eyelid. The word breaks down into the suffix –itis meaning inflammation, and the root blephar- meaning eyelid. Blepharitis occurs when multiple eyelash follicles and tarsal glands become infected. The margin of the eyelid shows persistent redness and crusting and may become ulcerated. The infection is often caused by the bacteria staphylococci and treated with antibiotic ointments.

 

Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-03
Lesson Objective: 16.1.3

  1. Which word that contains a prefix, root, and suffix refers to a condition involving turning the eye outward?
    A.Strabismus
    B. Exotropia
    C. Esotropia
    D. Stereopsis
    E. Amblyopia

Exotropia refers to a condition where the eye turns outward, away from the nose. It is usually noticed around ages 2 – 4 and often responds to vision therapy including eye exercises and glasses. Occasionally, surgery is needed to establish ocular alignment. The word breaks down into the suffix -ia meaning condition, the prefix exo- meaning outward, and the root -trop- meaning turn.

 

Blooms: Analyze
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-04
Lesson Objective: 16.1.4

 

 

  1. The word canthus refers to the
    A.inner lining of the eyelids
    B. tear duct
    C. bony socket that holds the eyeball
    D. corner of the eye where the lids meet
    E. pupil of the eye

The canthus is the corner where the upper and lower lids meet. It is derived from the Greek meaning corner of the eye.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-03
Lesson Objective: 16.1.4

  1. Which of the following words means an infection that can be transmitted from person to person?
    A.Contagious
    B. Contaminate
    C. Purulent
    D. Contamination
    E. Refraction

The word contagious means able to be transmitted, as infections transmitted from person to person, or from person to air, or surface to person. The word is derived from the Latin meaning touch closely.

 

Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-01
Learning Outcome: 16-02
Lesson Objective: 16.1.4

 

 

  1. Which of the following words meaning containing a lot of pus is spelled correctly?
    A.Pourulent
    B. Purulent
    C. Purrulent
    D. Purullent
    E. Perulint

The word purulent means showing or containing a lot of pus. The word breaks down into the suffix –ulent which means abounding in, and the root pur- meaning pus.

 

Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-01
Lesson Objective: 16.1.4

  1. A procedure involving the surgical repair of the eyelid is called a
    A.Blepharitis
    B. Blepharoptosis
    C. Blepharoplasty
    D. Blepharotomy
    E. Blepharectomy

Blepharoplasty means a surgical repair of the eyelid. The word breaks down into the suffix -plasty meaning surgical repair, and the root/combining form blephar/o- meaning eyelid.

 

Blooms: Analyze
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-03
Lesson Objective: 16.1.4

 

 

  1. The word for the opening in the center of the iris is ______________, and its plural form is ______________.
    A.cornea; corneas
    B. sclera; sclerae
    C. canthus; canthi
    D. pupil; pupillae
    E. lens; lenses

The opening in the center of the iris that allows light to reach the lens is called the pupil; the plural form is pupillae. Pupil (also known as pupilla) is derived from the Latin meaning pupil. The rule for changing a singular word ending in a into a plural is to keep the a and add an e.

 

Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-01
Learning Outcome: 16-05
Lesson Objective: 16.2.1

  1. Which of the following words has aword element which means narrowing?
    A.Chalazion
    B. Corneal
    C. Dacryostenosis
    D. Hordeolum
    E. Blepharoptosis

The word dacryostenosis means a narrowing of the nasolacrimal duct. The word breaks down into the suffix -osis meaning condition, the root/combining form dacry/o- meaning tears, and the root -sten- which means narrowing. The definition is a condition of tear (duct) narrowing.

 

Blooms: Analyze
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-03
Lesson Objective: 16.1.3

 

 

  1. What is the meaning of the word ocular?
    A.Inflammation of the eyeball
    B. A condition involving the entire eye
    C. Pertaining to the tear duct
    D. Pertaining to the eyelid
    E. Pertaining to the eye

The word ocular breaks down into the suffix -ar meaning pertaining to, and the root ocul- meaning eye. The definition is pertaining to the eye.

 

Blooms: Analyze
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-01
Learning Outcome: 16-02
Lesson Objective: 16.1.4

  1. Which of the following words has a prefix meaning together?
    A.Contaminate
    B. Exotropia
    C. Ulcerate
    D. Stereopsis
    E. Periorbital

Contaminate means to cause the presence of an infectious agent to be on any surface. The word breaks down into the suffix -ate meaning composed of, pertaining to, the prefix con- meaning together, and the root –tamin- which means touch.

 

Blooms: Analyze
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-01
Learning Outcome: 16-02
Lesson Objective: 16.1.4

 

 

  1. The word photophobia means
    A.Love of photography
    B. Desire for light
    C. Fear of the dark
    D. Fear of the light
    E. Fear of having one’s picture taken

The word photophobia means a fear of the light because light hurts the eyes. The word breaks down into the suffix -phobia meaning fear, and the root/combining form phot/o-meaning light.

 

Blooms: Analyze
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-08
Lesson Objective: 16.1.4

  1. A test to measure distance vision uses
    A.Jaeger reading cards
    B. an ophthalmoscope
    C. the Ishihara color system
    D. the Snellen letter chart
    E. a tonometer

The Snellen letter chart tests distance vision. The results are recorded as a fraction, such as 20/20. The first number corresponds to the distance (20 feet) that the chart is placed from the person to read. The second number refers to the sharpness and clarity of vision. Perfect vision is expressed as 20/20.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-09
Lesson Objective: 16.2.6

 

 

  1. Which word containing a prefix, root, and suffix means pertaining to around the bony socket that holds the eye?
    A.Lacrimal
    B. Orbital
    C. Periorbital
    D. Antibiotic
    E. Intraocular

The word periorbital breaks down into the suffix -al meaning pertaining to, the prefix peri- meaning around, and the root -orbit- meaning orbit. The definition is pertaining to around the orbit (the bony socket which holds the eye).

 

Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-01
Learning Outcome: 16-02
Lesson Objective: 16.1.2

  1. The term that refers to the passage from the tear-collecting sac to the nose is the
    A.lacrimal duct
    B. lacrimal conduit
    C. lacrimal-nasal duct
    D. nasal-lacrimal canal
    E. nasolacrimal duct

The passageway from the lacrimal sac to the nose is called the nasolacrimal duct. The word breaks down into the suffix -al meaning pertaining to, the root lacrim- meaning tears, the root/combining form nas/o- meaning nose, and the root duct meaning to lead.

 

Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-03
Lesson Objective: 16.1.1

 

 

  1. In the abbreviation PERRLA, what does the A stand for?
    A.astigmatism
    B. accommodation
    C. asymptomatic
    D. atrophy
    E. auditory

The abbreviation PERRLA stands for pupils equal, round, reactive to light and accommodation. This abbreviation is medical shorthand for a quick normal eye examination.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-01
Lesson Objective: 16.2.6

  1. Which of the following words means inflammation of the fibrous, outer covering of the eyeball?
    A.Sclera
    B. Scleral
    C. Scleritis
    D. Blepharitis
    E. Retinitis

The sclera is the fibrous outer covering of the eyeball and the white of the eye. An inflammation of the sclera is called scleritis. The word breaks down into the suffix -itis meaning inflammation, and the root scler- meaning hard, white of the eye. Scleritis can affect one or both eyes. It causes dull pain and intense redness, and is often associated with rheumatoid arthritis and the digestive disorder Crohn’s disease.

 

Blooms: Analyze
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-05
Lesson Objective: 16.2.6

 

 

  1. Which of the following words has a prefix meaning inward?
    A.Antibiotic
    B. Contamination
    C. Esotropia
    D. Exotropia
    E. Accomodation

Esotropia means a turning of the eye inward toward the nose. The word breaks down into the suffix -ia meaning condition, the prefix eso- meaning inward, and the root-trop- meaning turn.

 

Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-01
Learning Outcome: 16-02
Lesson Objective: 16.1.4

  1. In charting and other documentation, the right eye is abbreviated as
    A.A.D.
    B. O.D.
    C. O.U.
    D. O.S.
    E. R.O.

The abbreviation O.D. means right eye; it is derived from the Latin meaning oculus dexter.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-01
Lesson Objective: 16.2.6

 

 

  1. The procedure LASIK is used to treat which of the following eye conditions?
    A.myopia and astigmatism
    B. emmetropia and hypertropia
    C. presbyopia and cataracts
    D. esotropia and exotropia
    E. strabismus and stereopsis

Laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) is used to treat myopia (near-sightedness), hyperopia (far-sightedness), and astigmatism (unequal curvatures of the cornea).

 

Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-09
Lesson Objective: 16.2.6

  1. What is the meaning of the word ciliary?
    A.Around the eye
    B. Pertaining to the eyelid
    C. Pertaining to the fibrous outer covering of the eyeball
    D. Pertaining to a hair-like structure
    E. Fibrous covering

The word ciliary means pertaining to a hair-like structure. The word breaks down into the suffix -ary meaning pertaining to, and the root cili- meaning hair-like structure. The ciliary body has a ciliary muscle that makes the lens of the eye thinner or thicker, enabling it to bend light rays and focus them on the retina. This process is called accommodation.

 

Blooms: Analyze
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-05
Lesson Objective: 16.2.1

 

 

  1. Adjustment of the lens of the eye to read a newspaper, or follow an object from arm’s length to the patient’s nose is known as
    A.accommodation
    B. photosensitivity
    C. presbyopia
    D. refraction
    E. visual acuity

Accommodation refers to the act of adjusting something to make it fit the needs; in the case of the eye, the lens adjusts itself for near and far vision. The word breaks down into the suffix -ion mean action, the prefix ac- meaning toward, and the root -commodat- meaning adjust. The definition means the action toward adjusting (the lens).

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-06
Lesson Objective: 16.1.1

  1. Read this selection: Dacryocystitis is an infection of the lacrimal sac, with swelling and pus at the medial corner of the eye. Which of the following statements best describes a patient with this condition?
    A.No inflammation is involved.
    B. Antibiotics would not help this patient.
    C. A visual acuity test would help with diagnosis.
    D. The canthus is purulent.
    E. The patient is definitely not contagious.

Dacryocystitis means an inflammation of the tear sac. The word breaks down into the suffix –itis meaning inflammation, the root/combining form dacry/o- meaning tears, and the root -cyst- meaning sac. The statement that the canthus is purulent means that pus is present (purulent) in the corner of the eye, closest to the nose (canthus).

 

Blooms: Analyze
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-01
Learning Outcome: 16-02
Learning Outcome: 16-03
Lesson Objective: 16.1.3

 

 

  1. Which of the following words, meaning a cyst on the outer edge of an eyelid, is correctly spelled?
    A.Calazion
    B. Callazyon
    C. Calezeon
    D. Chalation
    E. Chalazion

A chalazion is a cyst on the outer edge of an eyelid. It is a small, painless, localized, whitish swelling inside the eyelid when a tarsal gland becomes blocked. It can disappear spontaneously or may require surgical removal. The word derives from the Greek meaning lump.

 

Blooms: Analyze
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-03
Lesson Objective: 16.1.3

  1. A person skilled in the measurement of vision, but who cannot treat eye diseases or prescribe medication is known as an
    A.optician
    B. optometrist
    C. optometry
    D. ophthalmologist
    E. opportunist

An optometrist, abbreviated as OD, (doctor of optometry) is a professional skilled in the measurement of vision. An optometrist is not a medical doctor and cannot prescribe medications nor treat eye conditions. The word breaks down into the suffix -metrist meaning skilled in measurement, and the root/combining form opt/o- mean vision. The definition is skilled in measuring vision.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-01
Learning Outcome: 16-02
Lesson Objective: 16.1.4

 

 

  1. Which of the following words has a suffix meaning sight?
    A.Presbyopia
    B. Ciliary
    C. Stereopsis
    D. Scleritis
    E. Strabismus

Presbyopia breaks down into the suffix -opia meaning sight, and the root presby- meaning old age. The word refers to difficulty in nearsighted vision which occurs in middle and old age. The lens has no blood supply or nerves, and with increasing age, the lens loses its elasticity. Focusing on near objects is difficult without reading glasses or bifocal lenses.

 

Blooms: Analyze
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-08
Lesson Objective: 16.2.3

  1. Which of the following words means three-dimensional vision?
    A.Strabismus
    B. Stereopsis
    C. Exotropia
    D. Amblyopia
    E. Astigmatism

Steropsis means three-dimensional vision. The word breaks down into the suffix-opsis meaning vision, and the root stere- meaning three-dimensional.

 

Blooms: Analyze
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-01
Learning Outcome: 16-02
Lesson Objective: 16.1.4

 

 

  1. Which of the following words means pertaining to the light-sensitive, innermost layer of the eyeball?
    A.Pupillary
    B. Sclera
    C. Scleral
    D. Retina
    E. Retinal

The retina is the light sensitive innermost layer of the eyeball. It is derived from the Latin meaning net. The wordretinal is an adjective meaning pertaining to the retina.

 

Blooms: Analyze
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-05
Lesson Objective: 16.2.4

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. A condition in which there is a complete or partial opacity of the lens is called a ____________.
    Cataract

A cataract is a complete or partial opacity of the lens. It is typically caused by a deterioration of the lens due to aging and may be associated with diabetes and with cigarette smoke. The word is derived from the Greek meaning waterfall.

 

Blooms: Analyze
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 1-3 minutes
Learning Outcome: 16-08
Lesson Objective: 16.2.5

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions
 

  1. The plural form of the word foramen is
    A.foramens
    B. forameni
    C. foramenae
    D. foramina
    E. foramenum

The plural form of the word foramen is foramina. A foramen is an opening through a structure. The word foramen is derived from the Latin meaning hole. The rule for changing a singular word ending in en into a plural is to drop the en and replace it with ina.

 

Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-06
Lesson Objective: 16.2.3

  1. Lutea is a word element that means
    A.gray
    B. green
    C. red
    D. blue
    E. yellow

Lutea is a word element meaning yellow. It is used to describe the macula lutea, a yellowish spot on the back of the retina which contains the fovea centralis. Macula means small spot.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-06

 

 

  1. A synonym for rods and cones is
    A.photocells.
    B. photodetectors.
    C. photoreceptors.
    D. photophobias.
    E. photodynamics.

Rods and cones are called photoreceptors. A photoreceptor cell receives light and converts it into electrical impulses. The word breaks down into the suffix -or meaning that which does something, the root/combining form phot/o- meaning light, and the root –recept- meaning receive. The definition is that which does something to receive light.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-08
Lesson Objective: 16.2.4

  1. Which word containing a prefix, root, and suffix refers to an inability to focus light rays uniformly on the retina?
    A.Astigmatism
    B. Emmetropia
    C. Keratotomy
    D. Myopia
    E. Esotropia

Astigmatism is a condition in which there is an inability to focus light rays that enters the eye in different planes. Unequal curvatures of the cornea cause unequal focusing and blurred images. The word breaks down into the suffix -ism meaning action, the prefix a- meaning without, and the root -stigmat- meaning focus.

 

Blooms: Analyze
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-07
Lesson Objective: 16.2.2

 

 

  1. The suffix -tomy means
    A.a new opening
    B. a surgical incision
    C. a condition
    D. a surgical repair
    E. a surgical excision

The suffix –tomy means a surgical incision. An example is the word keratotomy. The suffix– tomy means surgical incision, and the root/combining form kerat/o- means cornea. The definition is a surgical incision in the cornea.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-09
Lesson Objective: 16.2.6

  1. The term used to describe a condition in which light rays hit the lens, bend again, and sharply focus the image on the retina is
    A.astigmatism
    B. myopia
    C. hyperopia
    D. emmetropia
    E. presbyopia

Emmetropia is a normal refractive condition of the eye. The word breaks down into the prefix emmetr- meaning measure, and the root -opia meaning sight.

 

Blooms: Analyze
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-06
Lesson Objective: 16.2.3

 

 

  1. A synonym for neonatal conjunctivitis is:
    A.allergic conjunctivitis
    B. scleritis
    C. ophthalmia neonatorum
    D. hyperopia
    E. macular degeneration

A synonym for neonatal conjunctivitis is ophthalmia neonatorum. It can be caused by a blocked tear duct in the baby, by antibiotic eye drops given routinely at birth, or by sexually transmitted bacteria in an infected mother’s birth canal. The word ophthalmia breaks down into the suffix –ia meaning condition, and the root ophthalm- meaning eye; neonatorum breaks down into the suffix -orum meaning function of, the prefix neo- meaning new, and the root -nat- meaning newborn.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-08
Lesson Objective: 16.2.5

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. A condition causing increased intraocular pressure leading to death of retinal cells and eventual blindness is known as _______________________________.
    Glaucoma

Aqueous humor should be able to escape from the eye and enter the bloodstream. If fluid continues to be produced and pressure builds up within the eye, the increased pressure interferes with the blood supply to the retina, causing death of retinal cells. Eventually the optic nerve fibers are damaged. This condition is called glaucoma and is the major cause of blindness. Treatment is a lifelong use of eye drops to stop the progression of glaucoma but lost vision cannot be restored.

 

Blooms: Analyze
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 1-3 minutes
Learning Outcome: 16-08
Lesson Objective: 16.2.1
Lesson Objective: 16.2.5

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions
 

  1. The suffix in the word ophthalmoscopy means
    A.instrument for viewing
    B. eye
    C. to examine, to view
    D. measure
    E. abnormal condition

The suffix in the word ophthalmoscopy is –scopy which means to examine, to view, and the root/combining form ophthalm/o- means eye. The definition is to view or examine the eye. This procedure is done with an instrument called an ophthalmoscope.

 

Blooms: Analyze
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 1-3 minutes
Learning Outcome: 16-09
Lesson Objective: 16.2.6

  1. Sclera is derived from the Greek word meaning
    A.eyelid
    B. net
    C. hard
    D. band or lace
    E. disease

The sclera is the fibrous outer covering of the eyeball and the white part of the eye. The word is derived from the Greek meaning hard.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-03
Lesson Objective: 16.2.1

 

 

  1. A tonometer is an instrument used to measure
    A.peripheral vision
    B. intraocular pressure
    C. color acuity
    D. visual acuity
    E. near vision

A tonometer determines the eyeball’s resistance to indentation or tension and is used to diagnose glaucoma. The word breaks down into the suffix –meter which means measure, and the root/combining form ton/o- meaning pressure. The definition is measuring pressure.

 

Blooms: Analyze
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-09

  1. A specialist who treats diseases of the ear is an
    A.audiologist
    B. otologist
    C. optician
    D. optometrist
    E. otorhinolaryngologist

Otologists are medical specialists in diseases of the ear. The word breaks down into the suffix -logist meaning one who studies, and the root/combining form ot/o- meaning the ear.

 

Blooms: Analyze
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-01
Learning Outcome: 16-02
Lesson objective: 16.3.4

 

 

  1. The instruction to take a medication four times each day is abbreviated as
    A.q.i.d
    B. b.i.d
    C. q.4.h
    D. t.i.d
    E. p.r.n

The abbreviation q.i.d. means four times per day. The abbreviation is derived from the Latin quater in die.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-01
Lesson objective: 16.3.4

  1. An inflammation of the middle ear that is of sudden onset is called
    A.otitis externa
    B. otitis media
    C. acute otitis media
    D. bilateral otitis
    E. chronic tinnitus

Otitis media is an inflammation of the middle ear, and the word acute means sudden. Otitis breaks down into the suffix –itis meaning inflammation, and the root ot- meaning ear; the word media is a root meaning middle. Acute otitis media (AOM) is the presence of pus in the middle ear with pain in the ear, fever, and redness of the tympanic membrane.

 

Blooms: Analyze
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-11
Lesson objective: 16.3.4

 

 

  1. The term otomycosis means
    A.a condition of a bacterial infection in the ear
    B. an abnormal condition of a fungal infection in the ear
    C. an abnormal condition of hardening of the eardrum
    D. a condition of excessive earwax
    E. a condition involving trauma to the ear canal

The word otomycosis means an abnormal condition of a fungal infection of the external ear. The word breaks down into the suffix -sis meaning abnormal condition, the root/combining form ot/o- meaning ear, and the root/combining form -myc/o- meaning fungus. The definition is an abnormal condition of ear fungus. Fungal infections are responsible for 10% of patients seen with otitis externa.

 

Blooms: Analyze
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-10
Lesson objective: 16.3.4

  1. Which of the following words means pertaining to the eardrum?
    A.Pinna
    B. Meatal
    C. Auricular
    D. Tympanic
    E. Mastoid

The word tympanic means pertaining to the eardrum. The word breaks down into the suffix -ic meaning pertaining to, and the root tympan- meaning eardrum, tympanic membrane.

 

Blooms: Analyze
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-11
Lesson Objective: 16.3.1

 

 

  1. Which of the following words comes from the Latin, meaning hammer?
    A.Malleus
    B. Incus
    C. Stapes
    D. Temporal
    E. Tympanic

The three tiny bones (ossicles) in the middle ear are named the incus, malleus, and stapes based on their shape. Malleus is derived from the Latin meaning hammer because of its shape.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-12
Lesson objective: 16.3.4

  1. A synonym for auricle is
    A.cerumen
    B. pinna
    C. tympanic membrane
    D. incus
    E. mastoid

The pinna is another name for auricle. The word is derived from the Latin meaning wing.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-10
Lesson Objective: 16.3.1

 

 

  1. A myringotomy allows an effusion in the inner ear to drain through ____________________ or _______________________ tubes.
    A.tympanic; eustachian
    B. eustachian; auditory
    C. tympanostomy; pressure equalization
    D. foramina; PE
    E. auditory; cochlear

A myringotomy (suffix -tomy meaning surgical incision, and the root/combining form myring/o- meaning eardrum, tympanic membrane) is done to relieve an effusion (a collection of fluid that has escaped from blood vessels into a cavity or tissues). After an incision is made into the tympanic membrane, tympanostomy (suffix -stomy meaning new opening, and the root/combining form tympan/o- meaning eardrum) tubes are inserted. Tympanostomy tubes are also known as pressure-equalization tubes or PE tubes. The procedure is done as an outpatient surgery, and the tubes are inserted under general anesthesia. The tubes remain in the ear for 6 to 18 months before dropping out on their own.

 

Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-11
Lesson objective: 16.3.4

  1. A person suffering from acute labyrinthitis would likely exhibit which of the following symptoms?
    A.vertigo and nausea
    B. deafness and tinnitus
    C. tinnitus and coryza
    D. nausea and vomiting
    E. vertigo and tinnitus

Acute labyrinthitis is a viral infection of the labyrinth of the inner ear producing the symptoms of extreme vertigo, nausea and vomiting. The attack generally lasts 1 to 2 weeks. The word breaks down into the suffix –itis meaning inflammation, and the root labyrinth- meaning inner ear. The definition is an inflammation of the inner ear.

 

Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-11

 

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

 

  1. The medical term for dizziness is ________________________________________.
    Vertigo

Vertigo is the medical term for the sensation of spinning or whirling. It is derived from the Latin meaning dizziness.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 1-3 minutes
Learning Outcome: 16-12

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Which of the following words has a suffix meaning stone?
    A.Labyrinthitis
    B. Semicircular
    C. Otolith
    D. Paroxysmal
    E. Ampulla

An otolith is a calcium particle in the vestibule of the inner ear. The word breaks down into the suffix –lith meaning stone, and the root/combining form ot/o- meaning ear.

 

Blooms: Analyze
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-12
Lesson Objective: 16.3.1

 

 

  1. Which of the following words means pertaining to the base of a structure?
    A.Macular
    B. Cochlear
    C. Structural
    D. Vestibular
    E. Basilar

The word basilar means pertaining to the base of a structure. The word breaks down into the suffix –ar meaning pertaining to, and the root basil- meaning base, support.

 

Blooms: Analyze
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-12
Lesson objective: 16.3.4

  1. A scoop-shaped instrument for scraping is called a(n)
    A.Otoscope
    B. Incus
    C. Ossicle
    D. Curette
    E. Prosthesis

A curette is a scoop-shaped instrument for scraping the interior of a cavity and removing new growth. The word breaks down into the suffix -ette meaning little, and the root cur- meaning cleanse, cure.

 

Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-10
Lesson objective: 16.3.4

 

 

  1. The medical term for swimmer’s ear is
    A.otitis media
    B. otitis externa
    C. labrynthitis
    D. otitic effusion
    E. tympanitis

Otitis externa is known as swimmer’s ear since it comes on after swimming, particularly if the water is polluted. It is an infection of the lining of the external auditory canal. The ear canal is painful, red, and swollenRemember,metimes with a purulent drainage. The infection can be bacterial or fungal. The word breaks down into the suffix -itis meaning inflammation, the root ot- meaning ear, and the word externa referring to the external auditory canal.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-10
Lesson objective: 16.3.4

  1. The plural form of the word for the wing-shaped structure of the external ear is
    A.pinnae
    B. pinas
    C. pinnas
    D. pinum
    E. pinni

The wing-shaped structure of the external ear is the pinna; the plural form of the word is pinnae. The rule when changing a singular word ending in a into a plural is to leave the a and add an e.

 

Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-10
Lesson Objective: 16.3.1

 

 

  1. Phacoemulsification is a surgical procedure performed to correct which of the following conditions?
    A.glaucoma
    B. retinal detachment
    C. acute macular degeneration
    D. cataract
    E. retinoblastoma

Phacoemulsification is a surgical procedure performed on a patient with a cataract. It is a technique that uses ultrasonic waves to fragment the center of the lens into very tiny pieces and then suck them out of the eye. The word breaks down into the suffix -ation meaning process, the root/combining form phaco- meaning lens, and the root -emulsific- meaning to milk out.

 

Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-09
Lesson Objective: 16.2.6

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. An electronic device that tests for hearing loss is called an _______________________.
    Audiometer

An audiometer is an electronic device that generates sounds in different frequencies and intensities and can print out the patient’s responses. The word breaks down into the suffix -meter meaning measure, and the root/combining form audi/o- meaning hearing. The definition is measure hearing.

 

Blooms: Analyze
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-13

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions
 

  1. The most common cause of sensorineural hearing loss is
    A.large doses of acetaminophen
    B. frequent use of antibiotics
    C. wax filled ear canals
    D. repeated exposure to loud noise
    E. exposure to polluted water while swimming

The most common cause of hearing loss today is damage to the fine hairs in the cochlea by exposure to repeated loud noise, either work related (leaf blowers and jackhammers), or related to leisure activities (loud music at concerts and personal listening devices). This is called sensorineural hearing loss. The word breaks down into the suffix -al meaning pertaining to, the root/combining form sensor/i- meaning sensory, and the root-neur- meaning nerve.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-12
Lesson Objective: 16.3.3

 

 

  1. Two tests using tuning forks to determine the type and extent of hearing loss are the
    A.Weber and audiometer
    B. Weber and Rinne
    C. Rinne and tonometer
    D. Rinne and audiometer
    E. Weber and Meniere

Two procedures which use a tuning fork to test for hearing loss are the Weber test and the Rinne test. In the Weber test, a tuning fork is struck against the health care provider’s elbow to make a tone. The tuning fork is then placed in the middle of the patient’s forehead. The patient is asked whether the tone is louder in one ear or equal on both sides. This determines on which side a hearing loss is located. For the Rinne test, a vibrating tuning fork is placed on the mastoid process behind the opening of the ear canal. Then it is held opposite the ear canal. The patient is asked where the tone was louder and/or lasted longer. NormallyRemember,und is heard longer by air conduction at the ear canal than by bone conduction at the mastoid process. The reverse indicates a conductive hearing loss.

 

Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-13

 

  1. Which of the following conditions is a complication of chronic OME and requires surgery?
    A.perforated tympanic membrane
    B. cholesteatoma
    C. otosclerosis
    D. Ménière’s disease
    E. otoliths

Cholesteatoma is a complication of chronic otitis media with effusion (OME). Chronically inflamed cells in the middle ear multiply and collect into a tumor, damaging the ossicles. It can spread to the inner ear and surgical removal is the only treatment option. The word breaks down into the suffix -oma meaning tumor, mass, the root/combining form chol/e- meaning bile, and the root -steat- meaning fat. The definition is a yellow, waxy tumor arising in the middle ear.

 

Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-11
Lesson objective: 16.3.4

 

f

  1. A condition where spongy bone forms around the junction of the stapes and oval window, preventing the stapes from conducting the sound vibrations to the inner ear that causes loss of hearing is called
    A.a perforated tympanic membrane
    B. otosclerosis
    C. a cholesteatoma
    D. Ménière’s disease
    E. a tympanic effusion

Otosclerosis is a middle-ear disease that usually affects people between the ages of 18 and 35 years of age. It can affect one or both ears and produces a gradual loss of hearing for low and soft sounds. The etiology is unknown and the only treatment is to replace the stapes with a metal or plastic prosthesis. Spongy bone forms around the junction of the oval window and stapes, preventing the stapes from conducting the sound vibrations to the inner ear. The word breaks down into the suffix -sis meaning abnormal condition, the root/combining form -scler/o- meaning hardening, and the root/combining form ot/o- meaning ear.

 

Blooms: Analyze
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-11
Lesson Objective: 16.3.3

 

  1. A patient reports dizziness that begins and goes away suddenly with no warning. The term to describe this condition is
    A.chronic
    B. benign
    C. paroxysmal
    D. acute
    E. exacerbation

The word paroxysmal means occurring in sharp, spasmodic episodes. The word breaks down into the suffix -al meaning pertaining to, and the root -paroxysm- meaning irritation.

 

Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-01
Learning Outcome: 16-02
Lesson objective: 16.3.4

 

 

 

 

 

Fill in the Blank Questions
64. The medical term that describes a persistent ringing, whistling, clicking, or booming noise in the ears is __________________________________.
Tinnitus

The term tinnitus is derived from the Latin meaning jingle. It refers to a persistent ringing, whistling, clicking, or booming noise in the ears.

 

Blooms: Analyze
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 1-3 minutes
Learning Outcome: 16-01
Learning Outcome: 16-02
Lesson Objective: 16.3.3

 

Multiple Choice Questions
 

  1. Which of the following words is derived from the Latin meaning snail shell?
    A.Basilar
    B. Cochlea
    C. Labyrinth
    D. Malleus
    E. Incus

The word cochlea is derived from the Latin meaning snail shell. The cochlea is an intricate combination of passages and is used to describe the part of the inner ear used in hearing.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-12
Lesson Objective: 16.3.1

 

 

  1. The medical term for drooping of the upper eyelid due to excess skin is called
    A.paresis
    B. myasthenia gravis
    C. ptosis
    D. dacryostenosis
    E. blepharoptosis

Blepharoptosis means a drooping of the upper eyelid due to excess skin. The word breaks down into the suffix -ptosis which means drooping, and the root/combining form blephar/o- meaning eyelid.

 

Blooms: Analyze
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-03

 

  1. Another name for a stye is
    A.chalazion
    B. blepharoptosis
    C. hordeolum
    D. dacryocystitis
    E. amblyopia

Another name for a stye is a hordeolum. It is an abscess in an eyelash follicle. Hordeolum is derived from the Latin which means stye in the eye.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-03

 

Lesson Objective: 16.1.3

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. The medical term that means partial paralysis is ______________________________.
    Paresis

The term paresis is derived from the Greek meaning paralysis; the medical term means partial paralysis.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 1-3 minutes
Learning Outcome: 16-01
Learning Outcome: 16-02
Lesson Objective: 16.1.4

 

Multiple Choice Questions
 

  1. The medical term which means squinting or cross-eyed is called
    A.Esotropia
    B. Exotropia
    C. Emmetropia
    D. Strabismus
    E. Stereopsis

Strabismus means squinting or cross-eyed. The word breaks down into the suffix-ismuswhich means take action, and the root strab- meaning squint. Strabismus refers to a turning of an eye away from its normal position.

 

Blooms: Analyze
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-04
Lesson Objective: 16.1.4

 

 

  1. The colored portion of the eye is the
    A.ciliary body
    B. cornea
    C. pupil
    D. iris
    E. sclera

The colored portion of the eye with the pupil at its center is the iris. The word iris is derived from the Greek meaning diaphragm of the eye.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-05
Lesson Objective: 16.2.1

 

  1. Another name for myopia is __________________________________.
    A.hyperopia
    B. near-sightedness
    C. presbyopia
    D. far-sightedness
    E. astigmatism

Another name for myopia is near-sightedness. Because the eyeball is elongated, faraway objects are focused in front of the retina. A person with myopia is able to see close objects but unable to see distant objects. The word breaks down into the prefix myo- meaning to blink, and the root -opia meaning sight.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-07
Lesson Objective: 16.2.6

 

 

  1. The term intraocular means
    A.a condition between the cornea and the lens
    B. pertaining to under the lens
    C. pertaining to within the eye
    D. a condition between the eye and the eye socket
    E. action within the eye

The word intraocular means pertaining to within the eye. Following the removal of cataract, an artificial lens is often implanted within the eye which becomes a permanent part of the eye. This is called an intraocular lens implant. The word breaks down into the suffix -ar meaning pertaining to, the prefix intra- meaning within, and the root -ocul- meaning eye.

 

Blooms: Analyze
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-09
Lesson Objective: 16.2.3

 

  1. In the term cryopexy, the suffix means
    A.cold
    B. suture
    C. repair
    D. hold in place
    E. fixation

The suffix in the word cryopexy is -pexy which means fixation, and the root/combining form cry/o- means cold. Cryopexy is used to repair a detached retina by freezing it to surrounding tissue. When the retina becomes detached, photoreceptor cells can die; this condition is a medical emergency.

 

Blooms: Analyze
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-09
Lesson Objective: 16.2.6

 

 

  1. A disease of the light-sensitive innermost layer of the eyeball is called
    A.scleropathy
    B. retinopathy
    C. papilledema
    D. leukocoria
    E. retinoblastoma

Retinopathy is a general term that means a disease of the light-sensitive innermost layer of the eyeball, the retina. Retinopathy can have many causes but the disease occurs most frequently in diabetics whose blood sugar is poorly controlled – this is called diabetic retinopathy. The word breaks down into the suffix –pathy meaning disease, and the root/combining form retin/o- meaning retina.

 

Blooms: Analyze
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-08
Lesson Objective: 16.2.5

 

 

  1. An instrument used to examine the ear is a(n)
    A.otoscope
    B. ophthalmoscope
    C. otoscopy
    D. tonometer
    E. ophthalmoscopy

An otoscope is an instrument used to examine the ear. The word breaks down into the suffix -scope meaning instrument for viewing, and the root/combining form ot/o- meaning ear.

 

Blooms: Analyze
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-09
Lesson objective: 16.3.4

 

 

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. The study of hearing disorders is called _____________________________________.
    audiology

Audiology is the study of hearing disorders. The word breaks down into the suffix -logy meaning study of, and the root/combining form audi/o- meaning hearing.

 

Blooms: Analyze
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 1-3 minutes
Learning Outcome: 16-01
Learning Outcome: 16-02
Lesson objective: 16.3.4

 

Multiple Choice Questions
 

  1. The abbreviation which means both ears is
    A.O.U
    B. A.S.
    C. A.U.
    D. O.D.
    E. B.E.

The abbreviation meaning both ears is A.U. which stands for auris uterque. While this is an acceptable abbreviation, it is better to write out the words both ears instead of using the abbreviation to avoid misinterpretations.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-01
Learning Outcome: 16-02
Lesson objective: 16.3.4

 

 

  1. The organ of balance in the ear is the
    A.semicircular canals
    B. cochlea
    C. macula
    D. crista ampularis
    E. labyrinth

The vestibule and the three semicircular canals are the organs of balance.

 

Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-12
Lesson Objective: 16.3.1

 

  1. Which of the following statements best describes Ménière’s disease?
    A.It is a disease with a known etiology that can be reversed with medication.
    B. It is a disease that affects primarily the semicircular canals.
    C. It is a disease involving acute attacks of vertigo, tinnitus, and hearing loss.
    D. It is a disease that usually affects more men than women.
    E. It is a disease with an unknown etiology and a poor life expectancy.

Ménière’s disease is a disorder of the inner ear that involves the destruction of inner-ear hair cells. It is characterized by acute attacks of tinnitus, vertigo, and hearing loss.The etiology is unknown and there is no cure. Medication can be prescribed to control the vertigo, nausea and vomiting.

 

Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-12
Lesson Objective: 16.3.3

 

 

  1. A specialist who is licensed to make corrective lenses, adjust and repair glasses, and fit contact lenses is called an
    A.Ophthalmic assistant
    B. Ophthalmologist
    C. Optometrist
    D. Optician
    E. Ophthalmic technician

An optician is a licensed specialist trained to make corrective lenses, adjust and repair glasses, and fit contact lenses.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-02
Lesson Objective: 16.1.1

 

  1. The plural form of the word canthus is
    A.canthum
    B. canthi
    C. canthae
    D. canthuses
    E. canthi

The plural form of the word canthus is canthi. The rule in making a singular word that ends in us into a plural is to drop the us and add i. The canthus is the corner of the eye where the upper and lower eyelids meet.

 

Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-01
Learning Outcome: 16-02
Lesson Objective: 16.1.4

 

 

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. The name of the bony socket that holds the eyeball is called the _____________.
    Orbit

The orbit is a bony socket that holds the eyeball. It is derived from the Latin meaning circle.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 1-3 minutes
Learning Outcome: 16-03
Lesson Objective: 16.1.1

 

Multiple Choice Questions
 

 

  1. An infection of an eyelash follicle producing an abscess with localized pain, swelling, redness and pus formation at the edge of the eyelid is called a(n)
    A.chalazion
    B. conjunctivitis
    C. hordeolum
    D. eyelid edema
    E. ptosis

A hordeolum, also known as a stye, is an abscess in an eyelash follicle. The word is derived from the Latin meaning stye in the eye.

 

Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-03
Lesson Objective: 16.1.3

 

 

  1. The prefix in the word antibiotic means
    A.pertaining to
    B. life
    C. before
    D. against
    E. without

The prefix in the word antibiotic is anti- meaning against, the suffix -tic means pertaining to, and the root -bio- means life. The definition is pertaining to against life. An antibiotic is a substance that has the capacity to destroy bacteria and other microorganisms.

 

Blooms: Analyze
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-01
Learning Outcome: 16-02
Lesson Objective: 16.1.4

 

  1. Another name for lazy eye is
    A.amblyopia
    B. strabismus
    C. esotropia
    D. exotropia
    E. presbyopia

Strabismus is not the same as amblyopia, also known as lazy eye, which occurs in children when vision in one eye has not developed as well as in the other. It occurs because the eye and the brain are not cooperating for the one eye. Treatment involves developing the vision in the weaker eye through placing a patch over the stronger eye, or using eye drops to blur the vision of the stronger eye.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-06
Lesson Objective: 16.1.3

 

 

  1. The prefix in the word amblyopia means
    A.sight
    B. dull
    C. gray
    D. wandering
    E. weak

The prefix in the word amblyopia is ambly- meaning dull, and the root -opia means sight. Amblyopia occurs from a failure or incomplete development of the pathways of vision to the brain.

 

Blooms: Analyze
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-06
Lesson Objective: 16.1.4

 

  1. A condition is labeled as being congenital. What does this mean?
    A.The condition affects the reproductive organs of the child.
    B. The condition developed shortly after the child was born.
    C. The child was born with the condition.
    D. The condition developed as a result of an infection in the child after birth.
    E. The condition developed following head trauma in the child.

The word congenital means present at birth, either inherited or due to an event during gestation up to the moment of birth. The word breaks down into the suffix -al meaning pertaining to, the prefix con- meaning together, with, and the root -genit- meaning bring forth.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-01
Learning Outcome: 16-02
Lesson Objective: 16.1.4

 

 

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. Another name for far-sightedness is _________________________________.
    Hyperopia

Another name for far-sightedness is hyperopia. The word breaks down into the prefix hyper- meaning beyond and the root -opia meaning sight. A person who is far-sighted is able to see distant objects but unable to see close objects. Because the eyeball is shortened, objects close to the eye are focused behind the retina and vision is blurred. Convex lenses are needed to correct this problem.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 1-3 minutes
Learning Outcome: 16-07
Lesson Objective: 16.2.3

 

Multiple Choice Questions
 

  1. The function of the pupil is to
    A.protect the eye
    B. control the amount of light entering the eye
    C. bend the rays of light entering the eye
    D. lubricate the eyeball
    E. give the eye its color

The pupil controls the amount the light entering the eye. When you are in a dark place, the pupil opens (dilates) to allow more light to enter. When you are in bright light, the pupil closes (constricts) to admit less light.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-05
Lesson Objective: 16.2.1

 

 

  1. The Latin meaning of the word refraction is
    A.lentil shaped
    B. diaphragm of the eye
    C. break up
    D. band
    E. hard

Refraction is derived from the Latin meaning break up. Refraction means to make a change in the direction of, or bend, a ray of light.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-07
Lesson Objective: 16.2.1

 

  1. An incision in the cornea is referred to as a
    A.keratotomy
    B. keratectomy
    C. corneotomy
    D. cornectomy
    E. keratostomy

Keratotomy means incision in the cornea. The word breaks down into the suffix-tomymeaning surgical incision, and the root/combining form kerat/o- meaning cornea.

 

Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-09
Lesson Objective: 16.2.6

 

 

  1. Scratching the eye through a badly fitting contact lens can cause a condition known as
    A.uveitis
    B. conjunctivitis
    C. scleritis
    D. corneal abrasion
    E. iritis

A corneal abrasion can be caused by foreign bodies, by direct trauma, such as being poked in the eye by a fingernail, or by a badly fitting contact lens. The abrasion can grow into an ulcer. The word abrasion means an area of the skin or mucous membrane that has been scraped off. Abrasion is derived from the Latin meaning to scrape off.

 

Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-08
Lesson Objective: 16.2.2

 

  1. In the word papilledema, the suffix means
    A.swelling
    B. pimple
    C. condition of
    D. fixation
    E. stay in one place

The suffix in the word papilledema is -edema meaning swelling, and the root papill- means pimple. Papilledema refers to swelling of the optic disc in the retina. It is not a diagnosis but a sign of an underlying pathology seen on ophthalmoscopic examination.

 

Blooms: Analyze
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-08
Lesson Objective: 16.2.6

 

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. A type of cancer affecting the eye, and the most common one in children is called ____________________________.
    Retinoblastoma

Retinoblastoma is the most common cancer in children and is diagnosed most commonly around 18 months of age. Twenty percent have the cancer present in both eyes, and the condition can be hereditary. The word breaks down into the suffixes –oma meaning tumor, mass, and -blast meaning germ cell, and the root/combining form retin/o- meaning retina. The definition is a tumor of the germ cells of the retina.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 1-3 minutes
Learning Outcome: 16-08
Lesson Objective: 16.2.6

 

Multiple Choice Questions
 

  1. Which of the following tests is used to determine whether a person has color blindness?
    A.Snellen
    B. Ishihara
    C. Jaeger
    D. Peripheral vision
    E. Fluorescein

The Ishihara color system is a test for color vision defects.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-09
Lesson Objective: 16.2.6

 

 

 

 

  1. In the word leukocoria, what does the root/combining form mean?
    A.pupil
    B. condition
    C. cornea
    D. white
    E. pertaining to

The root/combining form in the word leukocoria is leuk/o- meaning white, the suffix –ia means condition, and the root cor- means pupil. Leukocoria refers to a reflection in the pupil of a white mass in the eye. It is often the first symptom of retinoblastoma.

 

Blooms: Analyze
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-08
Lesson Objective: 16.2.6

 

  1. The root in the word antipyretic means
    A.fever
    B. against
    C. pain
    D. pertaining to
    E. fire

The root in the word antipyretic is -pyret- which means fever, the suffix -ic means pertaining to, and the prefix anti- means against. An antipyretic, such as acetaminophen, is an agent that reduces fever.

 

Blooms: Analyze
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 16-01
Learning Outcome: 16-02
Lesson objective: 16.3.4

 

 

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. Another name for earwax is ______________________________.
    Cerumen

Cerumen is another name for earwax. Cerumen, which is derived from the Latin meaning wax, is a waxy secretion of ceruminous gland of the external ear. The cerumen and hairs growing in the meatus help to keep out foreign objects.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 1-3 minutes
Learning Outcome: 16-10
Lesson Objective: 16.3.1

  1. The tube that connects the middle ear to the nasopharynx is called the ______________________ tube.
    Eustachian

The eustachian tube, also called the auditory tube, connects the middle ear to the nasopharynx.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 1-3 minutes
Learning Outcome: 16-11
Lesson Objective: 16.3.1

 

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. The suffix in the word ossicle means
    A.bone
    B. condition
    C. small
    D. pertaining to
    E. growth

The suffix in the word ossicle is -cle meaning small, and the root/combining form oss/i- means bone. The definition is a small bone. An ossicle is a small bone, particularly relating to the three small bones in the ear (stapes, incus and malleus).

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 1-3 minutes
Learning Outcome: 16-11
Lesson Objective: 16.3.1

 

 

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