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Microbiology A Human Perspective 7th Edition Nester Anderson Roberts Test Bank

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Microbiology A Human Perspective 7th Edition Nester Anderson Roberts Test Bank

ISBN:0073375314

ISBN-13:9780073375311

 

 

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Microbiology A Human Perspective 7th Edition Nester Anderson Roberts Test Bank

ISBN:0073375314

ISBN-13:9780073375311

 

 

 

 

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Free Nursing Test Questions:

 

Ch05

 

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Lister developed his ideas on prevention of infection during medical procedures after studying the work of

A. Koch.

 

B. Pasteur.

 

C. Jenner.

 

D. Fleming.

 

2. One of the first chemicals used by Lister to prevent surgical infections was

A. alcohol.

 

B. iodine.

 

C. carbolic acid.

 

D. mercury.

 

3. The process of killing or removing all of the microorganisms in or on a material is termed

A. sterilization.

 

B. disinfection.

 

C. sanitation.

 

D. antisepsis.

 

4. A sterile item is free of

A. microbes.

 

B. endospores.

 

C. viruses.

 

D. prions.

 

E. microbes, endospores AND viruses.

 

5. A suffix used to describe a killing action would be

A. -static.

 

B. -cidal.

 

C. -cillin.

 

D. -tion.

 

6. Pasteurization

A. is the use of heat to sterilize food products.

 

B. is the use of heat to reduce numbers of pathogenic/spoilage bacteria in a food item to a safe level.

 

C. is a process which uses intense cold to kill microorganisms on foods.

 

D. is a process which uses short bursts of radiation to kill microorganisms on foods.

 

7. Plain soap is very effective in controlling spread of microorganisms because it is

A. bacteriostatic.

 

B. very effective at the mechanical removal of microorganisms.

 

C. virucidal.

 

D. bactericidal.

 

8. Nosocomial infections

A. are acquired at various social events.

 

B. are acquired while in the hospital.

 

C. occur because of a susceptible population and presence of disease causing organisms.

 

D. are acquired at sporting events.

 

E. are acquired while in the hospital AND occur because of a susceptible population and presence of disease causing organisms.

 

9. To reduce or eliminate disease/spoilage causing organisms, food is often subjected to

A. heat.

 

B. chemical additives.

 

C. radiation.

 

D. cold.

 

E. All of the choices are correct.

 

10. Which of the following organisms are resistant to destruction by typical control methods?

A. endospores of Bacillus and Clostridium

 

B. Pseudomonas

 

C. naked viruses

 

D. Mycobacterium spp.

 

E. All of the choices are correct.

 

11. A common environmental organism that may even grow in certain chemical disinfectants is

A. Escherichia coli.

 

B. Streptococcus pneumoniae.

 

C. Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

 

D. enveloped virus.

 

12. Upon treatment with heat or chemicals, bacteria will

A. all die immediately.

 

B. die at a constant proportion.

 

C. die at an exponential rate.

 

D. die at a geometric rate.

 

13. In a one D process, how many D values would it take to reduce a population of 1010 cells to one survivor?

A. 2

 

B. 4

 

C. 5

 

D. 10

 

14. If a process kills 90% of the organisms per minute, how many minutes would it take to kill all organisms when starting with 100,000 organisms?

A. 1 minute

 

B. 2 minutes

 

C. 3 minutes

 

D. 6 minutes

 

15. Microbial death rates may be affected by

A. pH.

 

B. temperature.

 

C. the presence of organics.

 

D. All of the choices are correct.

 

16. In order to speed up the sterilization process, which of the following would be useful?

A. drying the material

 

B. washing/mechanical removal of bacteria/organic matter

 

C. addition of organics

 

D. nothing

 

E. washing/mechanical removal of bacteria/organic matter AND addition of organics

 

17. Moist heat kills microorganisms by

A. irreversible coagulation of proteins.

 

B. destruction of carbohydrates in the cell wall.

 

C. denaturation of nucleic acids.

 

D. dissolving the capsule.

 

18. Boiling is not reliable for sterilization because

A. heat sensitive instruments may be destroyed.

 

B. heat resistant endospores are unaffected.

 

C. water boils at a higher temperature at lower altitudes.

 

D. viruses are more sensitive to heat than bacteria.

 

19. Typical conditions used for sterilization are

A. 100°C for 10 minutes.

 

B. 121°C at 15 psi for 15 minutes.

 

C. 80°C for 15 minutes.

 

D. 72°C for 15 seconds.

 

20. Which are essentially equivalent treatments?

A. dry 200°C heat for 1.5 hours; wet 121°C heat for 15 minutes

 

B. dry 160°C heat for 1.0 hour; wet 200°C heat for 30 minutes

 

C. dry 121°C heat for 1.5 hours; wet 200°C heat for 15 minutes

 

D. dry 100°C heat for 2.0 hours; wet 100°C heat for 30 minutes

 

21. Which of the following is not a sterilization method?

A. hot air oven

 

B. autoclave

 

C. pasteurization

 

D. filtration

 

22. Which of the following methods sterilize the materials?

A. Pasteurization

 

B. High-temperature-short-time pasteurization (HTST)

 

C. Ultrahigh-temperature (UHT) method

 

D. None of these are sterilization methods

 

23. The autoclave treatment may be monitored by

A. heat-sensitive tape.

 

B. heat-resistant endospores of Geobacillus stearothermophilus.

 

C. pressure indicators alone.

 

D. waiting for contaminants to appear on freshly poured media.

 

E. heat sensitive tape AND heat-resistant endospores of Geobacillus stearothermophilus.

 

24. Commercial canning processes

A. are geared to destroy Clostridium botulinum spores.

 

B. kill all endospores.

 

C. are especially needed on low acid foods.

 

D. are 12D processes (designed to kill 1012 endospores).

 

E. are geared to destroy Clostridium botulinum spores, are especially needed on low acid foods, AND are 12D (designed to kill 1012 endospores) processes.

 

25. Oxidation of proteins is achieved most readily

A. by moist heat.

 

B. by moist heat under pressure.

 

C. in a hot air oven.

 

D. in the presence of organics.

 

26. A common application of dry heat in the microbiology laboratory is to

A. prepare specimens for study.

 

B. sterilize media.

 

C. sterilize plastics.

 

D. sterilize the inoculating loop.

 

27. Liquid media containing heat-sensitive components would best be sterilized by

A. Ultraviolet (UV) light at 500 nm.

 

B. freezing.

 

C. lyophilization.

 

D. membrane filtration.

 

28. Generally, membrane filters are not used to remove

A. bacteria from liquids.

 

B. microorganisms from gases.

 

C. spoilage agents from alcoholic beverages.

 

D. enzymes.

 

29. Gamma rays cause biological damage in living systems by

A. producing reactive molecules such as superoxide and hydroxyl free radicals.

 

B. causing tiny gravity sinks and black holes to be formed in the substance.

 

C. introducing toxins.

 

D. making the substance radioactive.

 

30. Gamma irradiation

A. has not been approved for use on food.

 

B. can be used to either sterilize or pasteurize, depending on the dose of radiation.

 

C. leaves some radioactive particles in the treated substance.

 

D. usually kills by disrupting cell membranes.

 

31. Which would be most effective against Pseudomonas?

A. alcohol

 

B. radiation

 

C. quaternary ammonium compounds

 

D. iodophors

 

32. Ultraviolet radiation at the bactericidal wavelength destroy bacteria by

A. destroying endospores.

 

B. damaging nucleic acid.

 

C. preventing spore formation.

 

D. denaturing proteins.

 

33. Microwaves do not kill organisms directly but kill by

A. the heat they generate in a product.

 

B. generating free radicals.

 

C. generating toxins.

 

D. creating thymine dimers.

 

34. Chemical germicides

A. may react irreversibly with proteins/enzymes.

 

B. may react with cytoplasmic membranes or viral envelopes.

 

C. may be disinfecting or even sterilizing.

 

D. are sensitive to dilution factor, time of contact, and temperature of use.

 

E. All of the choices are true.

 

35. Alcohols are not reliably effective at destroying

A. vegetative bacteria.

 

B. enveloped viruses.

 

C. naked viruses.

 

D. endospores.

 

E. naked viruses AND endospores.

 

36. Glutaraldehyde

A. is, if given enough time, able to destroy all forms of microbial life.

 

B. is very good for use on heat-sensitive medical items.

 

C. attacks lipids.

 

D. does not affect naked viruses.

 

E. is, if given enough time, able to destroy all forms of microbial life AND is very good for use on heat-sensitive medical items.

 

37. Chlorhexidine

A. is a member of the biguanides.

 

B. is extensively used in antiseptics.

 

C. is ineffective against vegetative bacteria.

 

D. is limited in use due to its high toxicity.

 

E. is a member of the biguanides AND is extensively used in antiseptics.

 

38. Ethylene oxide is gas that

A. is very useful for sterilizing heat or moisture sensitive items.

 

B. is potentially carcinogenic.

 

C. is used as a 37% aqueous solution.

 

D. is effective against all microorganisms except endospores and viruses.

 

E. is very useful for sterilizing heat or moisture sensitive items AND is potentially carcinogenic.

 

39. Chlorine

A. readily reacts with organics to produce potentially carcinogenic trihalomethanes.

 

B. is an effective, inexpensive, disinfectant able to destroy all types of microorganisms.

 

C. is unaffected by the presence of organic material.

 

D. is ineffective when diluted.

 

E. readily reacts with organics to produce potentially carcinogenic trihalomethanes AND is an effective, inexpensive, disinfectant able to destroy all types of microorganisms.

 

40. Which is true of iodine?

A. It does not readily kill endospores.

 

B. It may be used as an antiseptic or as a disinfectant.

 

C. It is important to use it at the recommended dilution.

 

D. It is usually found as tinctures or iodophors.

 

E. All of the choices are true.

 

41. Which of the following is true of hydrogen peroxide?

A. It is a sterilant for inanimate objects and is quickly inactivated on living tissue.

 

B. It leaves a toxic residue.

 

C. It is broken down by catalase into water and oxygen.

 

D. It is even more effective when used in combination with peracetic acid.

 

E. It is a sterilant for inanimate objects and is quickly inactivated on living tissue; it is broken down by catalase into water and oxygen AND it is even more effective when used in combination with peracetic acid.

 

42. Phenolics

A. denature proteins and destroy cytoplasmic membranes.

 

B. remain effective in the presence of detergents or organic material.

 

C. such as triclosan, have been used widely in various lotions and soaps.

 

D. reliably inactivate all groups of viruses.

 

E. denature proteins and destroy cytoplasmic membranes, remain effective in the presence of detergents or organic material, AND phenolics such as triclosan, have been used widely in various lotions and soaps.

 

43. Hexachlorophene has been particularly effective against

A. Staphylococcus aureus.

 

B. Micrococcus aureus.

 

C. Escherichia coli.

 

D. Enterobacter aerogenes.

 

44. Quaternary ammonium compounds are

A. cationic detergents which help wash surfaces.

 

B. attracted to the negative charge on the microbial cell surface.

 

C. used as a 37% aqueous solution.

 

D. very effective against Pseudomonas.

 

E. cationic detergents which help wash surfaces AND attracted to the negative charge on the microbial cell surface.

 

45. The most important function of nitrites in processed foods is to

A. prevent browning.

 

B. inhibit the germination of Clostridium botulinum endospores.

 

C. prevent carcinogen formation.

 

D. make the food more acidic.

 

46. Which of the following is(are) considered when selecting a germicidal chemical?

A. toxicity

 

B. cost

 

C. compatibility with the material being treated

 

D. environmental impact

 

E. All of the choices are correct.

 

47. Silver sulfadiazine, a combination of silver and a sulfa drug, is used to

A. disinfect water for drinking.

 

B. prevent infection of surgical wounds.

 

C. prevent infection of second- and third-degree burns.

 

D. counteract lead poisoning.

 

E. treat bites from werewolves.

 

48. Compounds of tin, mercury, arsenic, and copper are no longer used to prevent microbial growth in cooling water primarily because

A. antibiotics are cheaper.

 

B. other chemicals were shown to be much more effective.

 

C. microbes developed resistance to these metals.

 

D. their use contributes to serious pollution of natural waters.

 

E. All of the choices are correct.

 

 

True / False Questions

49. Prions and viroids are easily destroyed by common sterilization procedures.

True    False

 

50. The endospores of Pseudomonas make that organism very difficult to kill.

True    False

 

51. Upon heat treatment, bacteria die at a constant proportion.

True    False

 

52. The more bacteria one starts with, the longer it will take to kill them all.

True    False

 

53. Heat treatment is an effective method for sterilization or disinfection of all materials.

True    False

 

54. Boiling is very effective at removing most common waterborne pathogens.

True    False

 

55. Pasteurization results in the sterilization of food products.

True    False

 

56. Dry heat takes a much shorter time to sterilize material than wet heat.

True    False

 

57. 100% ethanol is twice as effective as 60% ethanol at controlling bacteria.

True    False

 

58. Generally, heavy metals, except silver, have been proven to be too toxic for use on human tissue and are no longer used medically.

True    False

 

59. Hydrogen peroxide may be used as a sterilant on living tissue.

True    False

 

60. Cold and freezing are very effective in killing bacteria.

True    False

 

61. Organic acids, such as benzoic acid, are often added to foods to prevent microbial growth.

True    False

 

 

 

Ch05 Key
 

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Lister developed his ideas on prevention of infection during medical procedures after studying the work of

A. Koch.

 

B. Pasteur.

 

C. Jenner.

 

D. Fleming.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.01
Section: 05.01
Topic: History of Microbiology
 

 

2. One of the first chemicals used by Lister to prevent surgical infections was

A. alcohol.

 

B. iodine.

 

C. carbolic acid.

 

D. mercury.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.01
Section: 05.01
Topic: History of Microbiology
 

 

3. The process of killing or removing all of the microorganisms in or on a material is termed

A. sterilization.

 

B. disinfection.

 

C. sanitation.

 

D. antisepsis.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.01
Section: 05.01
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

4. A sterile item is free of

A. microbes.

 

B. endospores.

 

C. viruses.

 

D. prions.

 

E. microbes, endospores AND viruses.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.01
Section: 05.01
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

5. A suffix used to describe a killing action would be

A. -static.

 

B. -cidal.

 

C. -cillin.

 

D. -tion.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.01
Section: 05.01
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

6. Pasteurization

A. is the use of heat to sterilize food products.

 

B. is the use of heat to reduce numbers of pathogenic/spoilage bacteria in a food item to a safe level.

 

C. is a process which uses intense cold to kill microorganisms on foods.

 

D. is a process which uses short bursts of radiation to kill microorganisms on foods.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.01
Section: 05.01
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

7. Plain soap is very effective in controlling spread of microorganisms because it is

A. bacteriostatic.

 

B. very effective at the mechanical removal of microorganisms.

 

C. virucidal.

 

D. bactericidal.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.02
Section: 05.01
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

8. Nosocomial infections

A. are acquired at various social events.

 

B. are acquired while in the hospital.

 

C. occur because of a susceptible population and presence of disease causing organisms.

 

D. are acquired at sporting events.

 

E. are acquired while in the hospital AND occur because of a susceptible population and presence of disease causing organisms.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.02
Section: 05.01
Topic: Infection and Disease
 

 

9. To reduce or eliminate disease/spoilage causing organisms, food is often subjected to

A. heat.

 

B. chemical additives.

 

C. radiation.

 

D. cold.

 

E. All of the choices are correct.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.02
Section: 05.01
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

10. Which of the following organisms are resistant to destruction by typical control methods?

A. endospores of Bacillus and Clostridium

 

B. Pseudomonas

 

C. naked viruses

 

D. Mycobacterium spp.

 

E. All of the choices are correct.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.03
Section: 05.02
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

11. A common environmental organism that may even grow in certain chemical disinfectants is

A. Escherichia coli.

 

B. Streptococcus pneumoniae.

 

C. Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

 

D. enveloped virus.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.03
Section: 05.02
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

12. Upon treatment with heat or chemicals, bacteria will

A. all die immediately.

 

B. die at a constant proportion.

 

C. die at an exponential rate.

 

D. die at a geometric rate.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.03
Section: 05.02
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

13. In a one D process, how many D values would it take to reduce a population of 1010 cells to one survivor?

A. 2

 

B. 4

 

C. 5

 

D. 10

 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: 05.03
Section: 05.02
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

14. If a process kills 90% of the organisms per minute, how many minutes would it take to kill all organisms when starting with 100,000 organisms?

A. 1 minute

 

B. 2 minutes

 

C. 3 minutes

 

D. 6 minutes

 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: 05.03
Section: 05.02
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

15. Microbial death rates may be affected by

A. pH.

 

B. temperature.

 

C. the presence of organics.

 

D. All of the choices are correct.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.03
Section: 05.02
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

16. In order to speed up the sterilization process, which of the following would be useful?

A. drying the material

 

B. washing/mechanical removal of bacteria/organic matter

 

C. addition of organics

 

D. nothing

 

E. washing/mechanical removal of bacteria/organic matter AND addition of organics

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.03
Section: 05.02
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

17. Moist heat kills microorganisms by

A. irreversible coagulation of proteins.

 

B. destruction of carbohydrates in the cell wall.

 

C. denaturation of nucleic acids.

 

D. dissolving the capsule.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.04
Section: 05.03
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

18. Boiling is not reliable for sterilization because

A. heat sensitive instruments may be destroyed.

 

B. heat resistant endospores are unaffected.

 

C. water boils at a higher temperature at lower altitudes.

 

D. viruses are more sensitive to heat than bacteria.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.04
Section: 05.03
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

19. Typical conditions used for sterilization are

A. 100°C for 10 minutes.

 

B. 121°C at 15 psi for 15 minutes.

 

C. 80°C for 15 minutes.

 

D. 72°C for 15 seconds.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.04
Section: 05.03
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

20. Which are essentially equivalent treatments?

A. dry 200°C heat for 1.5 hours; wet 121°C heat for 15 minutes

 

B. dry 160°C heat for 1.0 hour; wet 200°C heat for 30 minutes

 

C. dry 121°C heat for 1.5 hours; wet 200°C heat for 15 minutes

 

D. dry 100°C heat for 2.0 hours; wet 100°C heat for 30 minutes

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.05
Section: 05.03
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

21. Which of the following is not a sterilization method?

A. hot air oven

 

B. autoclave

 

C. pasteurization

 

D. filtration

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.04
Section: 05.03
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

22. Which of the following methods sterilize the materials?

A. Pasteurization

 

B. High-temperature-short-time pasteurization (HTST)

 

C. Ultrahigh-temperature (UHT) method

 

D. None of these are sterilization methods

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.04
Section: 05.03
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

23. The autoclave treatment may be monitored by

A. heat-sensitive tape.

 

B. heat-resistant endospores of Geobacillus stearothermophilus.

 

C. pressure indicators alone.

 

D. waiting for contaminants to appear on freshly poured media.

 

E. heat sensitive tape AND heat-resistant endospores of Geobacillus stearothermophilus.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.04
Section: 05.03
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

24. Commercial canning processes

A. are geared to destroy Clostridium botulinum spores.

 

B. kill all endospores.

 

C. are especially needed on low acid foods.

 

D. are 12D processes (designed to kill 1012 endospores).

 

E. are geared to destroy Clostridium botulinum spores, are especially needed on low acid foods, AND are 12D (designed to kill 1012 endospores) processes.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.04
Section: 05.03
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

25. Oxidation of proteins is achieved most readily

A. by moist heat.

 

B. by moist heat under pressure.

 

C. in a hot air oven.

 

D. in the presence of organics.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.05
Section: 05.03
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

26. A common application of dry heat in the microbiology laboratory is to

A. prepare specimens for study.

 

B. sterilize media.

 

C. sterilize plastics.

 

D. sterilize the inoculating loop.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.05
Section: 05.03
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

27. Liquid media containing heat-sensitive components would best be sterilized by

A. Ultraviolet (UV) light at 500 nm.

 

B. freezing.

 

C. lyophilization.

 

D. membrane filtration.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.06
Section: 05.04
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

28. Generally, membrane filters are not used to remove

A. bacteria from liquids.

 

B. microorganisms from gases.

 

C. spoilage agents from alcoholic beverages.

 

D. enzymes.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.06
Section: 05.04
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

29. Gamma rays cause biological damage in living systems by

A. producing reactive molecules such as superoxide and hydroxyl free radicals.

 

B. causing tiny gravity sinks and black holes to be formed in the substance.

 

C. introducing toxins.

 

D. making the substance radioactive.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.07
Section: 05.04
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

30. Gamma irradiation

A. has not been approved for use on food.

 

B. can be used to either sterilize or pasteurize, depending on the dose of radiation.

 

C. leaves some radioactive particles in the treated substance.

 

D. usually kills by disrupting cell membranes.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.07
Section: 05.04
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

31. Which would be most effective against Pseudomonas?

A. alcohol

 

B. radiation

 

C. quaternary ammonium compounds

 

D. iodophors

 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: 05.07
Section: 05.04
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

32. Ultraviolet radiation at the bactericidal wavelength destroy bacteria by

A. destroying endospores.

 

B. damaging nucleic acid.

 

C. preventing spore formation.

 

D. denaturing proteins.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.07
Section: 05.04
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

33. Microwaves do not kill organisms directly but kill by

A. the heat they generate in a product.

 

B. generating free radicals.

 

C. generating toxins.

 

D. creating thymine dimers.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.07
Section: 05.04
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

34. Chemical germicides

A. may react irreversibly with proteins/enzymes.

 

B. may react with cytoplasmic membranes or viral envelopes.

 

C. may be disinfecting or even sterilizing.

 

D. are sensitive to dilution factor, time of contact, and temperature of use.

 

E. All of the choices are true.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.09
Section: 05.05
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

35. Alcohols are not reliably effective at destroying

A. vegetative bacteria.

 

B. enveloped viruses.

 

C. naked viruses.

 

D. endospores.

 

E. naked viruses AND endospores.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.10
Section: 05.05
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

36. Glutaraldehyde

A. is, if given enough time, able to destroy all forms of microbial life.

 

B. is very good for use on heat-sensitive medical items.

 

C. attacks lipids.

 

D. does not affect naked viruses.

 

E. is, if given enough time, able to destroy all forms of microbial life AND is very good for use on heat-sensitive medical items.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.10
Section: 05.05
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

37. Chlorhexidine

A. is a member of the biguanides.

 

B. is extensively used in antiseptics.

 

C. is ineffective against vegetative bacteria.

 

D. is limited in use due to its high toxicity.

 

E. is a member of the biguanides AND is extensively used in antiseptics.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.10
Section: 05.05
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

38. Ethylene oxide is gas that

A. is very useful for sterilizing heat or moisture sensitive items.

 

B. is potentially carcinogenic.

 

C. is used as a 37% aqueous solution.

 

D. is effective against all microorganisms except endospores and viruses.

 

E. is very useful for sterilizing heat or moisture sensitive items AND is potentially carcinogenic.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.10
Section: 05.05
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

39. Chlorine

A. readily reacts with organics to produce potentially carcinogenic trihalomethanes.

 

B. is an effective, inexpensive, disinfectant able to destroy all types of microorganisms.

 

C. is unaffected by the presence of organic material.

 

D. is ineffective when diluted.

 

E. readily reacts with organics to produce potentially carcinogenic trihalomethanes AND is an effective, inexpensive, disinfectant able to destroy all types of microorganisms.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.10
Section: 05.05
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

40. Which is true of iodine?

A. It does not readily kill endospores.

 

B. It may be used as an antiseptic or as a disinfectant.

 

C. It is important to use it at the recommended dilution.

 

D. It is usually found as tinctures or iodophors.

 

E. All of the choices are true.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.10
Section: 05.05
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

41. Which of the following is true of hydrogen peroxide?

A. It is a sterilant for inanimate objects and is quickly inactivated on living tissue.

 

B. It leaves a toxic residue.

 

C. It is broken down by catalase into water and oxygen.

 

D. It is even more effective when used in combination with peracetic acid.

 

E. It is a sterilant for inanimate objects and is quickly inactivated on living tissue; it is broken down by catalase into water and oxygen AND it is even more effective when used in combination with peracetic acid.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.10
Section: 05.05
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

42. Phenolics

A. denature proteins and destroy cytoplasmic membranes.

 

B. remain effective in the presence of detergents or organic material.

 

C. such as triclosan, have been used widely in various lotions and soaps.

 

D. reliably inactivate all groups of viruses.

 

E. denature proteins and destroy cytoplasmic membranes, remain effective in the presence of detergents or organic material, AND phenolics such as triclosan, have been used widely in various lotions and soaps.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.10
Section: 05.05
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

43. Hexachlorophene has been particularly effective against

A. Staphylococcus aureus.

 

B. Micrococcus aureus.

 

C. Escherichia coli.

 

D. Enterobacter aerogenes.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.10
Section: 05.05
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

44. Quaternary ammonium compounds are

A. cationic detergents which help wash surfaces.

 

B. attracted to the negative charge on the microbial cell surface.

 

C. used as a 37% aqueous solution.

 

D. very effective against Pseudomonas.

 

E. cationic detergents which help wash surfaces AND attracted to the negative charge on the microbial cell surface.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.10
Section: 05.05
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

45. The most important function of nitrites in processed foods is to

A. prevent browning.

 

B. inhibit the germination of Clostridium botulinum endospores.

 

C. prevent carcinogen formation.

 

D. make the food more acidic.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.11
Section: 05.05
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

46. Which of the following is(are) considered when selecting a germicidal chemical?

A. toxicity

 

B. cost

 

C. compatibility with the material being treated

 

D. environmental impact

 

E. All of the choices are correct.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.09
Section: 05.05
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

47. Silver sulfadiazine, a combination of silver and a sulfa drug, is used to

A. disinfect water for drinking.

 

B. prevent infection of surgical wounds.

 

C. prevent infection of second- and third-degree burns.

 

D. counteract lead poisoning.

 

E. treat bites from werewolves.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.10
Section: 05.05
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

48. Compounds of tin, mercury, arsenic, and copper are no longer used to prevent microbial growth in cooling water primarily because

A. antibiotics are cheaper.

 

B. other chemicals were shown to be much more effective.

 

C. microbes developed resistance to these metals.

 

D. their use contributes to serious pollution of natural waters.

 

E. All of the choices are correct.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.10
Section: 05.05
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

True / False Questions

49. Prions and viroids are easily destroyed by common sterilization procedures.

FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.03
Section: 05.02
Topic: Infection and Disease
 

 

50. The endospores of Pseudomonas make that organism very difficult to kill.

FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.02
Section: 05.02
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

51. Upon heat treatment, bacteria die at a constant proportion.

TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.04
Section: 05.03
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

52. The more bacteria one starts with, the longer it will take to kill them all.

TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.03
Section: 05.02
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

53. Heat treatment is an effective method for sterilization or disinfection of all materials.

FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.03
Section: 05.03
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

54. Boiling is very effective at removing most common waterborne pathogens.

TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.04
Section: 05.03
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

55. Pasteurization results in the sterilization of food products.

FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.04
Section: 05.03
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

56. Dry heat takes a much shorter time to sterilize material than wet heat.

FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.05
Section: 05.03
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

57. 100% ethanol is twice as effective as 60% ethanol at controlling bacteria.

FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.10
Section: 05.05
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

58. Generally, heavy metals, except silver, have been proven to be too toxic for use on human tissue and are no longer used medically.

TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.10
Section: 05.05
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

59. Hydrogen peroxide may be used as a sterilant on living tissue.

FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.10
Section: 05.05
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

60. Cold and freezing are very effective in killing bacteria.

FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.11
Section: 05.06
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

61. Organic acids, such as benzoic acid, are often added to foods to prevent microbial growth.

TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.11
Section: 05.06
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth
 

 

 

Ch05 Summary

Category # of Questions
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember 19
Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand 39
Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply 3
Learning Outcome: 05.01 6
Learning Outcome: 05.02 4
Learning Outcome: 05.03 10
Learning Outcome: 05.04 10
Learning Outcome: 05.05 4
Learning Outcome: 05.06 2
Learning Outcome: 05.07 5
Learning Outcome: 05.09 2
Learning Outcome: 05.10 15
Learning Outcome: 05.11 3
Section: 05.01 9
Section: 05.02 10
Section: 05.03 15
Section: 05.04 7
Section: 05.05 18
Section: 05.06 2
Topic: Control of Microbial Growth 57
Topic: History of Microbiology 2
Topic: Infection and Disease 2

 

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