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Mosbys Essentials for Nursing Assistants 5th Edition Test Bank

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Mosbys Essentials for Nursing Assistants 5th Edition Test Bank

ISBN-13: 978-0323113175

ISBN-10: 0323113176

 

 

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Mosbys Essentials for Nursing Assistants 5th Edition Test Bank

ISBN-13: 978-0323113175

ISBN-10: 0323113176

 

 

 

 

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Free Nursing Test Questions:

 

Chapter 31: Assisting With Emergency Care

Test Bank

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

 

  1. A life-threatening sensitivity to an antigen is
a. A seizure c. Anaphylaxis
b. Respiratory arrest d. Cardiac arrest

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 492

 

  1. What happens with sudden cardiac arrest?
a. There are violent and sudden contractions or tremors of muscles.
b. The heart stops suddenly and without warning.
c. Organs and tissues do not get enough blood.
d. There is excessive blood loss in a short time.

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 484

 

  1. Another term for convulsion is
a. Shock c. Seizure
b. Stroke d. Fainting

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 493

 

  1. Emergency care given to an ill or injured person before medical help arrives is
a. First aid c. Chain of Survival
b. Basic Life Support d. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 483

 

  1. Fainting is
a. When the heart stops without warning
b. The sudden loss of consciousness from an inadequate blood supply to the brain
c. The excessive loss of blood in a short time
d. A condition that results when tissues do not get enough blood

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 492

 

  1. Hemorrhage is
a. When the heart stops without warning
b. The sudden loss of consciousness from an inadequate blood supply to the brain
c. The excessive loss of blood in a short time
d. A condition that results when organs and tissues do not get enough blood

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 491

 

  1. Breathing stops but heart action continues for several minutes. This is
a. Stroke c. Cardiac arrest
b. Respiratory arrest d. Shock

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 484

 

  1. A seizure is
a. Violent and sudden contractions or tremors of muscle groups
b. The excessive loss of blood in a short time
c. The sudden loss of consciousness
d. The same as a stroke

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 493

 

  1. Shock results when
a. The heart and breathing stop without warning
b. Breathing stops but heart action continues for several minutes
c. Muscles groups contract violently
d. Organs and tissues do not get enough blood

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 492

 

  1. Emergencies occur
a. In hospital emergency rooms c. In medical centers
b. In nursing centers d. Anywhere

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 483

 

  1. The goals of first aid are to
a. Prevent death and prevent injuries from becoming worse
b. Maintain an open airway and give rescue breathing
c. Activate the Emergency Medical Services system (EMS) and keep the person warm
d. Provide early CPR and early defibrillation

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 483

 

  1. The EMS system is activated by
a. Dialing 911 c. Giving rescue breathing
b. Calling the victim’s family member d. Starting CPR

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 483

 

  1. In hospitals, the goal of the Rapid Response Team (RRT) is to
a. Perform CPR c. Prevent death
b. Call 911 d. Start rescue breathing

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 483

 

  1. You have activated the EMS system. When should you hang up the phone?
a. After telling what happened c. After telling how many people need help
b. After giving your location d. After the operator hangs up

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 483

 

  1. You find a victim lying on his right side. The person is breathing and has a pulse. However, he is bleeding from his right leg. You should do the following except
a. Cover him with something warm c. Try to control the bleeding
b. Give him fluids d. Try to keep bystanders away

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 491

 

  1. Chain of Survival actions are taken for the following except
a. Heart attack c. Choking
b. Stroke d. Fainting

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 484

 

  1. Chain of Survival actions for adults are
a. Early abdominal thrusts, early CPR, early defibrillation, and early access to emergency cardiovascular care
b. Early first aid, early abdominal thrusts, early CPR, and early defibrillation
c. Early CPR, early defibrillation,  early advanced care, and organized post–cardiac arrest care
d. Early CPR, and early transport to a hospital emergency room

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 484

 

  1. A person is in sudden cardiac arrest. Which statement is incorrect?
a. Brain and organ damage will occur within minutes.
b. Unless breathing and circulation are restored, permanent brain damage occurs.
c. Unless normal heart rhythm is restored, the person will die.
d. Abdominal thrusts are needed.

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 484

 

  1. Which is not a major sign of sudden cardiac arrest?
a. No response c. No pulse
b. No breathing d. Low blood pressure

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 484

 

  1. A person is in respiratory arrest. What will happen if breathing is not restored?
a. Cardiac arrest will occur. c. The person will have a stroke.
b. The person will have a seizure. d. The person will go into shock.

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 484

 

  1. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
a. Supports breathing and circulation c. Controls bleeding and prevents shock
b. Prevents ventricular fibrillation d. Prevents injuries from becoming worse

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 485

 

  1. What are the basic parts of CPR?
a. Circulation, pulse, blood pressure, and respiration
b. Airway, breathing, chest compressions, and defibrillation
c. Temperature, pulse, circulation, and respiration
d. Compressions, early Automated External Defibrillator (AED), and early advanced care

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 485

 

  1. What is a common cause of airway obstruction during cardiac arrest?
a. The tongue falling toward the back of the throat
b. Loose dentures
c. Poorly chewed meat
d. Shock

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 486

 

  1. What is used to open the airway during cardiac arrest?
a. Defibrillation c. The tongue-jaw lift maneuver
b. The head tilt-chin lift method d. The finger sweep maneuver

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 486

 

  1. A person is in cardiac arrest. After receiving no response from the person, which of the following should you do?
a. Give 2 rescue breaths. c. Check for breathing.
b. Check for a pulse. d. Position the person supine.

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 483

 

  1. A person is in cardiac arrest. Adequate breathing is determined by the following except
a. Counting respirations for 30 seconds
b. Looking to see if the chest rises and falls
c. Listening for the escape of air when the person exhales
d. Feeling for the flow of air on your cheek

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 488

 

  1. You need to give mouth-to-mouth breathing. Which is incorrect?
a. Contact with blood, body fluids, secretions, and excretions is likely.
b. Pinch the person’s nostrils shut.
c. Place your mouth tightly over the person’s mouth.
d. Remove your mouth from the person’s mouth after giving 2 rescue

breaths.

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 487

 

  1. Which type of rescue breathing is used whenever possible?
a. Mouth-to-mouth
b. Mouth-to-nose
c. Mouth-to-barrier device
d. The type the rescuer is most comfortable using

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 487

 

  1. You need to start CPR. Which is correct?
a. 1 rescue breath is given after every 5 chest compressions
b. 1 rescue breath is given after every 10 chest compressions
c. 2 rescue breaths are given after every 15 chest compressions
d. 2 rescue breaths are given after every 30 chest compressions

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 488

 

  1. Before starting chest compressions, you need to check for a pulse. Which pulse site should you use?
a. The radial pulse c. The carotid pulse
b. The apical pulse d. The femoral pulse

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 485

 

  1. For effective chest compressions, the person must be positioned
a. In the recovery position on the floor
b. In Fowler’s position
c. In the supine position on a hard, flat surface
d. In the semi-Fowler’s position on a firm mattress

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 485

 

  1. To give effective chest compressions to an adult, which of the following should you do?
a. Give abdominal thrusts above the navel.
b. Depress the sternum at least 2 inches.
c. Depress the lower end of the sternum about 1 inch.
d. Make a fist with one hand.

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 485

 

  1. How many chest compressions are given to adults in 1 minute?
a. 5 c. 80
b. 15 d. 100

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 486

 

  1. You should start CPR only if the person
a. Has had a heart attack
b. Is not responding, is not breathing, and has no pulse
c. Consents
d. Has a chance of recovery

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 488

 

  1. Never practice CPR on another person.
a. True b. False

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 489

 

  1. You are performing 2-rescuer CPR. How many compressions are given per minute?
a. 5 c. 80
b. 15 d. 100

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 489

 

  1. After starting CPR, a person is breathing and has a pulse, but is not responding. What should you do?
a. Continue CPR until medical help arrives.
b. Continue rescue breathing.
c. Position the person in the recovery position.
d. Measure the person’s blood pressure.

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 491

 

  1. A defibrillator is
a. Used to deliver a shock to the heart when a person is in ventricular fibrillation
b. Used to give rescue breathing
c. A device used for CPR and only available in hospitals
d. Used to start ventricular fibrillation

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 487

 

  1. Defibrillation as soon as possible after onset of ventricular fibrillation increases the person’s chance of survival.
a. True b. False

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 487

 

  1. The recovery position is
a. The prone position c. Fowler’s position
b. The supine position d. A side-lying position

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 491

 

  1. What is the purpose of the recovery position?
a. It helps the person wake up. c. It prevents pressure ulcers.
b. It keeps the airway open. d. It promotes good alignment.

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 491

 

  1. The recovery position is not used for persons with neck injuries.
a. True b. False

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 491

 

  1. Which statement about hemorrhage is incorrect?
a. Internal hemorrhage can be seen.
b. Bleeding from an artery occurs in spurts.
c. To stop external bleeding, apply direct pressure to the bleeding site.
d. The EMS system must be activated.

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 491

 

  1. A person has external bleeding. Direct pressure does not stop the bleeding. What should you do?
a. Place a sterile dressing over the bleeding site.
b. Start CPR.
c. Apply pressure above the bleeding site.
d. Apply pressure below the bleeding site.

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 491

 

  1. To control external bleeding, do the following except
a. Remove any object that may have pierced the person
b. Elevate the affected part
c. Place a sterile dressing or clean material over the wound
d. Apply pressure directly over the bleeding site

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 491

 

  1. Which is not a sign or symptom of anaphylaxis?
a. Sweating c. High blood pressure
b. Shortness of breath d. Irregular pulse

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 492

 

  1. The person in shock has the following except
a. Falling blood pressure c. Dry, red skin
b. Rapid, weak pulse d. Restlessness and confusion

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 492

 

  1. A person is in shock. Do the following except
a. Keep the person lying down c. Keep the person warm
b. Keep the airway open d. Give the person fluids

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 492

 

  1. Seizures are caused by
a. Shock c. Cardiac arrest
b. An abnormality in the brain d. Uncontrolled bleeding

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 493

 

  1. During a partial seizure
a. The person loses consciousness c. A body part may jerk
b. All muscles contract at once d. Incontinence occurs

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 493

 

  1. Which statement about generalized seizures is incorrect?
a. The body is rigid because all muscles contract at once.
b. Jerking and twitching movements occur.
c. Urinary and fecal incontinence may occur.
d. First aid can stop the seizure.

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 493

 

  1. A person is having a seizure. Which is incorrect?
a. Protect the person’s head.
b. Position the person supine.
c. Loosen tight clothing and jewelry.
d. Move furniture, equipment, and sharp objects away from the person.

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 493

 

  1. A person is having a seizure. Which is correct?
a. Restrain the person’s movements.
b. Offer fluids.
c. Put your fingers between the person’s teeth.
d. Stay with the person.

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 493

 

  1. A person fainted. Which measure is correct?
a. Have the person sit or lie down. c. Start CPR.
b. Raise the person’s legs. d. Give rescue breaths.

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 492

 

  1. A person fainted. Do the following except
a. Loosen tight clothing
b. Raise the persons legs
c. Have the person walk around to stimulate circulation
d. After recovery from fainting, assist the person to a sitting position

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 492

 

  1. Basic emergency care for a stroke includes the following except
a. Positioning the person on the unaffected side
b. Raising the person’s head without flexing the neck
c. Loosening tight clothing
d. Keeping the person quiet and warm

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 493

 

  1. Burns to the eyes and face are more serious than burns to the arm or leg.
a. True b. False

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 494

 

  1. The person has the right to refuse care during an emergency.
a. True b. False

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   p. 494

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