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Sterns Introductory Plant Biology 12th Edition Bidlack Jansky Test Bank

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Sterns Introductory Plant Biology 12th Edition Bidlack Jansky Test Bank

 

  • ISBN-10:0073040525
  • ISBN-13:978-0073040523

 

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Sterns Introductory Plant Biology 12th Edition Bidlack Jansky Test Bank

 

  • ISBN-10:0073040525
  • ISBN-13:978-0073040523

 

 

 

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Chapter 19

Kingdom Fungi
 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. True fungi differ from slime molds in
    A.producing spores.
    B. having chitin in their cell walls.
    C. having forms without cell walls between their nuclei.
    D. having forms with motile reproductive cells.
    E. having sexual reproduction.

 

Stern – 019 Chapter… #1
 

  1.  Which of the following groups of fungi and fungi-like organisms do NOT have chitin in the cell walls?
    A. bread molds
    B.  cup fungi
    C.  club fungi
    D.  water molds
    E.  imperfect fungi

 

  1. A mass of interconnected hyphae is called a
    A.plasmodium.
    B. thallus.
    C. mycelium.
    D. capillitium.
    E. coenocyte.

 

Stern – 019 Chapter… #6
 

 

  1. Filaments of fungi are woven together in a tangled mass called a
    A.hypha.
    B. mycelium.
    C. reproductive body.
    D. lichen.
    E. budding body.

 

Stern – 019 Chapter… #33
 

  1. These are heterotrophs which have a cell wall polysaccharide called chitin.
    A.fungi
    B. protists
    C. monerans
    D. plants
    E. algae

 

Stern – 019 Chapter… #37
 

  1. _________________ are being investigated for their potential to help clean up oil spills along beaches and in marine waters.
    A. Diatoms
    B.  Water molds
    C.  Lichens
    D.  Fungi
    E.  Bread mold

 

  1. Common names for different fungi include which of the following?
    A. rusts
    B.  mildews
    C.  smuts
    D.  stinkhorns
    E.  All of the above refer to groups of fungi.

 

 

  1. Common names such as smut, rust and mildew reflect the role of many fungi as _____________.
    A. pathogens
    B.  parasites
    C.  food spoilage
    D.  destructive agents
    E.  All of the above

 

  1. Biologists who study fungi are ______________________.
    A. phycologists
    B.  physiologists
    C.  mycologists
    D.  ecologists
    E.  microbiologists

 

  1. Human consumers of fungi are known as
    A.mycophagists.
    B. microbiologists.
    C. misanthropists.
    D. mycologists.
    E. fungophiles.

 

Stern – 019 Chapter… #12
 

  1. One group of fungi implicated in the worldwide decline of amphibians, particularly frogs, is the _______.
    A. chytrids
    B.  bread molds
    C.  yeasts
    D.   morels
    E.  water molds

 

 

  1. Fungi were first classified as plants, then moved to Kingdom _____________ before being placed in the Kingdom Fungi.
    A. Animalia
    B.  Archaea
    C.  Bacteria (Monera)
    D.  Plantae
    E.  Protista

 

  1. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of organisms in Kingdom Fungi?
    A. the fungal body is formed of tubular threads called hyphae
    B.  produce chlorophyll and function as autotrophs
    C.  excrete digestive enzymes and absorb simple organic nutrients
    D.  generally lack motile (flagellated) cells
    E.  cell walls of chitin

 

  1. Bread molds and water molds have the following feature that sets them apart from other groups of fungi.
    A.asexual spores
    B. coenocytic hyphae
    C. sexual reproduction
    D. conidia
    E. no members of any particular economic importance

 

Stern – 019 Chapter… #7
 

  1. Sufu and tempeh are made by inoculating soybeans with a
    A.cup (sac) fungus.
    B. club fungus.
    C. imperfect fungus.
    D. coenocytic fungus.
    E. bread mold.

 

Stern – 019 Chapter… #19
 

 

  1. The characteristic reproductive structure produced by fungi in the phylum __________, the coenocytic true fungi, is the ______________.
    A. Ascomycota; zygosporangium
    B.  Zygomycota; zygosporangium
    C.  Basidiomycota; ascospore
    D.  Deuteromycota; basidiospore
    E.  Chytridiomycota; ascoma

 

  1. The dung-inhabiting Pilobolus fungus is __________, and can catapult sporangia up to 8 meters (26 feet) away from the from the dung pile where they are growing.
    A. moisture sensitive
    B.  temperature sensitive
    C.  sensitive to grazing animals
    D.  light sensitive
    E.  dangerous

 

  1. Which of the following pairs of diseases is associated with cup (sac) fungi?
    A.peach leaf curl, chestnut blight
    B. white pine blister rust, black stem rust of wheat
    C. downy mildew, molds of fish
    D. aspergilloses, white piedra
    E. late blight of potato, black bread mold

 

Stern – 019 Chapter… #3
 

  1. Which of the following useful products is NOT associated with cup (sac) fungi?
    A.ethyl alcohol
    B. yeasts
    C. vitamins
    D. common edible mushrooms
    E. truffles

 

Stern – 019 Chapter… #4
 

 

  1. Monokaryotic and dikaryotic mycelia would be found in
    A.morels.
    B. athlete’s foot fungus.
    C. yeasts.
    D. black bread molds.
    E. puffballs.

 

Stern – 019 Chapter… #9
 

  1. Yeasts are a source of which of the following?
    A.ingredients for explosives
    B. medicinal drugs
    C. high protein cattle feed
    D. B vitamins
    E. All of these answers are correct.

 

Stern – 019 Chapter… #21
 

  1. _______________________ are two edible fungi that are the fruiting bodies of sac fungi which are prized by gourmets around the world.
    A. Yeast and ergot
    B.  Corn smut and Amanita
    C.  Pilobolus and puffballs
    D.  Bracket fungus and earth stars
    E.  Truffles and morels

 

  1. Two parasitic fungal diseases classified in the Ascomycota that have completely changed the urban landscape and deciduous forests in eastern North America are __________________.
    A. ergot and bracket fungi
    B.  downy mildew and corn blight
    C.  Dutch elm disease and Chestnut blight
    D.  wheat rust and fire blight
    E.  None of the above

 

 

  1. The common name of ______________, for Phylum Basidiomycota, refers to the form of their reproductive structures.
    A. Club fungi
    B.  water molds
    C.  bread molds
    D.  Sac fungi
    E.  Imperfect fungi

 

  1. Mushrooms and toadstools are reproductive structures characteristic of Phylum __________.
    A. Zygomycota
    B.  Basidiomycota
    C.  Deuteromycota
    D.  Chytridiomycota
    E.  Ascomycota

 

  1. Which of the following pairs of fungi belongs to the imperfect fungi (Division Eumycophyta, Class Fungi Imperfecti)?
    A.ringworm fungi, athlete’s foot fungi
    B. stinkhorns, puffballs
    C. molds of fish, Pilobolus
    D. morels, truffles
    E. rusts, smuts

 

Stern – 019 Chapter… #2
 

  1. Upright hyphae that produce sporangia at their tips are known as
    A.asci.
    B. basidia.
    C. zygospores.
    D. columellae.
    E. sporangiophores.

 

Stern – 019 Chapter… #16
 

 

  1. Which of the following is a fungal protuberance that penetrates another organism’s cells and aids in digestion of the penetrated cells?
    A.vegetative hypha
    B. progametangium
    C. enzymatic hypha
    D. haustorium
    E. None of these answers are correct.

 

Stern – 019 Chapter… #17
 

  1. Truffles are the reproductive bodies of
    A.cup (sac) fungi.
    B. club fungi.
    C. imperfect fungi.
    D. coenocytic fungi.
    E. water molds.

 

Stern – 019 Chapter… #18
 

  1. Hyphae at the tips of which spores are produced externally (as opposed to within a sporangium) are called
    A.sporangiophores.
    B. conidiophores.
    C. gametophores.
    D. progametangia.
    E. pseudophores.

 

Stern – 019 Chapter… #20
 

  1. Stinkhorns belong to the
    A.imperfect fungi.
    B. cup (sac) fungi.
    C. club fungi.
    D. coenocytic fungi.
    E. water molds.

 

Stern – 019 Chapter… #22
 

 

  1. The little bypass loops on the sides of dikaryotic hyphae are
    A.sexually reproductive hyphae.
    B. evidence the fungus is being parasitized.
    C. developing sporangia.
    D. clamp connections.
    E. asexually reproductive hyphae.

 

Stern – 019 Chapter… #23
 

  1. A ringlike membrane on the stalk of a mushroom is called a/an
    A.annulus.
    B. veil.
    C. peripheral mycelium.
    D. volva.
    E. gill.

 

Stern – 019 Chapter… #24
 

  1. The tiny pegs on which basidiospores are produced are
    A.gills.
    B. sterigmata.
    C. asci.
    D. suspensors.
    E. rhizoids.

 

Stern – 019 Chapter… #25
 

  1. Except for a ring of appendages, earth stars resemble
    A.common mushrooms.
    B. slime molds.
    C. bird’s-nest fungi.
    D. puffballs.
    E. shelf or bracket fungi.

 

Stern – 019 Chapter… #26
 

 

  1. The only known antidote for poisoning from death angel and similar mushrooms is
    A. penicillin.
    B.  egg white.
    C.  extracts of milk thistle (silibinin and silymarin)
    D.  lentinacin.
    E.  interferon.

 

Stern – 019 Chapter… #27
 

  1. Mushrooms that are reported to have more than twice the nutritional value of common edible mushrooms are
    A.morels.
    B. Black Forest (Shiitake) mushrooms.
    C. truffles.
    D. false morels.
    E. puffballs.

 

Stern – 019 Chapter… #28
 

  1. A fungus closely related to Penicillium and used to make soy sauce (shoyu) is
    A.Aspergillus.
    B. Rhizopus.
    C. Pilobolus.
    D. Agaricus campestris.
    E. Physcia.

 

Stern – 019 Chapter… #29
 

  1. In mushrooms, meiosis takes place in this structure.
    A.ascus
    B. basidium
    C. sporangium
    D. hyphae
    E. underground mycelium

 

Stern – 019 Chapter… #32
 

 

  1. In mushrooms, mitosis takes place in this structure.
    A.ascus
    B. basidium
    C. sporangium
    D. hyphae
    E. all of these answers are correct

 

Stern – 019 Chapter… #38
 

  1. Penicillium mold growing on an agar plate inhibited the growth of Staphylococcus bacteria and led to the concept of
    A. symbiosis.
    B.  conjugation.
    C.  antibiotics for bacterial control.
    D.  germ theory of disease.
    E.  sexual reproduction in fungi.

 

Stern – 019 Chapter… #34
 

  1. Rusts, smuts, and mushrooms all belong to this group.
    A.Deuteromycetes
    B. Basidiomycetes
    C. Ascomycetes
    D. Zygomycetes
    E. none of these answers are correct

 

Stern – 019 Chapter… #35
 

  1. Which of the following was the first antibiotic isolated from a fungus?
    A.streptomycin
    B. cyclosporine
    C. tetracycline
    D. actinomycin
    E. penicillin

 

Stern – 019 Chapter… #36
 

 

  1. Rhizines are often present in which of the following lichen thallus layers?
    A.upper cortex
    B. medulla
    C. algal layer
    D. lower cortex
    E. All of these answers are correct.

 

Stern – 019 Chapter… #30
 

  1. Lichens
    A.are a form of moss.
    B. usually grow very rapidly.
    C. are chiefly confined to wet or permanently damp areas.
    D. do not reproduce asexually.
    E. occur in a variety of colors and forms.

 

Stern – 019 Chapter… #5
 

  1. One reason lichens may live for hundreds of years is that
    A.they reproduce by spores.
    B. they are completely independent of photosynthesis for their nutrition.
    C. they have in their thalli gelatinous substances that aid in resisting drying.
    D. they are able to parasitize trees and other plants.
    E. they occur in a wide variety of forms.

 

Stern – 019 Chapter… #10
 

 

True / False Questions

  1. Stinkhorns and puffballs are examples of cup (sac) fungi.
    FALSE

 

Stern – 019 Chapter… #39
 

 

  1. In black bread molds, the spores are produced at the tips of upright hyphae.
    FALSE

 

Stern – 019 Chapter… #40
 

  1. The horse dung fungus, Pilobolus, and black bread molds have coenocytic hyphae.
    TRUE

 

Stern – 019 Chapter… #41
 

  1. Penicillin is produced by a bread mold.
    FALSE

 

Stern – 019 Chapter… #42
 

  1. Nearly all fungi have boxlike cells in their hyphae.
    FALSE

 

Stern – 019 Chapter… #43
 

  1. All fungi reproduce sexually.
    FALSE

 

Stern – 019 Chapter… #44
 

  1. LSD is associated with ergot of rye.
    TRUE

 

Stern – 019 Chapter… #45
 

 

  1. Bird’s-nest fungi resemble tiny birds’ nests.
    TRUE

 

Stern – 019 Chapter… #46
 

  1. Fruticose lichens mostly resemble small fruits.
    FALSE

 

Stern – 019 Chapter… #47
 

  1. Bread molds absorb most of their food in solution.
    TRUE

 

Stern – 019 Chapter… #48
 

  1. Many chytrids reproduce only asexually.
    TRUE

 

Stern – 019 Chapter… #49
 

  1. Tempeh and sufu are two edible products produced with the aid of club fungi.
    FALSE

 

Stern – 019 Chapter… #50
 

  1. Yeasts reproduce primarily by means of spores produced within basidia.
    FALSE

 

Stern – 019 Chapter… #51
 

 

  1. Rusts produce their spores along platelike gills.
    FALSE

 

Stern – 019 Chapter… #52
 

  1. The thalli of fruticose lichens generally lie flat on the substrate.
    FALSE

 

Stern – 019 Chapter… #53
 

  1. Morels and truffles are poisonous mushrooms.
    FALSE

 

Stern – 019 Chapter… #54
 

  1. Yeasts are multicellular fungi that are important in the brewing and baking industries.
    FALSE

 

Stern – 019 Chapter… #55
 

  1. A large group of plant parasites belong to the Sac Fungi.
    TRUE

 

Stern – 019 Chapter… #56
 

  1. The Imperfect Fungi are so-called because they have no known sexual stage of the life cycle.
    TRUE

 

Stern – 019 Chapter… #57
 

 

  1. Lichens feature a symbiosis between a fungus and a red algal species.
    FALSE

 

Stern – 019 Chapter… #58
 

  1. Each species of lichen has its own species of fungus.
    TRUE

 

Stern – 019 Chapter… #59
 

 

 

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