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The United States Health Care System 2nd Edition Austin Wetle Test Bank

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The United States Health Care System 2nd Edition Austin Wetle Test Bank

ISBN-13: 978-0131391567

ISBN-10: 0131391569

 

Description

The United States Health Care System 2nd Edition Austin Wetle Test Bank

ISBN-13: 978-0131391567

ISBN-10: 0131391569

 

 

 

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Free Nursing Test Questions:

Chapter Ten

MULTIPLE CHOICE

1)         Which of these resulted in an identified need for public health agencies?

  1. A) The World Health Organization
  2. B) The Philadelphia epidemic
  3. C) Report of the Sanitary Commission of Massachusetts
  4. D) Act for the Relief of Sick and Disabled Seamen

2)         The Act for the Relief of Sick and Disabled Seamen:

  1. A) established the Massachusetts public health agency.
  2. B) required the quarantine of sailors with a contagious disease.
  3. C) provided funds for the Report of the Sanitary Commission of Mas
  4. D) taxed the salaries of sailors.

3)         The Act for the Relief of Sick and Disabled Seamen also resulted in the:

  1. A) creation of a public health lab in every state.
  2. B) S. Public Health Service.
  3. C) creation of the Institute of Medicine.
  4. D) creation of a health department in every state.

4)         Epidemiology is:

  1. A) the study of the history of a
  2. B) determining if there is more or less of a disease than in the past.
  3. C) the continuous search for and documentation of disease.
  4. D) the study of skin diseases and disorders.

5)         Surveillance is:

  1. A) the study of the history of a disease.
  2. B) determining if there is more or less of a disease than in the past.
  3. C) the continuous search for and documentation of disease.
  4. D) the study of skin diseases and disorder

6)         Monitoring is:

  1. A) the study of the history of a disease.
  2. B) determining if there is more or less of a disease than in the past.
  3. C) the study of skin diseases and disorders.
  4. D) the continuous search for and documentation of disease.

7)         This area of public health collects data on the number of sexually transmitted diseases.

  1. A) Surveillance
  2. B) Monitoring
  3. C) Epidemiology
  4. D) Reporting

8)         100 new cases of cardiovascular disease is a(n) _______________ measure.

  1. A) mortality
  2. B) incidence
  3. C) prevalence
  4. D) risks

9)         100,000 total cases of cardiovascular disease is a(n) _______________ measure.

  1. A) prevalence
  2. B) incidence
  3. C) risks
  4. D) mortality

10)       20 people died from cardiovascular disease this year is a(n) _______________ measure.

  1. A) mortality
  2. B) incidence
  3. C) prevalence
  4. D) risks

11)       Connecting family history, high-fat diet, and smoking to cardiovascular disease is a(n) _______________ measure.

  1. A) mortality
  2. B) incidence
  3. C) prevalence
  4. D) risks

12)       The principal agency responsible for protecting the nation’s health is the:

  1. A) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
  2. B) Food and Drug Administration.
  3. C) Department of Health and Human Services.
  4. D) Health Resources and Services Administration.

13)       This agency maintains national health statistics.

  1. A) Food and Drug Administration
  2. B) Department of Health and Human Services
  3. C) Health Resources and Services Administration
  4. D) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

14)       This agency provides health care for 25% of Americans.

  1. A) Department of Health and Human Services
  2. B) Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
  3. C) Health Resources and Services Administration
  4. D) Food and Drug Administration

15)       This agency works to provide health care to people who live in areas where health care is not readily available.

  1. A) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
  2. B) Department of Health and Human Services
  3. C) Health Resources and Services Administration
  4. D) Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services

16)       Which of the following is not true about health?

  1. A) It is a “state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease and infirmity.”
  2. B) Being healthy is more than just not being sick.
  3. C) It is just a state of well-being in our minds.
  4. D) It is a state of well-being in our bodies and our lives.

17)       Public health focuses on:

  1. A) prevention issues.
  2. B) curative medical care.
  3. C) foundation support.
  4. D) environmental health.

18)       Morbidity is:

  1. A) the number of new cases of a disease or event .
  2. B) the number of cases of a specific disease in a specific period of time per unit of population.
  3. C) the number of people who have died from a given disease or event.
  4. D) total number of infected/affected people (cases) over a given period of time.

19)       Epidemiologists investigate all of the following except:

  1. A) where a disease outbreak occurred.
  2. B) who is affected by a disease.
  3. C) how a disease affected a victim.
  4. D) the genetic material of a bacterium.

20)       The CDC:

  1. A) works with state health departments and other community organizations to monitor disease and help prevent outbrea
  2. B) assures the safety of foods, cosmetics, and medications.
  3. C) works to improve the availability and quality of substance abuse prevention.
  4. D) provides health care insurance through third-party carriers for 25% of the population.

21)       The FDA:

  1. A) works with state health departments and other community organizations to monitor disease and help prevent outbreaks.
  2. B) assures the safety of foods, cosmetics, and medications.
  3. C) works to improve the availability and quality of substance abuse prevention.
  4. D) provides health care insurance through third-party carriers for 25% of the population.

22)       Responsibilities of state departments of health include all of the following except:

  1. A) conducting inspections of restaurants and factories.
  2. B) assuring the safety of foods, cosmetics, and medications nationally.
  3. C) carrying out national and state mandates designed to protect health.
  4. D) conducting the planning and evaluation of health programs.

23)       Functions of county and city health departments do not include:

  1. A) adult and child immunizations.
  2. B) communicable disease control.
  3. C) raising funds for the American Cancer Society.
  4. D) community assessment.

24)       Foundations are not:

  1. A) not-for-profit organizations.
  2. B) groups that raise funds to support a cause of their choice.
  3. C) groups that distribute funding to other community-based organizations in support of their work.
  4. D) groups that provide direct medical care.

25)       Policy development is:

  1. A) the collective decision about what actions are most appropriate for the health of the state or nation.
  2. B) making sure the necessary actions are actually taken.
  3. C) the study of the history of a disease and its distribution throughout a society.
  4. D) the use of surveillance data to determine changes in the number of infected persons so the appropriate action can be taken when infection rate gets too high.

 

TRUE/FALSE

26)       Public health has a curative focus.

27)       Requiring hard hats falls within the public health domain.

28)       Leper colonies were part of the early days of public health.

29)       The nation’s capital was moved from Philadelphia because of a public health issue.

30)       The U.S. Constitution allows taxation to support health programs.

FILL IN THE BLANK

31)       The Institute of Medicine report titled “The Future of Public Health” identified _______________ key functions of public health.

32)       _______________ involves making sure that the necessary actions are always taken.

33)       _______________ is one nongovernmental agency that provides public health services.

ESSAY

34)       List the functions from the Institute of Medicine’s report.

35)       List three of the state health department’s responsibilities.

36)       More than 70 diseases must be reported nationally. Identify two such diseases and explain the rationale behind this reporting requirement.

37)       Identify and explain two of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s achievements that have resulted in increased longevity for Americans.

 

 

Answer Key

 

1)         C

 

2)         D

 

3)         B

 

4)         A

 

5)         C

 

6)         B

 

7)         A

 

8)         B

 

9)         A

 

10)       A

 

11)       D

 

12)       C

 

13)       D

 

14)       B

 

15)       C

 

16)       C

 

17)       A

 

18)       B

 

19)       D

 

20)       A

 

21)       B

 

22)       B

 

23)       C

 

24)       D

 

25)       A

 

26)       false

 

27)       true

 

28)       true

 

29)       true

 

30)       true

 

31)       three

 

 

Assurance of public health

 

32)       Assurance

 

 

33)       Any of the following:

 

Red Cross

 

March of Dimes

 

American Cancer Society

 

34)       Assessment of the health of the community

Policy development

 

35)       Carrying out national and state mandates designed to protect health

 

Managing environmental education and personal health services

 

Collecting, analyzing, and disseminating information on threats to the community’s

 

health

 

Responding to statewide health crises such as hepatitis and flu outbreaks

 

Setting policies and standards for health care and medical professionals

 

Conducting, planning, and evaluation of health programs

 

Conducting inspections of restaurants and factories

 

 

36)       Responses will vary.

 

37)       Responses will vary but must include two of the following:

 

Vaccination

 

Safer workplaces

 

Healthier mothers and babies

 

Control of infectious diseases

 

Coronary heart disease and stroke prevention programs

 

Safer and healthier food

 

Family planning

 

Motor vehicle safety

 

Fluoridation of drinking water

 

Recognition of tobacco as a health hazard

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